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Etymologically, why do "ser" and "estar" exist? / Etimológicamente, ¿por qué existen "ser" y "estar"?

Way back in the times of the Latin language, there were two different verbs, but not with the same meaning as today: sum, es, esse, fui1, meaning "to be" (Spanish: "ser", "estar", "haber"). This was ...
Charlie's user avatar
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17 votes

What are the differences between "ser" and "estar"? When to use each? // ¿Cuáles son las diferencias entre "ser" y "estar"? ¿Cuándo se usa cada uno?

This is a stub for the answer. Feel free to collaborate, and remember to add links in case you add information coming from already answered questions. If you want to go deeper into the roots of ...
11 votes

Using “ser” without "un/una"?

That's an interesting use of broma. You know that the verb ser does not need an article when the word following is an adjective: El coche es azul. Ha sido divertido. In the case of broma, the ...
Charlie's user avatar
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10 votes

Agreeing with the complement not the subject: esto son, eso son, lo mejor son

I think the answer is easy: what you think is the predicate is in fact the subject. The sentences are just inverted. If you turn them over, you get: Los avisos son lo mejor de la televisión. Los ...
Charlie's user avatar
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9 votes
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Are there any rules governing when you can and cannot use a present tense form of "ser" + a past participle to form a passive sentence?

"ser" + past participle in the present tense can be used in any passive context where the present is allowed. The difference with "estar" + past participle is that the former will indicate the process,...
Gustavson's user avatar
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8 votes

When do you use 'tener' to replace 'estar' or 'ser' for am/is/are?

As shown by the comment and the answer above, I think we can define a rule for the alternate use of "estar" and "tener" when predicating a state about the subject: "tener&...
Gustavson's user avatar
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8 votes
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"Mi esposo piensa que es un santo" - why is "un" necessary in this sentence?

I agree with Mauricio but would like to add something that might account for the presence of the article in this particular case. Unlike most other nouns denoting occupation, religion, affiliation or ...
Gustavson's user avatar
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8 votes

What should we use when it comes to employment, "soy" or "estoy"?

Permanent vs. temporary can be a useful shorthand for ser vs. estar, but it's also an oversimplification. According to Cisneros' "Spanish in Three Months", the various usages of ser vs estar can be ...
autistOfSpot's user avatar
7 votes

Etymologically, why do "ser" and "estar" exist? / Etimológicamente, ¿por qué existen "ser" y "estar"?

Why do ser and estar exist? They have different roots, in particular the Spanish verb ser has multiple roots: The infinitive (e.g. ser), the conditionals (e.g. sería) and the future form (e.g. seré) ...
Theraot's user avatar
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7 votes
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Estás versus Eres: meanings in "you are a noun + adjective"

The distinction is that the first sentence grammatically says "at this moment you are a naughty girl" This is incorrect. What you mean happens in this example: you see the girl all "...
Diego's user avatar
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7 votes

Está aceptado vs. Es aceptado

Both the following forms are common to refer to the status of havig been admitted: El niño ha sido aceptado/admitido en la universidad El niño está aceptado/admitido en la universidad which means &...
wimi's user avatar
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6 votes
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Use of "está" to describe something being good/bad

That would be an incomplete example. As you guess you can use both ser/estar. It is not very good If we refer to, for example a deal, we would use ser: (el trato) no es muy bueno If we refer to ...
Diego's user avatar
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6 votes

Ser and Estar Questions

As a general rule, "ser" is used for permanent conditions and "estar", for temporary conditions. 1) You can say: "Este equipo está muy bueno" to mean that, considering its current composition or ...
Gustavson's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why are "ser" and "estar" used in these two sentences?

It doesn't matter if you say: ¿Que tal estuvo tu noche? or ¿Que tal fue tu noche? Both mean the same, but fue is a little bit less formal. Also notice that fue in this case, comes from the verb ir ...
ntzz's user avatar
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6 votes

Using “ser” without "un/una"?

There are indeed cases in Spanish in which the zero article is used with singular, countable nouns. The examples at issue can take an indefinite article: Es (una) broma. Es (una) muy linda ciudad. (...
Gustavson's user avatar
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6 votes
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¿Tiene o ha tenido el verbo "ser" participio de presente?

Como le he comentado a Gustavson, barajaba la posibilidad de que el participio de presente (o activo) del verbo ser fuera ente. Y buscando un poco he dado con un artículo de la Fundéu que dice: El ...
Charlie's user avatar
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5 votes
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What should we use when it comes to employment, "soy" or "estoy"?

To be a professor is a permanent characteristic, an attribute of the person, unrelated to their employment status. If you are a professor, you can be an unemployed professor, a professor working as a ...
angus's user avatar
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5 votes

"Mi esposo piensa que es un santo" - why is "un" necessary in this sentence?

In the DLE there is this meaning: uno, na 3. art. indet. Indica que lo denotado por el nombre o el grupo nominal al que precede no designa un individuo particular, sino un tipo. Un político ...
Mauricio Martinez's user avatar
5 votes
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How can *estar aburrido* and *ser aburrido* both mean "to be boring"?

There's at least one study¹ about the use of the copulas ser and estar (in Puerto Rican Spanish) that, among other things, finds that more than a few adjectives that are normally predicated with ser ...
pablodf76's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is 'sin ser' synonymous with 'sin estar'?

No, they are not Even though you are adding "sin" (therefore making it negative) it doesn't change the meaning of the verbs, ser is still ser and estar is still estar. In your example, you couldn't ...
Dante Puglisi's user avatar
4 votes

When do you use 'tener' to replace 'estar' or 'ser' for am/is/are?

There is, to my knowledge, no general rule for predicting whether tener is appropriate in a given case to replace ser/ester, but rather the usage is idiomatic. There are many examples of this, though ...
NotEvans.'s user avatar
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4 votes

Why Estar conjugation is used with food-items?

In very broad terms, estar refers to a temporary state, while ser refers to a permanent one. So, to give you some food examples: Esta sopa está caliente. This soup is (now) hot. It might be cold ...
spiral's user avatar
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4 votes

Why not this ? How are you in Spanish?

The thing is that translating the verb be to spanish, it has to be done with two verbs with different meanings: ser and estar. And they can't be used interchangeably. If you think about it, it's a ...
eftshift0's user avatar
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4 votes

Using “ser” without "un/una"?

Well, saying "Es broma" is different from saying "Es una broma". "Es broma" means "Just kidding"/"I'm joking" but with the "una" it means "It's a joke".
noahcoleman's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

If I'm saying that something is two adjectives and one uses "ser" but the other uses "estar", what should I do?

El perro es grande y está enojado. The verb ser is (among other things) for defining a feature. So the dog is big is el perro es grande because it is "permanently big". Permanently doesn't mean ...
Alonso Urbano's user avatar
3 votes

Dos formas por una función: "ser+participio" y "se pasiva" para referirse a algo en voz pasiva

Algunas diferencias: La pasiva con "se" es más idiomática que la pasiva perifrástica (ser + participio): "La fiesta se celebra cada año" es más común que "La fiesta es celebrada cada año", que suena ...
Gustavson's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there any rules governing when you can and cannot use a present tense form of "ser" + a past participle to form a passive sentence?

I'm going to give you a very simple answer (and to do so I must ignore the question in your title -- if you want to address this I suggest a separate Question): Your solutions to the exercises are ...
aparente001's user avatar
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3 votes

Are there any rules governing when you can and cannot use a present tense form of "ser" + a past participle to form a passive sentence?

There are several things going on here. As indicated by other people already, your answers are not ungrammatical. Mostly they sound wrong because they don't correspond to the implied context. Los ...
pablodf76's user avatar
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3 votes

Uso de ser/estar cuando alguien es liberado

"ser libre" es, en efecto, más común que "estar libre". Google books arroja estos resultados que, aunque no son determinantes para llegar a una conclusión categórica, ya nos dan algún indicio de ...
Gustavson's user avatar
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3 votes

What is the difference between "el examen fue largo" and "el examen estuvo largo"?

In the Spanish from Spain the former one is used, while the American Spanish uses the second one. There is no difference but the localization, but el examen estuvo largo sounds weird in Spain, as here ...
diego.martinez's user avatar

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