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Spanish etymologist Corominas states that the origin of that middle -n- is due mostly to a prolongation of the nasalization produced by the previous -m-. He also states that the word could have been influenced by Latin caementum (Spanish 'cimiento', 'cemento') just by the similarity of how both words sound, but that cannot have been the only reason. Note ...


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What you're missing is that the name Santiago is composed by two particles: Sant Iago (Saint + James). In his Spanish entry in the wikipedia you can find a short explanation of the evolution of the name from the original Jacob: Su nombre en hebreo es Jacob (יעקב), pero con el tiempo se ha ido deformando en Jacobo, Iago, Yago, San Iago, San Yago, Santiago, ...


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