12

The rules themselves are quite complicated especially taking into account dialectal concerns in the north of Spain where due to influence from other languages like Asturian can affect regional speech (and isn't strictly considered incorrect modern Spanish, though it will certainly sound old fashioned to everyone else). That said, I can give two sets of ...


10

This link about the usage of pronouns lo(s), la(s), le(s) might be useful. Basically, lo and la are pronouns used to refer to the direct complement in a sentence, while le is used to refer to a indirect complement. Lets see the parts of the sentence in your example. Its clear that "el maestro" is the subject and "lee" is the verb. Then you could say that "...


9

They can go "hooked" to the verb when the verb is in imperative, infinitive or gerund. ¿por qué no puede hacerlo así? / ¿por qué no lo puede hacer así? ¿por qué no están haciéndolo así? / ¿por qué no lo están haciendo así? Hazlo así. In the other verb tenses the pronouns can't go hooked. In "¿por qué no lo hace?" the verb tense is ...


8

La could work, if what you're doing is something feminine (like la tarea). Lo is used when what you're doing is masculine (like el trabajo). If what you're doing has no gender because it's a verb or can't be reduced to some noun (like ir de compras) you use the other lo. It's neuter, even though it looks identical. In this case, the neuter lo is the ...


8

Según entiendo (1) y (2) son correctas, aunque (1) suena tanto a frase redundante que casi ningún hablante la articularía naturalmente. (1) Dejarte irte fue un error. (2) Dejarte ir fue un error. Entre estas dos la única diferencia es que (1) usa la forma pronominal de ir, mientras que (2) usa la forma básica. La forma básica es mucho menos frecuente ...


6

I think you are talking about "objeto directo & objeto indirecto" ("complemento directo & complemento indirecto"). As an example: (Yo) Le di un regalo a Alberto / I gave a present to Alberto Yo le di un regalo / I gave him a present (you know who) Yo se lo di / I gave it to him (you know who and what you gave) Another one: Ella ...


6

Another option that does not use the infinitive: Perdona que lo intentara In this case, as the verb is not in its infinitive form, the object pronoun goes before it. You can use the infinitive in this other option: Perdón por haberlo intentado. In this case you must insert "por", as in the English "sorry for...".


6

The correct form would be Siento haberlo intentado. In Spanish the object pronouns la, le, lo etc. are always enclitic (they follow the verb) if it's an infinitive, and they're written as one word with it. This is in contrast to other Romance languages which either allow freedom in the position of the pronoun or prescribe that it must be proclitic to (i. ...


6

Hay viene inequívocamente de la contracción hay < ha hi < ha ahí (cf. cat. hi ha, fr. il y a). No obstante la hipótesis de que soy, doy, voy, estoy (de so, do, vo, esto) también vengan de tal contracción es solo una de las múltiples explicaciones propuestas sobre sus etimologías. Español soy, estoy, doy, voy: un intento de explicación morfológica ...


5

Your question asks for several alternative forms. From the start I'd say that the versions with suficientemente are all correct, whether they use lo and/or como: ¿Es lo suficientemente inteligente como para trabajar en Google? ¿Es suficientemente inteligente como para trabajar en Google? ¿Es lo suficientemente inteligente para trabajar en Google? ¿Es ...


5

The word "lo" is the neutral definite article. It is used when you need to use the definite article to refer to an abstract concept that comes from an adjective. In essence, "lo suficiente" means "that which is sufficient". This article is always used with the adjective in singular masculine form, i.e. "lo suficiente" is grammatically correct but "lo ...


5

"Suficiente" is an adjective, and as such determines a noun: No queda suficiente comida. There is a special case that can also determine a verb: when it precedes by a neutral article "lo" (quantitative lo) and works as an adverb of quantity. This situation occurs only with 5 adjectives: No nos concentramos lo suficiente No traes lo necesario ...


5

The indirect object pronouns le & les change to se when preceding the direct object pronouns lo, la, los & las. I give it to him- Se lo doy. (can't be Le lo doy) She tells her mom the truth--She tells it to her. Se la dice. Se is also used "impersonally" when it means "one" (in general). One can buy milk here= Se puede comprar leche ...


4

Indeed, there are rules, but it is important to distinguish between the rules that govern Standard Spanish (which should be used in formal communication) and informal or dialectal Spanish — which still have rules, just different from the standard. In general, the following table explains when to use each of the object pronouns in third person: +------+...


4

Your question is a bit general but you have a nice table on the RAE website that can help you: RAE:pronombres átonos So for the third person you have: Complemento directo masculino singular: lo/(le(leísmo)) Complemento directo masculino plural: los Complemento directo femenino singular: la Complemento directo femenino plural: la Complemento directo ...


4

In Standard Spanish, there is generally no distinction made in animacy for the object pronouns1. Lo and la are used for direct objects, being lo for masculine2 and la for feminine. Le is used for indirect objects3 and represents the recipient of an action. This sentence is a bit tricky, because the verb doesn't correlate in transivity to English. Let's ...


4

Creo que la lista de acepciones del a RAE no es del todo completa. Creo que muchas veces se usa "flipar" con el sentido de alucinar, que sí es transitivo tr. Sorprender, asombrar, deslumbrar. U. t. c. intr. y c. prnl. tr. coloq. Arg. Fantasear, imaginar vivamente algo. Aluciné que viajaba por el espacio. prnl. Confundirse, desvariar. Adaptado a ...


4

«Se le conoce como la “sordera de los Monge”» es leísmo (le es pronombre dativo y en este caso corresponde acusativo, porque la sordera o el tipo de sordera en cuestión son objeto directo del verbo conocer). «Se la conoce como la “sordera de los Monge”» es correcto y la forma más común. Aunque en la oración anterior se hable de un tipo de sordera, «un tipo ...


4

Well, I'm not sure about the analysis that you made about the English structure of the sentence. According to the Cambridge Dictionary ask to put a question to someone, or to request an answer from someone: [ + two objects ] She asked me a question. What does the highlighted text mean? [+ two objects] A verb that has a direct and indirect ...


3

When the verb contains an infinitive form (plain verb, not modified by conjugation), it is equally valid to place the direct object pronoun (me, lo) at the end of the infinitive verb, or before the verb. Can you do it? ¿Puedes hacerlo? / ¿Lo puedes hacer? But when the verb is conjugated, the direct object pronoun is separated and put in front of the verb....


3

"El maestro los lee" would mean that the teacher reads THEM. "El maestro les lee" means the teacher reads TO them. "El maestro nos lee" means the teacher reads to US.


3

To complement the previous answer, the function of lo is to render the adjective into a noun. So, you can have sentences like lo bonito siempre atrae más, where bonito is an adjective rendered into a noun. It is just the compressed version of lo que es bonito. With your sentence is the same thing, lo suficiente is just lo que era suficiente with some words ...


3

As @toni mentioned the use of le/les or se depends on the type of the Object Pronouns (direct vs. indirect pronombres): DO Pronouns: me, te, lo/la, nos, os, los/las IO Pronounce: me, te, le, nos, os, les When both are used in the same sentence, like here: Ella te los dan.She gives them to you.IO: teDO: los Él me lo dice. He tells it to me.IO: meDO: lo ...


3

"Lo que" indeed means "what", not in the interrogative sense, but in the sense of "that which..." Consider the following examples: Lo que importa es... / What matters is... Lo que me molesta es que ... / What bothers me is that... ¿Oíste lo que dijo? / Did you hear what s/he said? Haz lo que quieras. / Do whatever you want. ...


3

There are three situations in which the indirect object pronoun, when the indirect object itself is explicitly mentioned, is required: Verbs of the gustar-type You cannot say Algo gusta al niño, you must say le gusta al niño When the main object comes in front of the verb If you say al niño María __ sirve comida, then a le is required. There are even ...


3

Todos los verbos, en algunas de sus formas (tiempos, modos) y ciertas condiciones, aceptan pronombres enclíticos. Las reglas son algo complicadas pero básicamente siempre es correcto el pronombre enclítico tras un verbo en imperativo afirmativo: dame, mételas, éntrenlo tras un verbo en infinitivo: darme, meterlo, entrarlo. La regla es igual con un ...


3

La frase problemática es “dejarse enredar”. Esta es una frase no finita, es decir, una frase con un verbo principal no conjugado (en este caso, un verbo en infinitivo); este verbo principal es dejarse. Podemos probar conjugando el verbo para ver cómo se comporta: “Él se deja enredar (en...)”. El sujeto se permite a sí mismo sufrir la acción de una tercera ...


2

It is my understanding that "todo" requires the neuter pronoun "lo" when "todo" is not further modified/explained. For example, you could say "Juan lo sabe todo" but not "Juan sabe todo." However, you can say "Juan sabe todo sobre la jardinería" because "todo" is not left on its own, but is further modified or narrowed to "everything about" a certain ...


2

No son intercambiables. En la primera frase: El tiempo es el que es. "El" hace referencia al propio tiempo. El sentido de la frase implica que el tiempo es invariable, que el tiempo que existe es el que existe y no se puede modificar. Para la segunda frase, invocaré el título de otro programa de televisión, de hace algún tiempo. Supongamos la frase: ...


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