27 votes

All about datives, or: What's that funny "le" or "me" doing in there?

The dative case is commonly known as the grammatical case of indirect objects (the secondary object of ditransitive verbs like dar), and it is marked in Spanish by the use of special pronouns (me, te, ...
20 votes
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What is the grammatical explanation of "sí" in "entre sí"?

"Sí" is also the reflexive form of the third person pronouns (él, ella, ellos, ellas), which must always be preceded by a preposition. This "sí" is completely unrelated (has different etymology) to ...
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  • 10.9k
15 votes

If someone asks a question using “quién”, how can one shortly respond?

English is, I believe, somewhat odd in allowing the oblique pronouns in the responses like that (but that's actually evidence for them being the default, and the subject pronouns being the exception, ...
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14 votes

Is the sentence "La pelota es roja. La niña juega con la" correct?

The correct sentence would be La pelota es roja. La niña juega con ella. The pronoun la is the clitic non-emphatic object pronoun. Third-person object pronouns are not used after prepositions like ...
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  • 38.9k
13 votes
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Where did using "un servidor" to address yourself come from? / De donde se origina la costumbre de llamerse a sí mismo "un servidor"?

La expresión procede, en efecto, de fórmulas corteses o formales. Por ejemplo, respondiendo a una pregunta: ¿Es usted Pedro Pérez? Para servirle [o Para servirle a usted; similar al inglés at ...
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  • 9,959
12 votes

Personal pronouns: When to hook at the end of verb and when to keep separate?

The rules themselves are quite complicated especially taking into account dialectal concerns in the north of Spain where due to influence from other languages like Asturian can affect regional speech (...
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12 votes
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"los dos de usted" or "los dos de ustedes": Which one is correct?

Both "los dos de usted" and "los dos de ustedes" do not make much sense. "los dos de usted" is even gramatically incorrect, since "usted" should be plural, as you mention in the question. To me, the ...
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  • 33.4k
12 votes

What's the difference between "ti" and "te"?

Ti and te are both second person singular pronouns, the equivalent of English singular you in object position. The difference has to do with emphasis. Te is the non-emphatic pronoun. It is clitic, i. ...
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  • 38.9k
12 votes

If "dar" means "to give", what does "daros" mean?

It's the second person plural object pronoun 'os' (as opposed to the subject pronoun 'vosotros'). It means 'you (plural)'. You would also use it where in English you might use 'to you' or 'for you' ...
11 votes
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el bar / la barra

"El bar" is the business, the place from the door to the toilets. "La barra" is the desk where the waiter works. The first one is a copy from the english "bar" with the meaning of "pub". The second ...
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  • 3,575
11 votes
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¿Por qué se usa la forma "tú" en publicidades en vez de "usted"?

Puede ser para ofrecer cercanía con el publico al que se dirige. La forma usted es mucho mas formal y desde luego implica respeto, pero eso no quiere decir que la forma tú carezca de él. Creo que en ...
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  • 47.6k
11 votes

Le/les creo a mis amigos

No hay ninguna ambigüedad en el asunto: siempre debe existir concordancia de número (y de género en otros casos) entre el pronombre y el referente. Por lo tanto sólo estos casos son correctos: Ella ...
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  • 15.8k
11 votes

Why don't we put subject pronouns "you", "I" in questions? e.g."¿cómo tú estás?"

In Spanish you can omit the subject in sentences when it is known or it can be inferred from context or the verb. In the case you show, the subject is inferred from the verb. This is the present ...
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  • 76.4k
11 votes
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Redundant indirect object pronoun: is "le" redundant in "preguntémosle al estúpido / a él"?

TL;DR The redundant le is only optional if a noun acts as indirect object and that noun is placed after the verb: otherwise, it is mandatory. However, in spoken speech, the redundant le is almost ...
10 votes

Nos hace sentirnos o Nos hace sentir

En el Manual de la Nueva Gramática de la Lengua Española, apartado 16.4.3a. Última frase. Se consideran también incorrectas las construcciones, propias de la lengua descuidada, en las que el mismo ...
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  • 4,504
10 votes

"echado" vs "echando"

The Nobel prize Camilo José Cela once said: "No es lo mismo estar dormido que estar durmiendo, como no es lo mismo estar jodido que estar jodiendo.". The anecdote surrounding this funny quote ...
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  • 1,550
10 votes
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The difference between the use of "les" and "los"

This link about the usage of pronouns lo(s), la(s), le(s) might be useful. Basically, lo and la are pronouns used to refer to the direct complement in a sentence, while le is used to refer to a ...
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  • 47.6k
10 votes
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Using article twice when joining two clauses

In Spanish we have several constructions that can translate your sentence, That's the one that I eat the chicken with: Es con esa que me como el pollo Con esa es con la que me como el pollo Es con ...
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  • 9,959
10 votes
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What does "¿Que es eso?" mean?

The words qué, cuál/es, quién/es, cómo, cuán, cuánto/a/os/as, cuándo, dónde y adónde are written with acute accent (tilde diacrítica) when used in an interrogative or exclamatory manner. You can read ...
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  • 10.5k
10 votes
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Using "están" vs "estás" when refering to "you"

The sentence given by memrise is correct, since the implied subject is "ustedes." Think of the case where a waiter was asking a group of patrons at a restaurant. I'm assuming your confusion is simply ...
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  • 156
10 votes

Agreeing with the complement not the subject: esto son, eso son, lo mejor son

I think the answer is easy: what you think is the predicate is in fact the subject. The sentences are just inverted. If you turn them over, you get: Los avisos son lo mejor de la televisión. Los ...
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  • 76.4k
10 votes
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¿"No lo es" con objeto femenino?

Según la NGLE (37.1i-37.1k), los atributos de los verbos copulativos como parecer se sustituyen por el pronombre neutro lo independientemente de su género y número.
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  • 38.9k
10 votes
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Word order with pronouns and adverbs in Spanish

In modern Spanish, unstressed pronouns (that is, me, te, se, le, lo, la, nos, os, les, los, las) must always come either directly before (with a space) or directly after (without a space) a verb. By ...
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10 votes

Is it regular grammar to use pronoun 'él' as 'it'?

Preposition + "él"/"ella" is a perfectly normal construction. Nominative personal pronouns (like "él" and "ella") are seldom used in Spanish, except when they refer to people, and even then they are ...
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9 votes

What is the etymology of the pronoun "usted"? What formal pronouns existed before?

Usted is derived from "vusted", an archaic shortening of "Vuestra Merced", an old Spanish way of saying [lit.] "your mercy" (similar to the honorific "your grace"). From the Diccionario de la lengua ...
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  • 191
9 votes
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Personal pronouns: When to hook at the end of verb and when to keep separate?

They can go "hooked" to the verb when the verb is in imperative, infinitive or gerund. ¿por qué no puede hacerlo así? / ¿por qué no lo puede hacer así? ¿por qué no están haciéndolo así? / ¿...
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  • 47.6k
9 votes
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Is this sentence grammatically correct? "te deseo todo la suerte en el mundo"

Your first option is almost the right one. Just two notes: "Todo" must agree in gender with "suerte", which is feminine. So it is "toda la suerte". In Spanish we say "del mundo", as if the luck were ...
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  • 76.4k
9 votes
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When to use an indirect object pronoun rather than a direct object pronoun?

Very generally speaking, a direct object completes or specifies the meaning of the verb, while an indirect object adds a destination, a goal, someone or something towards which the action is oriented. ...
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