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I am studying Spanish with the Michel Thomas Method.

It has the following example:

la cena está preparada

dinner is prepared

What does the ada ending in preparada mean? Preparada comes from preparar but I'm not sure why they have used ada.

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preparar has the past participle preparado(a). The choice of -ada or -ado will depend on what the noun is.

La cena está preparadacena is feminine, so it must agree with the ending -ada.
El cerdo está preparadocerdo is masculine, so it must agree with the ending -ado.

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