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Questions tagged [subjuntivo]

Preguntas sobre el modo verbal subjuntivo // A verbal mood used for expressing the counterfactual such as wishing, including how to conjugate and use it.

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Is there something deeper behind the "verb classes swapping" of the subjunctive endings?

In Spanish (and also in Latin, and most of Romance languages, too) the present subjunctive is formed by a kind of swapping the indicative endings between the verb declension classes: the 1st class (-a-...
Honza Zidek's user avatar
17 votes
1 answer
3k views

Difference between -iera and -iese ending of the imperfect subjunctive

There are two forms of the imperfect subjunctve in use, for example, pudiera, pudieras, pudiera, pudiéramos, pudierais, pudieran and pudiese, pudieses, pudiese, pudiésemos, pudieseis, pudiesen I ...
John Powell's user avatar
16 votes
6 answers
2k views

“Habría” or “Hubiera”: ¿Si lo hubieran anotado, después no les "hubiera" o "habría" costado tanto recordarlo?

Dada la siguiente oración: Si lo hubieran anotado, después no les hubiera (habría) costado tanto recordarlo. se ve que la primera aparición de hubieran está bien utilizada, pero a veces la segunda ...
Nicolás Ozimica's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
408 views

Is there any subtle difference between the two forms of the imperfect subjuntive?

The imperfect subjuntive has two forms. For example: Ojalá viniera. Ojalá viniese. I think both has the same meaning. However, is there any subtle difference?
J. Calleja's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
833 views

¿Por qué se usa el subjuntivo en "quien fuera uno de los fundadores"?

La portada del libro Guerra de Yugurta (ISBN 968366153X) tiene esta frase: La Biblioteca Sciptorvm Graecorvm et Romanorvm edita por segunda ocasión la Guerra de Yugurta, los Fragmentos de las ...
Michael Wolf's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
374 views

"Desde que saliera al mercado..." Why the use of subjunctive?

The following is an excerpt from BBC Mundo: El traductor de Google, por ejemplo, ha dado pasos gigantes desde que saliera al mercado en 2006. Why is the subjunctive used here when we are talking ...
Nikolay Kovalenko's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
30k views

When should the subjunctive be used after "mientras"?

When should mientras or mientras que be followed by the subjunctive and when by the indicative? In both cases, how is mientras usually translated?
jrdioko's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
5k views

What is the future subjunctive and how was it used?

I've heard that there used to be another tense in Spanish called the "future-subjunctive" ¡A donde fueres, haz lo que vieres! I've heard the above means in a literal sense, "to where you will go, ...
Gordon Gustafson's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
264 views

Why use subjunctive form of a verb in this context?

Today when I was reading an article written in Spanish, I encountered the following sentense (source: ESPN.com in Argentina, titled Cerca un cambio por Josh Hamilton): Los Angelinos le debe a ...
Blaszard's user avatar
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9 votes
5 answers
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Forming a conditional clause in present and present tense

I just learend the conditional and past subjunctive. Here is an example: If I had a million dollars, I would buy a big house. Si tuviera un millón dolares, compraría una casa grande. So I'm ...
gonnastop's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
942 views

Use of "Que" in "Que todo te vaya bien"

Que todo te vaya bien. Que nos reunamos a las 6. I've seen, and used, que in this form - it's as if the verb has been dropped, say, espero. What is the origin of this usage? Is it colloquial / ...
Brian E's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to write "if this happened, I would have done this"?

I'm quite new to subjuntive and the conditional tense. If I want to write: If I had been rich, I would have bought a car. Is this correct: Si yo hubiera sido rico, compraría un coche. Or should ...
Student of Hogwarts's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
7k views

Why do we use different words for "Usted es un niño" and "Tú eres un niño"?

Why do we use "es" for "usted" and "eres" for "tú"?
David G's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
707 views

When is it OK to use a subjunctive form instead of the conditional?

My question is a follow-up of this question. So, with the following sentence, we have querer conjugated in the subjunctive, imperfect past: Quisiera algo de agua, por favor. | I would like some ...
Rock Anthony Johnson's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

¿Cómo escribo el subjuntivo presente de 'adelgazar'?

Según el sitio conjugation.org, el subjuntivo presente del verbo adelgazar es: yo adelgaze tú adelgazes él/usted adelgaze nosotros adelgazemos vosotros adelgazéis ellos/ustedes adelgazen ...
Flimzy's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Voseo del subjuntivo del presente de verbos irregulares (ser, ir) en Chile

Espero encontrar algún chileno aquí que me pueda contestar la siguiente pregunta: Se trata del subjuntivo del voseo, que se usa con bastante diferencia en las varias regiones voseantes. Ya sé que por ...
Konstantin H.'s user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
381 views

When would one use the subjunctive form of a verb?

I'm trying to recall some high school spanish and having difficulties as its been several years. Under what conditions would one use the subjunctive form of a verb? Why would you want to use it to ...
chrisjlee's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
164 views

¿Por qué usamos subjuntivo con "parece"?

Estoy estudiando español. He hecho muchos ejercicios con el subjuntivo. Quiero preguntar: ¿por qué esta oración "A mis padres les parece increible que yo (poder) pueda tocar la guitarra" ...
Exc's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
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pensaban que no había suficientes habitaciones VS no pensaban que hubieran suficientes habitaciones

Algunas personas pensaban que no había suficientes habitaciones para acomodar a tantos visitantes. VS Algunas personas no pensaban que hubiera suficientes habitacions para acomodar a ...
Gordon Gustafson's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
783 views

imperative or subjunctive

In my Spanish class I have learnt that only the second person (s & pl) has distinct forms for the imperative, but the forms for all other persons are the same as for the subjunctive. ...
gpr's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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¿Por qué se utiliza el subjuntivo en oraciones del tipo: "antes de que finalizara"?

En oraciones como Antes de que el partido finalizara, los hinchas dejaron el estadio. me pregunto: ¿Por qué se utiliza el subjuntivo? ¿Es éste es un tipo especial del mismo?
Jose's user avatar
  • 489
7 votes
2 answers
302 views

Imperativo plural en dialectos con voseo

Aprendiendo del voseo me acabo de acordar de una situación bastante extraña que ocurrió mientras viajaba por Bolivia: Andábamos por el medio de la nada en una zona súper rural de Bolivia con una ...
Konstantin H.'s user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
118 views

¿Por qué se usa el subjuntivo para indicar pasado? [duplicate]

Leo con frecuencia en ambientes coloquiales (grupos de WhatsApp, o redes sociales, por ejemplo) de España frases del tipo: —Ayer hablemos con Juan. —El otro día cenemos en un restaurante kurdo. En ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
6 votes
2 answers
672 views

Why is "sea" used in "quién sea él" but not "es"?

I tried to translate "I don't care who he is" into Spanish, and I got this: No me importa quién sea él This sounds strange. sea is the present subjunctive (or imperative) conjugation of ser, which ...
iBug's user avatar
  • 1,285
6 votes
4 answers
4k views

How do you use "si" and "hubiera" ("If" and "had")

I am studying Spanish with the Michel Thomas Method. It states that in Spanish, "Had" is "había": Lo había comprado. / I had bought it. If using "if", "Had" becomes "hubiera" as this expresses an ...
big_smile's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
120 views

However ... it may be

When do we use por más que, por mucho que, and por muy que? I've heard the first expression used pretty frequently, but I've never heard the other two used. Are they synonymous with the first ...
Froggos's user avatar
  • 503
6 votes
1 answer
584 views

Future subjunctive of "I hope that she will not be ill"?

How do you translate the following phrase? I hope that she [my sister] will not be ill. The context of the phrase is that my family holiday will be cancelled if my sister continues to be ill. ...
BladorthinTheGrey's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
278 views

¿Hay alguna diferencia importante entre los dos subjuntivos? [duplicate]

Estoy encantado con estas dos formas del lenguaje, pero ninguno de los materiales disponibles ha clarificado la diferencia entre las dos formas: Si hubiese sabido que iba a llover, me habría ...
Manjusri's user avatar
  • 371
6 votes
1 answer
302 views

Dos formas del subjuntivo imperfecto ("-ra" y "-se") que fueron usadas en una oración por una misma persona

Simpre creía que cada persona normalmente usa solo una de los dos formas del subjuntivo imperfecto como una preferencía personal. Pero encontré algunos ejemplos que muestran lo contrario: Del libro &...
Alex's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
3k views

"Quizá puede" vs "quizá pueda": presente indicativo vs presente subjuntivo

Ejemplo: Quizá esto puede servirte como inspiración vs Quizá esto pueda servirte como inspiración Desde un punto de vista teórico, ¿qué forma es correcta y por qué? Desde un punto de vista ...
Pablo Messina's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
234 views

Uso del imperfecto con el imperfecto del subjuntivo

En la canción de Calle 13 llamada Ven y critícame escucho la frase ... Si yo quisiera vender algo montaba una tienda Prefiero regalarte música, aunque tu no la entiendas ... A mí me parece muy rara ...
Dacoda Strack's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
485 views

Where does the Future Subjunctive (subjuntivo futuro) tense come from?

I just realised that the subjunctive future tense is specific to Spanish and Portuguese (there's no such tense in French, Italian and Romanian) and I'm wondering where it comes from. The conjugation ...
iBug's user avatar
  • 1,285
6 votes
1 answer
12k views

When should the subjunctive be used after 'cuando'?

I thought that any statement after 'cuando' should be in the subjunctive tense if it implied anything other than habitual events or was used in a question, but wasn't sure if this is actually the case....
jaffa's user avatar
  • 163
5 votes
4 answers
497 views

What am I doing when I use the subjunctive?

If we limit our view to the present tense, how can I fill in the blanks succinctly? When I use the indicative mood, I am indicating that something happens. When I use the subjunctive mood, I ...
Gordon Gustafson's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
946 views

How to say "I wish I could go back to those days?" in Spanish using subjunctive?

I am learning about the subjunctive mood in Spanish, and I want to say "I wish I could go back to those days". Is Ojalá pueda volver a esos días. correct?
Curiouscase's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is it correct to say "No conozco a un chico que 'estudie' español" or shouldn't it be 'estudia'?

My teacher showed my class a sentence and asked us to conjugate the verb correctly: No conozco a un chico que [estudiar] español. I thought that the verb should be conjugated in the indicative (...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
3 answers
380 views

Imperfect Subjunctive for Politeness

I saw something very bizarre in one of my Spanish-English grammar books. They recommended the use of the imperfect subjunctive in independent clauses for politeness. I have asked as many native ...
Sebastian Pojman-Malo's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Subjunctive phrase "Es difícil que"

I am currently further increasing my knowledge of subjunctive form. I recently encountered this statement" Es difícil que ella hable. I have attempted to interpret this sentence into a couple of ...
sbswim's user avatar
  • 697
5 votes
3 answers
865 views

Subjuntivo: main clause present, subordinate in past

I'm currently on a quest to master the subjunctive and reading 'The Spanish Subjunctive: The Only Guide You will EVER need' (https://www.amazon.com/Spanish-Subjunctive-Only-Guide-will-ebook/dp/...
wujek's user avatar
  • 487
5 votes
2 answers
12k views

¿Es correcta la construcción "qué bueno que viniste"?

En distinos países de Hispanoamérica se utiliza la forma: ¡Qué bueno que viniste! Para decir qué bien que vinieras o qué bien que hayas venido. Al usar que viniste se utiliza el pretérito ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
5 votes
1 answer
795 views

¿Se debe usar el indicativo o el subjuntivo en esta pregunta?

Hace unos meses, se hizo esta pregunta: ¿Cuál es la palabra más larga en español que no repite ninguna letra? En un comentario pregunté si sería mejor usar el subjuntivo —es decir, emplear repita en ...
Michael Wolf's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
386 views

Doubling up on the imperfect subjunctive in counterfactuals

The other day on the radio I heard the old reggaeton song "Tu Príncipe." The chorus to this song goes: Si tú sintieras lo mismo que yo Estuvieras aquí conmigo Fueras mi novia y yo tu ...
Casey's user avatar
  • 171
5 votes
2 answers
220 views

Why is subjunctive used when talking about a fact?

I'm reading this article: ¿Qué hay realmente detrás de las multimillonarias donaciones de Jeff Bezos, Mark Zuckerberg y la nueva generación de filántropos tecnológicos? Towards the middle of the ...
Quang's user avatar
  • 99
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

¿De qué tipo de tipo de oración subordinada son "Sea lo que sea", "fuera lo que fuera", "haga lo que haga"?

Sea lo que sea, fuera lo que fuera, haga lo que haga ¿Cómo se llaman las construcciones de este tipo? ¿Hay algún término gramatical?
Ofelia's user avatar
  • 399
5 votes
2 answers
5k views

Es probable que + future tense

I was wondering if you want to say a sentence such as It is likely that he will continue to develop do you use 'Es probable que' with the future tense 'continuará' or the present subjunctive, '...
user11408's user avatar
  • 155
5 votes
1 answer
626 views

Subjunctive with "sospechar"

Do we use the subjunctive with sospechar, since it conveys doubt? Like in the sentence I suspect that he was the murderer would we say Sospecho que fuera el asesino or would we say ...
Froggos's user avatar
  • 503
5 votes
1 answer
357 views

Modo subjuntivo "¿Porque seas mayor crees que puedes comportarte así?"

Dos preguntas: ¿Porque seas mayor crees que puedes comportarte así? ¿Me podríais explicar el uso del subjuntivo aquí? La causa no va negada, entonces por qué va con el subjuntivo? ¿Cuál sería la ...
Aurora's user avatar
  • 1,193
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Subjunctive with "asegurar"

Should the subjunctive be used after the verb "asegurar que"? The sentence I am trying to write is "La policía no se aseguraron que el niño tuviera un arma autentico o que él fuera una amenaza." ...
Cindy Lou's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
98 views

Why aren't pronouns placed the same as affirmative imperative in negative imperative?

Pronouns are attached to the end of the conjugated verb in affirmative imperative: Vete (you leave) Vayámonos (Let's leave) But in negative imperative: No os vayais (you don't leave) No ...
iBug's user avatar
  • 1,285
5 votes
2 answers
553 views

¿Me podríais explicar por favor por qué en esta frase se emplea el subjuntivo?

Entonces se iba feliz a su casa para no seguir desafiando al azar, pero después se sentía enloquecer de ansiedad porque volvieran a ser todo el día las cinco de la tarde de todos los días. ...
Ofelia's user avatar
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