Questions tagged [tiempos-verbales]

Preguntas acerca de modos o tiempos verbales: indicativo, subjuntivo, condicional, imperativo, etc. // Questions about verb tenses or modes: indicative, subjuntivo, imperative, etc.

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2
votes
1answer
643 views

Translating "wait until" or "wait for"

How do you translate phrases involving wait until or wait for: Wait until I call you before you leave for the restaurant. Wait for me to come home before you buy the tickets. You should ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Spanish names for preterite and imperfect tenses

In school, I learned that the Spanish past tenses were called preterite and imperfect in English, and preterito and imperfecto in Spanish. However, in talking to native speakers I've run across other ...
7
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1answer
3k views

"Te va (a) encantar" - is "a" necessary?

Is the "a" necessary when using "ir a" to convey future meaning? Google gives 17m results for "te va a encantar" but also 1.5m for "te va encantar". Does this rule vary according to formality?
2
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1answer
2k views

Indicative vs. subjunctive in "no importa qué dice el destino"

If I'm hearing it correctly, there's a line in Carlos Baute's "Colgando En Tus Manos" that says: No importa qué dice el destino. I thought that sentence should be expressed: No importa qué diga ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Why does the preterite of "traducir" transform into "tradujo"?

As you will see below the preterite suffers from an odd transformation. Even native speakers make the mistake of conjugating the preterite of traducir wrong. For instance instead of traduje they ...
6
votes
3answers
551 views

What is the imperative without pronoun of 'Saber'? Why?

Okay so I suddenly have no idea how to say the imperative of saber. This was my reasoning until arriving to a comical dead end: Ir = Ve Comer = Come Ser = Sé Saber = Se? Sabé? Sepe!? Per answers the ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Translating "how is ...?" and "how was ...?"

What are the options for translating the phrase "how is" or "how was," as in: How's the steak? How is your day so far? How is the traffic today? and How was your vacation? How was the meeting? How ...
14
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6answers
2k views

“Habría” or “Hubiera”: ¿Si lo hubieran anotado, después no les "hubiera" o "habría" costado tanto recordarlo?

Dada la siguiente oración: Si lo hubieran anotado, después no les hubiera (habría) costado tanto recordarlo. se ve que la primera aparición de hubieran está bien utilizada, pero a veces la segunda ...
10
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3answers
880 views

"De donde fue" instead of "De donde estaba"

In Nicaragua, addresses are usually given as directions from a landmark, for example: From the stadium, go 5 blocks south, then 3 blocks east Sometimes the landmark is a place that used to be ...
15
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4answers
312 views

Is there any subtle difference between the two forms of the imperfect subjuntive?

The imperfect subjuntive has two forms. For example: Ojalá viniera. Ojalá viniese. I think both has the same meaning. However, is there any subtle difference?
9
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3answers
1k views

Words that mean different things in the preterite

There are some verbs that seem to have quite distinct meanings in the preterite tense. I don't know whether they also seem to change meanings to native speakers or if it just seems completely natural ...
10
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1answer
4k views

When should you use the preterite or the imperfect to express past time?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica There are two ways to express simple past time actions and conditions in Spanish. One is the preterite, Comí tacos. I ate tacos. ...
6
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1answer
3k views

Does indirect speech in Spanish require changes in tense, mood, etc?

In German you have to use different moods, in English different tenses for verbs to mark indirect speech (speech where you are saying what was said or expressed): He said that he had painted the ...
15
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5answers
17k views

"ir a «infinitive»" vs. future tense

There are two ways to indicate a future action, ir a «infinitive» and the future tense. How do I decide which to use when? Is one form more common when spoken or in writing? Is there a regional ...
9
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2answers
5k views

What is the future subjunctive and how was it used?

I've heard that there used to be another tense in Spanish called the "future-subjunctive" ¡A donde fueres, haz lo que vieres! I've heard the above means in a literal sense, "to where you will go, ...
30
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2answers
11k views

Preterite of ser and ir

Español Pretérito de ser: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron Pretérito de ir: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron ¿Cómo han evolucionado los verbos "ser" e "ir" para tener la ...

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