Questions tagged [ortografía]

Deletreo, puntuación, uso de tildes, etc. // Correct spelling, punctuation, use of accent/diacritical marks, etc.

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87
votes
13answers
10k views

How important are accents in written Spanish?

English I notice that native Spanish speakers often leave off accents in writing. Outside the context of edited material, it almost seems like accent pedantry is the sign of someone who has learned ...
67
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5answers
10k views

Origin and usage of “¿” and “¡”

I was wondering what the reason is that the inverted exclamation mark ¡ and the inverted question mark ¿ were introduced into the Spanish language and not into most other languages. Any explanations ...
44
votes
2answers
18k views

Why is the “X” in 'México' or 'Texas' pronunced as the letter “J”? / ¿Por qué la “X” de palabras como “México” o “Texas” se pronuncian como “J”?

English Even as a native speaker I don't know the reason of this: Why is the "X" in 'México', 'Texas' or 'Xavier' pronunced as the letter "J"? Español Aunque el español es mi primera lengua, no sé ...
35
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4answers
2k views

Are there other words in Spanish that can't be written? (like sal-le)

Recently, I learned that there is at least one Spanish word that can be pronounced but not written. It is the imperative form of 'salirle'. It is pronounced as 'sal-le' and the written form should ...
25
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5answers
27k views

When is uppercase used in English but lowercase in Spanish?

There are many cases where English uses capital letters (e.g. January) but Spanish uses lowercase (e.g. enero). Grammar or orthography books have long lists of all the cases where capital letters are ...
22
votes
8answers
11k views

What is the symbol “&” called in Spanish?

The symbol & is a representation of the Latin word et (see DPD, Appendix 4). Wikipedia claims that the symbol itself is called et; however, the DRAE's entry for et doesn't list the symbol as a ...
22
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between: “aquel” and “aquél”

I see both "aquel" and "aquél" used in similar context and was wondering if there is any difference in meaning of those two words.
22
votes
1answer
887 views

Revisions of Spanish orthography / ¿Qué revisiones ha tenido la ortografía española?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica Recent repeals of long-standing orthographic rules in Spanish have gotten me curious. I know of the latest revision, dated 2010. I know ...
22
votes
2answers
392 views

Is the use of @ instead of 'a' or 'o' in order to refer to both masculine and feminine accepted?

I have seen several times the use of @ instead of 'a' or 'o' for referring to masculine and feminine words at the same time. For example: Hola a tod@s. Is this an accepted use?
20
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3answers
9k views

When is it written with and without accent: porqué/porque/por qué? / ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre “porque”, “porqué”, “por que” y “por qué”?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica Can anybody explain to me when each of this variations of "porque" should be used? ¿Puede alguien explicar cuáles son las diferencias ...
20
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3answers
1k views

Why is búho written with an acute accent? / ¿Por qué lleva acento la palabra “búho”? [duplicate]

¿Por qué lleva acento la palabra "búho"? ¿Hay alguna razón porque la que la palabra "búho" lleve acento? ¿Hay alguna regla ortográfica que lo determine? Estoy acostumbrado a los acentos sobre la e, ...
19
votes
7answers
27k views

¿Por qué el español se pronuncia como se escribe?

¿Por qué el español, a diferencia de otros lenguajes como el inglés, se escribe como se pronuncia (o se pronuncia como se escribe)? En mis tiempos de estudiante, durante una clase de lengua salió ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

Why is “Enrique” pronunced as though it has a double “r”?

Why is "Enrique", even though its 'r' position is at the middle of a word, pronounced as a double "r"? What are the orthographic rules you need to know to determine if an "r" must be pronounced as a ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

“Guion” vs “Guión” - Are there other words which could be written in multiple ways?

My dictionary uses guión while Wikipedia writes guion. I tried Google ngram and was nearly convinced that Wikipedia was wrong because nobody else seems to use that spelling today. I was really ...
18
votes
3answers
8k views

Proper placement of inverted question mark

What is the proper placement of the inverted question mark in sentences that are not completely questions? A common example: Hello, how are you? (¿)Hola, (¿)cómo estás? Or: That's great, ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Was “rr” ever considered officially a letter of the Spanish alphabet?

Everybody agrees that the Spanish digraphs "ch" and "ll" used to be officially separate "letters" up to the time the RAE changed the rules of Spanish alphabetization in 1994. But when it comes to the ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

¿Cuál palabra es “ouo”?

Leyendo una edición antigua de Las Sergas de Esplandian, me encontré una palabra que no pude entender. Aquí lo muestro con imagen: Transcrito al alfabeto moderno, se lee: Sabed que ala diestra ...
15
votes
3answers
188k views

Forma correcta de “nisiquiera”

Español Al escribir siempre he tenido la duda de cuál es la manera apropiada del término o frase. ¿Cuál de estas es correcta? ni si quiera ni siquiera nisiquiera  English When writing I've always ...
14
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3answers
45k views

Do I have to use upside down question marks (¿) in an article title?

I have a short article, the title is What time is it now? Can I just write Qué hora es ahora? Or must I write this? ¿Qué hora es ahora?
14
votes
1answer
3k views

How to pluralize “sexy”?

The anglicism sexy is accepted in Spanish, as you know (in the DLE it shows as adj. sexi. U. t. c. s. m.) When it's an adjective, how is its plural supposed to be built? X persona tiene ojos sexy(...
14
votes
1answer
958 views

Is it acceptable to leave out the inverted punctuation marks?

Is it acceptable to leave out inverted question marks and exclamation points (¿ ¡) from questions and exclamatory sentences? I ask this because some computers and other devices I use won't let me add ...
13
votes
11answers
5k views

What is the longest word in Spanish?

What is the longest word in Spanish accepted by the Real Academia Española? What about words not officially accepted by the RAE? ¿Cuál es la palabra en español más larga aceptada por la Real Academia ...
13
votes
1answer
70k views

¿Existe una regla para el uso de mayúsculas en títulos?

Cuando escribo títulos en español, lo hago normalmente usando las reglas de Oxford, pero algunas características solo se aplican al inglés. ¿Existe una guía para escribir títulos de artículos, ...
13
votes
2answers
6k views

Why is Usted sometimes abbreviated as Vd. instead of Ud.? Is there any difference in usage between the two?

I've noticed that the word Usted can be abbreviated at least 2 ways, the most common of which being Ud. and Vd. to my knowledge. I see how Ud. makes perfect sense, but why is a V used instead of a U ...
13
votes
2answers
281k views

¿Cuál es la palabra correcta, “membresía” o “membrecía”?

¿Cuál es la forma correcta de escribir la siguiente palabra: membresía o membrecía, según las normas de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española? Según el Diccionario panhispánico de dudas de la RAE (...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the origin of words ending in the letter “j”?

What's the origin/etymology of these words? The only one that I know and it is common is reloj. Are there any others recognized by the RAE?
13
votes
1answer
3k views

¿Cómo se deben escribir en español las palabras que se escriben acortadas para simular el habla?

Aquí en Andalucía somos muy de comernos la mitad de las palabras, con ejemplos como "y to pa na" (y todo para nada). Sin embargo, siempre he tenido la duda de cómo reflejar esto en la expresión ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

¿Es correcto llamar “acento” a una tilde?

Hice unas ediciones a una publicación modificando las referencias a los acentos para usar el término tilde. 1- Se utiliza por qué formado por dos palabras y acento tilde para preguntas. Yo asumía (...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

¿Cuándo se usa “aparte” y cuándo “a parte”?

Escribí una respuesta hace poco y Gorpik me corrigió una frase: Bromas a parte, sí tiene diferencia, aunque no mucha. Dejándola (correctamente) en: Bromas aparte, sí tiene diferencia, aunque no ...
12
votes
2answers
26k views

¿Cuándo quitaron los acentos de las palabras como “fué”?

He leído que hace años la RAE cambiaron las reglas para quitar las tildes de las palabras como fué, dió, etc. ¿Cuándo pasó eso? ¿Por qué hizo este cambio la RAE? ¿Cuáles fueron las palabras afectadas?
12
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3answers
6k views

Is there a pair of Spanish words that only differ in a diaeresis over “u”?

As user @pablodf76 said in an answer to another question: Leaving out the accent marks seldom produces confusion, but it may pose a problem in some cases. Sí ("yes") vs. si ("if") is one notorious ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Historical pronunciation of letters “b” and “v”

In another question, a Wikipedia article was quoted saying: The letters ⟨b⟩ and ⟨v⟩ were originally simply known as be and ve. However, there is no longer any distinction between the sounds of ...
12
votes
4answers
20k views

The letter “k” in Spanish

The letter "k" is rarely seen in Spanish. What is the origin of Spanish words containing a k? Are most recent loanwords from modern languages, influences from older languages (Latin or Greek), or of ...
12
votes
2answers
255 views

Are there any true nouns containing a hyphen in the Spanish language?

In this Spanish Wikipedia: about Guion ortográfico I found mentioned Separar algunas palabras compuestas. but there are no examples given. Are these foreign words or are there proper examples in ...
12
votes
1answer
9k views

When to use 'o' and 'ó'

I've seen the conjunction o both with and without an accent mark. What are the rules for when the accent ought to be used?
11
votes
3answers
464 views

Are there dialectal differences in spelling in Spanish?

In some languages, there are different spelling standards in different major dialects. For example: British English / American English colour, aluminium / color, aluminum Catalan / Valencian ...
11
votes
2answers
10k views

¿Está permitido usar el símbolo de dos puntos dos veces en una frase?

A veces me ha pasado que estoy redactando un texto, y me encuentro en la tesitura de querer poner dos veces el símbolo de "dos puntos" (:) en una frase. Por poner un ejemplo (recién inventado): Y ...
11
votes
2answers
335 views

¿Cómo escribir varios nombres con el mismo apellido?

¿Cómo podría escribir estos nombres sin perder los nombres individuales? Melina Alvárez, Celina Alvárez, Betty Alvárez, Luis Alvárez y Héctor Barquero Se podría escribir: Melina, Celina, ...
10
votes
3answers
9k views

When does sólo have an accent? / ¿Cuándo debe llevar tilde la palabra “solo”?

When does the word solo have an accent (tilde) on the first o (sólo)? When does it not? ¿Cuándo debe llevar tilde la palabra solo?
10
votes
2answers
16k views

¿Por qué la palabra “ataúd” lleva acento?

Me confunde la ortografía de la palabra "ataúd". Las reglas ortográficas del idioma español (o sea, las reglas que sé) sugieren que no debamos poner un acento en esta palabra. Entonces, ¿por qué lo ...
10
votes
1answer
786 views

How are words with “ps” or “pt” pronounced?

Here are a few examples: psicología ptosis Ptolomeo Interestingly "sicología" is also found in the RAE but most of the time I've seen it written as "psicología". How are they pronounced?...
10
votes
1answer
710 views

¿Desde cuándo tenemos las actuales reglas de acentuación?

En el DPD podemos encontrar las reglas de acentuación bajo la entrada de tilde: 1.1. Polisílabos. La acentuación gráfica de las palabras de más de una sílaba se atiene a las reglas siguientes: ...
10
votes
6answers
4k views

Is “$5 pesos” proper form in Spanish?

Today I saw a bus stop advertisement that read $5 pesos hacen la diferencia. Is this proper form? In English, that would be incorrect and redundant. "$5 dollars" would read as "5 dollars dollars"...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Proper spelling of “beisbol”

I had the privilege of attending the 2011 Panamerican Games last month, and went to the brand new baseball stadium in Lagos de Moreno. The stadium said in big letters: Estadio de Beisbol My ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a Spanish equivalent for '(sic)'?

In English, when you quote text or speech that you know has nonstandard usage, such as misspellings or nonstandard grammar, it is typical to use '(sic)' to indicate that you know what you're quoting ...
9
votes
2answers
9k views

Dash and hyphen usage in Spanish

English uses at least two types of dashes (en dash and em dash) along with hyphens, and there are (fairly complex, in my opinion) rules on when and how each should be used. What types of dashes or ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does the Spanish alphabet include “k”?

As this question points out, every Spanish word containing "k" is a loan word. Since Spanish already has "qu" to represent the same sound, why not simply omit the letter k? As I understand Spanish has ...
9
votes
1answer
7k views

Quotation mark usage in Spanish

In English, we have double quotation marks (") and single quotation marks ('). Spanish adds angular quotation marks (« »). What is the official rule for which type of mark should be used when in ...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

Preguntas dentro de preguntas: ¿Debemos escribir doble signo de interrogación al transcribir una pregunta dentro de otra pregunta?

Consideremos el siguiente ejemplo: ¿Quieres que le pregunte directamente... ¿Cuántos años tienes?? Se explica por sí solo. ¿Debemos escribir doble signo de interrogación cuando queremos, por ...
9
votes
1answer
613 views

¿De qué manera debo escribir en un texto en castellano un nombre que proviene del ruso? (Tildes)

Estoy escribiendo un trabajo que trata sobre los espacios de Sóbolev, debido a Serguéi Sóbolev, que en ruso se escribe Серге́й Льво́вич Со́болев. La pregunta es bastante simple, ¿Debo escribirlos con ...

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