3

What is the correct way to diagram the verb gustar?

As I understand it, in translation the dative Me often operates as the subject of the sentence — I like the apples — but may be literally translated as The apple is pleasing to me.

Would the following, then, be the appropriate way to diagram this sentence?

Me gusta la manzana

Further, would this then be the correct way to diagram ¿Adónde te gustaría viajar?

¿Adónde te gustaría viajar?

I appreciate any input and please let me know if my understanding of this is in some way faulty.

  • 1
    Maybe you need to explain a little bit further the concept of diagram. By seeing your examples I don't know if the diagram is wrong or if it is just not intuitive to read. – Diego Feb 12 '19 at 15:24
  • 1
    I realize this may be a particularly niche question; sentence diagramming is used as an aid in learning the grammatical structure of languages. I know that it is used with languages as Latin, German, Greek, and English, and, so far as I have seen, to a lesser extent in Spanish. Examples may be seen here - german-latin-english.com/diagrams.htm – QMord Feb 12 '19 at 17:19
  • It is just a particular method of syntactical analysis similar to "árboles sintácticos" used in x-bar theory. – QMord Feb 12 '19 at 17:34
  • Just for your information, in Spain we don't use those diagrams when we learn Language. Probably each teacher got his own way of representing the sintactic analysis. So it's difficult to validate yours. If you indicate what are the different parts of the sentence in your opinion, maybe you'll get better help. – RubioRic Feb 13 '19 at 7:38
2

Thanks to rsanchez's comment who pointed out a mistake in my answer!

In your example Me gustan las manzanas (I like apples), Las manzanas is the subject, gustan is the verb (third person plural), and the indirect object is Me, i.e. Yo:

Diagram_1

| improve this answer | |
  • 4
    En este caso Me es objeto indirecto. gustar es intransitivo en esta acepción. – rsanchez Feb 13 '19 at 2:59
  • 1
    And "me" means "a mí/to me" and not "yo". – RubioRic Feb 13 '19 at 7:35
  • @RubioRic me es la forma átona de Yo. Saludos. – prm296 Feb 13 '19 at 19:04
  • @rsanchez gracias por la observación. En breve corrijo la respuesta – prm296 Feb 13 '19 at 19:05
  • Hey prm296, I appreciate your answer; do you, then, think that the diagram for gustaría is correct? – QMord Feb 14 '19 at 14:11

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.