Questions tagged [ortografía]

Deletreo, puntuación, uso de tildes, etc. // Correct spelling, punctuation, use of accent/diacritical marks, etc.

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Why is the “H” in Hector pronounced?

The letter "H" is usually (always?) silent in Spanish. So why is the name "Hector" pronounced "Heck-ter" and not "Eck-ter"? Or is "Hector" an anglicization of the spelling of a name which is really "...
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3answers
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Veinte y * vs. Veinti*

Which is more commonly used to say twenty-two? veinte y dos or veintidós I know for numbers above 30 that the first example is always the case. I am also wondering about 16-19.
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How to properly write “deplano”?

There's a popular (and probably exclusively) guatemalan expression: deplano or de plano; meaning probably or surely, analogue to seguramente. Example (provided for completion purposes): -¿Dónde ...
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1answer
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¿Existe una regla para el uso de mayúsculas en títulos?

Cuando escribo títulos en español, lo hago normalmente usando las reglas de Oxford, pero algunas características solo se aplican al inglés. ¿Existe una guía para escribir títulos de artículos, ...
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¿Es correcto escribir “e” en vez de “he”?

Al usar el préterito perfecto compuesto ("Yo he conseguido"), ¿es correcto poner "e" en vez de "he"? La frase sería "Yo e conseguido". Temo que sea correcto. Al hablarse, supestamente el "h" está ...
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3answers
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Do all Spanish sentences start with a capital letter?

I use Google to translate phrases in my iPad app; when I have a phrase that starts with a capital letter in English, Google translates the phrase but starts with a lower-case letter. Is this ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between “No puedo comer” and “No puedo como”?

I thought that you were supposed to use the conjugated version of comer when referring to the subject, but I see sentences formed like the first example. So what is the difference between both ...
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1answer
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How to pluralize “sexy”?

The anglicism sexy is accepted in Spanish, as you know (in the DLE it shows as adj. sexi. U. t. c. s. m.) When it's an adjective, how is its plural supposed to be built? X persona tiene ojos sexy(...
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2answers
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¿Valdurán o baldurán?

Primero un poco de contexto. En mi región, León (España), tenemos la expresión familiar ser un baldurán. Un baldurán es una persona que no se preocupa de sus asuntos con la debida atención. Otra ...
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1answer
400 views

How to hispanicize (rather unknown) German toponyms with umlaut?

If one is interested in proper names in German, like München or Zürich, one easily knows the Spanish translation, and if not, one goes to Wikipedia and finds the translation. But what to do with ...
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2answers
334 views

Information or resources on the correct use of “a”/prepositions with infinitive verbs

When constructing sentences I am not certain whether or not to use "a" prior to an infinitive. Considering the infinitive itself means - to ____ : To my understanding "Voy a leer" - I go to read ...
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Fecho fermoso y otras f más

Esta es una pregunta sobre fonética en el castellano antiguo. Leyendo el Quijote se puede ver que "hacer" se escribía "facer" antiguamente, al igual que muchas otras "h" se escibían como "f", esto ...
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1answer
511 views

Capitalization of 'LL' [duplicate]

When capitalizing, such as in a song title, which is the proper form of capitalization? I have seen both: LLueve en Mi Llueve en Mi
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2answers
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¿Cuál es la palabra correcta, “membresía” o “membrecía”?

¿Cuál es la forma correcta de escribir la siguiente palabra: membresía o membrecía, según las normas de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española? Según el Diccionario panhispánico de dudas de la RAE (...
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2answers
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¿Cuándo quitaron los acentos de las palabras como “fué”?

He leído que hace años la RAE cambiaron las reglas para quitar las tildes de las palabras como fué, dió, etc. ¿Cuándo pasó eso? ¿Por qué hizo este cambio la RAE? ¿Cuáles fueron las palabras afectadas?
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¿Se escribe “satisfactibilidad” o "satisfacibilidad?

En teoría de computación se habla del Problema de satisfacibilidad booleana. En inglés se llama “satisfiability problem”, y se trata de determinar si una fórmula lógica se puede o no satisfacer. Sin ...
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2answers
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¿Se escribe Gobierno español o gobierno español?

¿Se escribe Gobierno español o gobierno español? La verdad, que si es Gobierno de España, estoy seguro que todo debe de escribirse con inicial mayúsculas. Pero cuando uso el gentilicio no sé si ...
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¿Cuál palabra es “ouo”?

Leyendo una edición antigua de Las Sergas de Esplandian, me encontré una palabra que no pude entender. Aquí lo muestro con imagen: Transcrito al alfabeto moderno, se lee: Sabed que ala diestra ...
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2answers
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Tildes sobre las letras mayúsculas

¿Cuál es la regla acerca del uso de las tildes sobre las letras mayúsculas? ¿Cuándo se debe ponerlas y cuándo no? ¿Y la regla siempre ha sido igual, o es algo que ha cambiado en el pasado?
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Why is búho written with an acute accent? / ¿Por qué lleva acento la palabra “búho”?

¿Por qué lleva acento la palabra "búho"? ¿Hay alguna razón porque la que la palabra "búho" lleve acento? ¿Hay alguna regla ortográfica que lo determine? Estoy acostumbrado a los acentos sobre la e, ...
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1answer
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¿Cómo escribo el subjuntivo presente de 'adelgazar'?

Según el sitio conjugation.org, el subjuntivo presente del verbo adelgazar es: yo adelgaze tú adelgazes él/usted adelgaze nosotros adelgazemos vosotros adelgazéis ellos/ustedes adelgazen ...
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736 views

¿Cómo debo usar “?” al final de una pregunta citada?

Hace poco pregunté ¿Qué significa 'va' en "Nos vemos después, ¿va?" y el título me hizo pensar en esta: Cuando estoy citando una pregunta, ¿cómo debo usar el ? ...
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¿Cuándo se le pone tilde a más? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Difference between “mas” and “más” The question is quite simple. When does mas have an accent? Mas can mean more but it has other meanings as well. Can someone explain ...
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6answers
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Is “$5 pesos” proper form in Spanish?

Today I saw a bus stop advertisement that read $5 pesos hacen la diferencia. Is this proper form? In English, that would be incorrect and redundant. "$5 dollars" would read as "5 dollars dollars"...
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3answers
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What's the origin of words ending in the letter “j”?

What's the origin/etymology of these words? The only one that I know and it is common is reloj. Are there any others recognized by the RAE?
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11answers
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What is the longest word in Spanish?

What is the longest word in Spanish accepted by the Real Academia Española? What about words not officially accepted by the RAE? ¿Cuál es la palabra en español más larga aceptada por la Real Academia ...
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1answer
785 views

How are words with “ps” or “pt” pronounced?

Here are a few examples: psicología ptosis Ptolomeo Interestingly "sicología" is also found in the RAE but most of the time I've seen it written as "psicología". How are they pronounced?...
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Are there other words in Spanish that can't be written? (like sal-le)

Recently, I learned that there is at least one Spanish word that can be pronounced but not written. It is the imperative form of 'salirle'. It is pronounced as 'sal-le' and the written form should ...
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2answers
322 views

Why, when, and how did vowels E and I get special treatment from consonants like C,G & Q?

I think this question may involve more than Spanish, and may include Romance languages or even Latin. I wonder why, when, and how did vowels E and I get special treatment from consonants like C, G, ...
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5answers
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When is uppercase used in English but lowercase in Spanish?

There are many cases where English uses capital letters (e.g. January) but Spanish uses lowercase (e.g. enero). Grammar or orthography books have long lists of all the cases where capital letters are ...
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3answers
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Is the country México or Méjico?

Is the name of the country south of the United States spelled México or Méjico? Which is the official name of the country in English and Spanish? When is each version used?
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1answer
225 views

What is the etymology of the “diéresis” or “crema”?

This entry of the Diccionario panhispánico de dudas explains the uses of the diéresis or crema (the ¨ mark) in Spanish (it is mandatory over a u to indicate that this vowel must be pronounced in the ...
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3answers
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When does sólo have an accent? / ¿Cuándo debe llevar tilde la palabra “solo”?

When does the word solo have an accent (tilde) on the first o (sólo)? When does it not? ¿Cuándo debe llevar tilde la palabra solo?
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8answers
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What is the symbol “&” called in Spanish?

The symbol & is a representation of the Latin word et (see DPD, Appendix 4). Wikipedia claims that the symbol itself is called et; however, the DRAE's entry for et doesn't list the symbol as a ...
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2answers
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Dash and hyphen usage in Spanish

English uses at least two types of dashes (en dash and em dash) along with hyphens, and there are (fairly complex, in my opinion) rules on when and how each should be used. What types of dashes or ...
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1answer
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Quotation mark usage in Spanish

In English, we have double quotation marks (") and single quotation marks ('). Spanish adds angular quotation marks (« »). What is the official rule for which type of mark should be used when in ...
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1answer
952 views

Is it acceptable to leave out the inverted punctuation marks?

Is it acceptable to leave out inverted question marks and exclamation points (¿ ¡) from questions and exclamatory sentences? I ask this because some computers and other devices I use won't let me add ...
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1answer
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When to use 'o' and 'ó'

I've seen the conjunction o both with and without an accent mark. What are the rules for when the accent ought to be used?
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1answer
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Is there a Spanish equivalent for '(sic)'?

In English, when you quote text or speech that you know has nonstandard usage, such as misspellings or nonstandard grammar, it is typical to use '(sic)' to indicate that you know what you're quoting ...
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2answers
696 views

Why is a comma used before a “y” in some cases?

I was taught that a comma must be used this way. One (of many other uses) is when you want to enumerate a list of items you have to use the comma and before the last element of the list the comma ...
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2answers
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Why is Usted sometimes abbreviated as Vd. instead of Ud.? Is there any difference in usage between the two?

I've noticed that the word Usted can be abbreviated at least 2 ways, the most common of which being Ud. and Vd. to my knowledge. I see how Ud. makes perfect sense, but why is a V used instead of a U ...
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Why is “Enrique” pronunced as though it has a double “r”?

Why is "Enrique", even though its 'r' position is at the middle of a word, pronounced as a double "r"? What are the orthographic rules you need to know to determine if an "r" must be pronounced as a ...
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4answers
990 views

“Guion” vs “Guión” - Are there other words which could be written in multiple ways?

My dictionary uses guión while Wikipedia writes guion. I tried Google ngram and was nearly convinced that Wikipedia was wrong because nobody else seems to use that spelling today. I was really ...
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3answers
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Historical pronunciation of letters “b” and “v”

In another question, a Wikipedia article was quoted saying: The letters ⟨b⟩ and ⟨v⟩ were originally simply known as be and ve. However, there is no longer any distinction between the sounds of ...
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4answers
19k views

The letter “k” in Spanish

The letter "k" is rarely seen in Spanish. What is the origin of Spanish words containing a k? Are most recent loanwords from modern languages, influences from older languages (Latin or Greek), or of ...
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2answers
255 views

Are there any true nouns containing a hyphen in the Spanish language?

In this Spanish Wikipedia: about Guion ortográfico I found mentioned Separar algunas palabras compuestas. but there are no examples given. Are these foreign words or are there proper examples in ...
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4answers
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Was “rr” ever considered officially a letter of the Spanish alphabet?

Everybody agrees that the Spanish digraphs "ch" and "ll" used to be officially separate "letters" up to the time the RAE changed the rules of Spanish alphabetization in 1994. But when it comes to the ...
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2answers
391 views

Is the use of @ instead of 'a' or 'o' in order to refer to both masculine and feminine accepted?

I have seen several times the use of @ instead of 'a' or 'o' for referring to masculine and feminine words at the same time. For example: Hola a tod@s. Is this an accepted use?
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3answers
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Forma correcta de “nisiquiera”

Español Al escribir siempre he tenido la duda de cuál es la manera apropiada del término o frase. ¿Cuál de estas es correcta? ni si quiera ni siquiera nisiquiera  English When writing I've always ...
18
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3answers
8k views

Proper placement of inverted question mark

What is the proper placement of the inverted question mark in sentences that are not completely questions? A common example: Hello, how are you? (¿)Hola, (¿)cómo estás? Or: That's great, ...