Questions tagged [pronombres]

Uso de pronombres (palabras cuyo referente no es fijo, sino determinado por el contexto u otros sustantivos ya usados en la frase). // Use of pronouns (words that refer to another noun previously mentioned in the sentence or inferred from the context).

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26
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1answer
3k views

All about datives, or: What's that funny "le" or "me" doing in there?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica This is a canonical question and answer about dative uses of le, les, me, nos, se, te and os that often confuse and confound the Spanish ...
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8answers
2k views

What is the role of the "le" in the sentence "Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo."?

The sentence: Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo. Translates into: Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (...
7
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2answers
963 views

Redundant indirect object pronoun: is "le" redundant in "preguntémosle al estúpido / a él"?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica In a movie scene from "Revenge" ("La Venganza", 1990, with Kevin Costner) the character Tiburón Méndez was discussing ...
20
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6answers
5k views

When should I use the word 'yo' in a sentence where the verb conjugation already shows that I am the subject?

Early on while I was learning Spanish, my teachers would always make us use the pronoun 'yo' even if it was redundant: Yo pienso que... Yo quiero... Yo hablo... etc. However, a more advanced ...
6
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3answers
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What exactly are the "passive se" and "impersonal se"?

Many materials for learning Spanish, discuss the "impersonal se" (e.g. ¿Se puede tocar esto?) and "passive se" (e.g. Se habla español.). What exactly are these forms grammatically? Is the se in both ...
40
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4answers
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Question words: "qué" versus "cuál"

English Often "qué" is translated to English as "what" and "cuál" is translated as "which." However, I know that this is not always the case. Here are some examples. (Please correct me if I am wrong.)...
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3answers
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Why is "Usted" grammatically a third person?

In English polite form of address is "You" which is second person singular and plural. In Russian it is "Вы" which is plural second person. In Spanish (and probably French and Italian) polite address ...
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4answers
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What is the etymology of the pronoun "usted"? What formal pronouns existed before?

What is the etymology of the pronoun "usted"? What formal pronouns existed before, and when did the current "usted" come into existence?
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9answers
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How do I ask someone not to call me "usted"?

Suppose you're in a situation where you have a formal/business relationship with someone, but the relationship has become more familiar over time. The other person continues to call you usted. How ...
8
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3answers
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"Leísmo de cortesía" and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
7
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6answers
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Personal pronouns: When to hook at the end of verb and when to keep separate?

I am learning Spanish with the Michel Thomas Method. I am a bit confused with when to put 'lo' at the start of a phrase and when to hook it on to the verb. For example: Why can't you do it that way? ¿...
4
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3answers
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Use of "me" in the phrase "me llevo este"

I would like to know what kind of word is "me" in the phrase "me llevo este" (meaning I'll take this one). Is it a reflexive verb? How can you tell? Thanks a lot.
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3answers
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How do I know whether to attach a direct object pronoun to the infinitive?

I often struggle to decide what sounds right when I need to use direct object pronouns. Lessons on these pronouns have not been much help because they teach that when using a direct object pronoun it ...
31
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14answers
39k views

'Vos' vs 'tú' usage by country

I lived for a while in Bolivia, and I noticed some people used "vos" instead of "tú" as the second person familiar singular pronoun. Which countries use "vos" instead of "tú", and are there any that ...
38
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8answers
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¿Cuál es la diferencia entre tú, usted y vos?

He oído las palabras "tú", "usted", y "vos", pero la traducción de todas esas palabras al inglés es la misma: "you". ¿Cuándo es mejor usar "tú" o "vos" en vez de "usted", o viceversa?
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5answers
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When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
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3answers
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¿Cuándo se debe acentuar el pronombre "este"?

Hace pocos días, en Meta de Stack Overflow en Español, alguien comentó que no debería corregir a alguien si yo cometo fallos en mi redacción. El ejemplo del que hablo: Bienvenida a SOesp. Éste es ...
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3answers
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What is "le" referring to in "preguntarle a las personas"?

In the sentence Vamos a preguntarle a las personas what is the "le" referring to specifically in "preguntarle"? I thought the pronoun refers to the direct object (in this case, the people). So ...
7
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2answers
1k views

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo?

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo? How common are they, and where are they primarily encountered?
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3answers
643 views

Syntax of the sentence ''Me voy''

"Me voy" means "I'm leaving". The subject of the verb "voy" is "yo" and it is omitted. Is the reflexive pronoun "me" the object of the verb? And if so, why is it essential to use "me" when the ...
9
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1answer
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Indirect object and "le"

La madre le lava la cara a la niña. In that sentence, why is the word "le" there? The sentence already has a indirect object ("a la niña"), but removing the "le" makes the sentence to sound unnatural....
7
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2answers
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What's the difference between "ti" and "te"?

I've heard both "ti" and "te" in learning Spanish, and I don't understand the difference. "Ti" I've heard in: ¿Y a ti? and "te" I've heard in ¿Te gusta ___? So what's the difference in how ...
6
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2answers
676 views

Etymology of "nada" and "nadie"

In English, the words to describe the total absence of anything or anybody (and other similar meanings) are nothing and nobody, whose etymologies are quite direct: "no thing" or "not any thing" and ...
6
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6answers
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How to handle the ambiguity of the verb "presentar", when both objects (DO and IO) are present?

Por ejemplo: Te voy a presentar a mi novia. How can one tell whether this should be translated as 'I am going to introduce you to my girlfriend' or 'I am going to introduce my girlfriend ...
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3answers
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Is Spain the only country that uses "vosotros" for "you all"?

Is Spain the only country that uses vosotros for you all (informal) instead of ustedes? (In the second-person perspective). Examples: Spain: Vosotros sois inteligentes. Other (?): Ustedes sois ...
8
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1answer
414 views

Agreeing with the complement not the subject: esto son, eso son, lo mejor son

There are times in Spanish when a linking verb agrees in number not with its subject but with its predicate complement. Lo mejor de la televisión son los avisos. La mejor televisión son los avisos. ...
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6answers
783 views

Gramática: "te veo los ojos"

I have few questions: In the example "Te veo los ojos", in English that is "I see your eyes". te=your, right? If I change the sentence to "Se veo los ojos", then it will become "I see his/her/its/...
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2answers
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What is the grammar behind "¡Hágale pues!"?

Can somebody explain the grammar behind this Colombian expression? Assuming it's the indirect object pronoun, to what or whom does the "le" refer? And why is it missing a direct object pronoun? Why ...
3
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2answers
634 views

llevar vs llevarse

I have heard the following sentence in the Narcos TV series: Si esos gringos se quieren llevar a todos los asesinos de ese país, que se los lleven. What is the purpose of the pronoun "se" in this ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Se les puso nerviosa - meaning of "les" [duplicate]

What does exactly "les" means in "Se les puso nerviosa"? Did she get angry with them, while with them or are they just concerned with the fact that she got angry ?
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3answers
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¿De qué manera funciona el "lo neutro"?

¿Qué es el "lo neutro"? ¿De qué manera funciona? ¿Cuáles son ejemplos del "lo neutro" en contexto? Mi maestro me dijo que debo buscar de qué manera funciona el "lo neutro"...
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6answers
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What does "lo" in "(no) lo es" refer to?

English: In this sentence, for example: El dinero no lo es todo en la vida. What does this "lo" refer to? Can it be omitted ("El dinero no es todo")? Español: En esta frase, por ejemplo: El ...
13
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1answer
587 views

Are there regions or dialects which use both "tú" and "vos"?

In my experience most places use either "tú" or "vos" for the second person singular intimate/informal pronoun. But I haven't been to every Spanish speaking country and area. Are there places which ...
12
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3answers
7k views

Why "a ti" and not just "ti"

I am very much a beginner when it comes to learning Spanish. I have turned my language settings for Facebook from English to Spanish so that I see the language regularly and I have noticed that the ...
5
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1answer
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Uso de "que" y "quien" cuando hablamos de la gente

Pensaba, que la palabra quien es usada siempre cuando hablamos de la gente, mientras que la palabra que se refiere a otros objetos. Sin embargo, cuando escribo en el google la frase la gente que ...
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2answers
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What is more conversational - "te lo digo" or "yo quiero decírtelo"?

I'm doing a Spanish grammar book, and in it I see one exercise, giving answer to questions. The grammar topic is dative/accusative cases in same sentence. I know there are no cases actually, but my ...
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3answers
10k views

When to use "lo" and "le"?

When to use 'lo' and 'le'? Someone told me that 'le' is used in Spain and 'lo' is used in Latín America. Is there a rule on when to use them?
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2answers
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¿Por qué los españoles usan la palabra "vosotros" pero los latinoamericanos no?

Soy un estudiante de español en los Estados Unidos de America. En mi clase, mi maestra enseñó que los españoles usan la palabra "vosotros" para situaciones informales, pero los ...
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1answer
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Uso de "Ellos" como pronombre singular en tercera persona

He leído un articulo (They as gender-neutral third-person singular personal pronoun) que habla sobre el uso de They como gender-neutral third-person singular personal pronoun en la lengua inglesa. Y ...
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2answers
7k views

When does one replace "le/les" with the pronoun "se"?

When are the object pronouns le/les replaced with se?
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2answers
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¿Es correcta la fórmula "estimados todos"?

Últimamente veo mucho usar la fórmula Estimados todos: en los encabezados de algunas cartas. ¿Es correcta dicha fórmula? En principio, lo sería si "todos" se usara como sustantivo, pero los ...
4
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2answers
432 views

Is there a difference in meaning between "echar un vistazo a" and "echarle un vistazo a"?

I was recently watching a Spanish language video that included the phrase "echarle un vistazo a." It made me wonder if the "le" was required or optional. Once I found evidence that both seem to be ...
4
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3answers
765 views

In "Ella les cocina a ustedes" why is "les" used when "ustedes" is used later on?

Given this sentence: Ella les cocina a ustedes Why is "les" used when "ustedes" is used later on? Is this not redundant? Why would "ustedes" be used further on if "les" is already in use?
4
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1answer
633 views

El pronombre de objeto directo en la oración "yo te llamo a ti" es obligatorio u opcional?

La oración Yo te llamo a ti ¿sería también correcta como Yo llamo a ti sin "te"? ¿Por qué?
4
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1answer
227 views

Los valores de SE

Encontré unas preguntas cuando estuve haciendo los ejercicios sobre los valores de SE. ¿Podrían ayudarme? SE le trató muy bien. (Creí que es Verbo Pronominal por tratarse, pero la correcta es, ¿"...
3
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2answers
188 views

La diferencia entre “se te mueve” y “se mueve”

“La clave de este ejercicio es que el vientre se te mueva con esfuerzo.” ¿Por qué se necesita te? se mueve ya está reflexivo...
2
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1answer
186 views

¿Por qué decimos "se me acerca/parece" o "se le acerca/parece", pero no "*te le acerco" o "*me le acercas"?

Esta pregunta me surgió leyendo esta respuesta en la que se cita este fragmento del apartado 16.14i de la Nueva gramática de la lengua española: No se duplican necesariamente los complementos ...
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2answers
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¿Es incorrecto usar "los" en lugar de "os" o "les"?

En la pregunta ¿Qué significa "os"? se dan un par de ejemplos en que en lugar de "os" se puede usar "les", pero nunca se habla de "los", que es como habitualmente usamos en donde vivo. ¿Es incorrecto ...
8
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1answer
748 views

Conmigo, contigo, consigo... connusco, convusco?

In addition to the pronouns conmigo, contigo, consigo there are the antiquated forms connusco, and convusco. These forms have been seen as outdated since at least as far back as 16111, having competed ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of "que" and "cual" without an accent mark?

What does "que" and "cual" mean without an accent mark? How do they compare when to each other? How do they compare to their accent-marked form?