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Questions tagged [infinitivo]

Preguntas sobre el uso del infinitivo verbal. Questions about the infinitive (the form of the verb that appears in bold type at the beginning of an entry in a dictionary). It's the form of the verb that's not conjugated. Infinitives end in *-ar, -er*, or *-ir*. Examples: *pintar, meter, escribir.*

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How do I know whether to attach a direct object pronoun to the infinitive?

I often struggle to decide what sounds right when I need to use direct object pronouns. Lessons on these pronouns have not been much help because they teach that when using a direct object pronoun it ...
aedia λ's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
3k views

"Iros" instead of "idos" (imperative of verb "ir")

I have heard many times the use of the infinitive instead of the imperative in Spanish with the verb "ir". For example: Si me queréis, *irse (Instead of: Si me queréis, váyanse) [Famous quote of ...
Juanillo's user avatar
  • 958
14 votes
2 answers
113 views

¿Cómo se pronunciaban infinitivos ligados a pronombres con doble ele?

En el Quijote hay varios ejemplos de infinitivos ligados a pronombres con doble ele: ...jurando de ir a buscar al valeroso don Quijote de la Mancha y contalle punto por punto lo que había pasado... .....
Ian Mackinnon's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why do the verbs in Spanish only end in "ar, er, ir"?

As we know, language is changing with time. Could anyone explain it in the historic point? Why the verbs in Spanish only end in "ar, er, ir"? Do "-ar, -er, -ir" have special ...
solo joker's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
12k views

When to add prepositions before an infinitive verb (por/para/a/de)?

With the infinitive form of a verb in English, (e.g. to speak), the word 'to' seems to convey a specific meaning where, in Spanish, an additional preposition is used in some cases. Examples: I can ...
jasonmcclurg's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

"haber cuéntame" = "so, tell me". Why is it translated like this?

The verb haber has always confused me in its infinitive form. So in this construct of haber cuéntame, I see it is translated as "so, tell me". I have just memorized that, but it makes no ...
Paul W's user avatar
  • 93
7 votes
4 answers
607 views

Multiple verbs with different agents

When a sentence contains two verbs with different agents must they be separated by a conjunction (e.g. que)? Or, can the second verb be in the infinitive? For example, in the following sentence the ...
psowden's user avatar
  • 115
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

When do I need to use "para" before an infinitive vs. just using the infinitive?

For example, if I wanted to say "It's horrible to hear that" would I say "Es horrible para oír eso" or "Es horrible oír eso"? And why?
JacoboElEstudiante's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

'Infinitivo compuesto' to express actions in the past which did not happen?

In my book 'Gramática de uso del Español C1-C2', unit 71 is dedicated to infinitivo, and there are two sentences using infinitivo compuesto: ¿No queréis ir? Haberlo pensado antes. ¿Que estás cansado? ...
wujek's user avatar
  • 487
5 votes
2 answers
4k views

Does a verb following "por" and "para" always need to be in the infinitive?

I am trying to learn the uses of por and para. Whilst doing so I have noticed (maybe incorrectly) that verbs following por or para seem to pretty much be in the infinitive form. Is my observation ...
mHelpMe's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
537 views

En "hacer dormir a un recien nacido", ¿qué es "dormir" sintácticamente?

En la frase "yo hago tareas" , si entiendo correctamente, "tareas" es el objeto directo de la oración. ¿Qué pasa cuando el verbo "hacer" en lugar de recibir un sustantivo recibe un verbo, como en la ...
Pablo's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
327 views

Subject Pronouns With Infinitives

Is it proper to use a subject pronoun with an infinitive as used below? El perro hizo que su padre se bajara del sillón para poder sentarse él. I saw this exact sentence on a social media post, but ...
Sebastian Pojman-Malo's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
228 views

El infinitivo como sustantivo, ¿se debe usar con o sin artículo?

Cuando usamos el infinitivo de un verbo como sustantivo, ¿es propio usar un articulo o es opcional? Por ejemplo: Nadar es saludable. vs. El nadar es saludable.
Vero's user avatar
  • 453
5 votes
2 answers
234 views

¿Los infinitivos son sustantivos?

I am trying to understand if the infinitive of a verb can always function as a noun. For example, take the verb cancelar (to cancel), the noun is cancela. The infinitive cancelar acts as a noun: ...
sf_admin's user avatar
  • 581
5 votes
1 answer
612 views

Using the verb Haber in its infinitive form

When is it correct to use the infinitive form of the verb Haber? I see the infinitive used from time to time, but the documentation I found is about the conjugated forms of its use, and have yet to ...
sf_admin's user avatar
  • 581
5 votes
1 answer
230 views

Preposición + sujeto + infinitivo

¿Usan ustedes, o se usan en sus dialectos, expresiones del tipo preposición + sujeto + infinitivo (donde la preposición es generalmente de o para)? ¿Qué reglas siguen? Acabo de ver una referencia a ...
pablodf76's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
314 views

Infinitive as finite implied form?

Recently I saw the following sentence in a dictionary, along with its English translation: El pájaro salió volando antes de poder verlo bien. The bird flew away before I could get a good look at it. ...
MrVocabulary's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
3k views

¿Qué es lo correcto, "Dejar de verte" o "Dejarte de ver"?

Un uso posible de la frase sería: Es muy difícil que quiera dejarte de ver.
arclight's user avatar
  • 143
4 votes
3 answers
208 views

When to pronounce/write the final consonant in infinitive/imperative?

I know that in Spanish, there are occasions when the consonant at the end of the infinitive or imperative can be elided, both in pronounciation and in writing, but I'm having trouble finding ...
tejóncontesón's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
516 views

"In my own words"

In English when I'm learning something new and complex from a patient teacher, I often like to try to repeat a part of what the teacher told me in my own words. In English, I might say something like ...
capet's user avatar
  • 535
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

When is "a" needed before an infinitive?

For example, why is the "a" needed in "vamos a comer"? Why isn't it just "vamos comer"?
Caleb Koch's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
601 views

Redundant attachment of indirect object pronouns to infinitives

edit: It seems I wrote my examples wrong. I wanted to write: Quiero comermelo (I want to eat it) Quiero comerlo (I want to eat it) I sometimes see that indirect object pronouns are attached to ...
srhat's user avatar
  • 95
3 votes
2 answers
588 views

Is it correct that a noun can be followed by an infinitive?

I have been learning Spanish for 2 years now, and have consistently seen that the infinitive form of the verb can only exist: * after a preposition, or * after another verb. For me this has been a ...
PhilW's user avatar
  • 235
3 votes
2 answers
5k views

"Gracias por venir" y "gracias por haber venido" [duplicate]

¿Son equivalentes estas expresiones? He visto que la construcción con infinitivo se usa intercambiablemente con la de haber + pasado participio.
Schwale's user avatar
  • 5,608
3 votes
2 answers
418 views

Information or resources on the correct use of "a"/prepositions with infinitive verbs

When constructing sentences I am not certain whether or not to use "a" prior to an infinitive. Considering the infinitive itself means - to ____ : To my understanding "Voy a leer" - I go to read ...
Michael P's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
251 views

¿Cuál es el papel del infinitivo en una frase con pasiva refleja?

En una frase como esta: Es una nieve que no se ve caer, más bien es una nieve que solo se ve desaparecer. Supongo que esta construcción es correcta —mi intuición me dice que lo es—. Pero ¿cuál es ...
Cerulean's user avatar
  • 431
3 votes
2 answers
126 views

Imperative using infinitive verb

I was wondering if it is possible to ask someone to do something by simply using infinitive form of verb with direct object/indirect object pronoun attached and without using any other words? Or you ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 2,037
2 votes
2 answers
127 views

Should I use gerund here or the infinitive?

I want to say: Learning spanish is hard. I figure I can say: Aprendiendo español es muy dura. or Aprender español es muy dura. Or are they both appropriate? Google translate gives me the latter ...
munchschair's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
508 views

¿Qué función sintáctica tiene "atrapar" en la frase "Atrapar pelotas es divertido"?

Supongo que en la frase "Atrapar pelotas es divertido" , pelotas "es el sujeto, es es el verbo, y divertido, si entiendo bien, sería un complemento predicativo. Ahora, ¿qué función ...
Pablo's user avatar
  • 3,250
2 votes
1 answer
298 views

Infinitive of an -se verb

I came across this sentence from a book: Hoy tenemos mucho estrés; es mejor tener calma que desesperarse. Why isn't it desesperarnos? I think it should be -nos because I have also seen No ...
Tunococ's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
2 answers
151 views

Infinitive instead of past participle in Maná's "El Verdadero Amor Perdona"

In Maná's song "El Verdadero Amor Perdona" one of the verses contains the lines: Cómo pude haberte yo herido / engañarte y ofendido I'd think it should be "Como pude haberte yo herido / engañado y ...
jrdioko's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
233 views

Traducción para la estructura objeto + forma base

Estuve leyendo en un libro algunos ejemplos sobre esta estructura y al principio había pensado en una sola traducción, pero después me di cuenta que podía usar otra. She lets her children stay up ...
Schwale's user avatar
  • 5,608
2 votes
1 answer
74 views

"No te lo vas a creer" -- other ways to say this?

I've seen the phrase "no te lo vas a creer" in a few places, and I'm wondering whether I could say this differently. Could I say the following, or something similar? "No vas a creertelo....
capet's user avatar
  • 535
2 votes
0 answers
58 views

Why Spanish has only three terminations for the infinitive of verbs? [duplicate]

In Spanish, the infinitive of a verb always ends with one of these three terminations -ar (amar, llorar, buscar) -er (comer, saber, leer) -ir (reir, vivir, servir) What is the reason that there are ...
Diego's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
73 views

¿Cuándo perdió el infinitivo el estatus de "modo"?

En la Primera gramática de la lengua castellana, se recoge lo siguiente:    LOS MODOS de significar los verbos son quatro.    Indicativo, [...].    ...
Charlie's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
150 views

¿Necesitamos el conjuntivo “que” aquí?

Cada vez que sonreía bajaba profundamente la cabeza. La vi bajarse disimuladamente las perneras del pantalón, y luego ocultar sus pies descalzos en la hierba. ¿Por qué no hay conjunción “que” ...
Fabiola's user avatar
  • 549
1 vote
1 answer
584 views

How do you conjugate verbs in passive voice in Spanish and how do you make passive infinitives?

I was wondering how I should say the following sentence? This will help it be seen on more news feeds Esto lo ayudará ........ But out of curiosity I decided to generalize my question. Spanish ...
Sepideh Abadpour's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
134 views

Syntax of public notices containing a command

There has recently been some controversy and amusement in the UK about a notice which appeared at a beauty spot asking people not to drop litter. Apparently after the location was used in a Bollywood ...
mdewey's user avatar
  • 6,016
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Do the "non-finite 'haber' + participle" constructions have a name of their own?

Spanish non-finite or impersonal forms are: infinitive or infinitivo (CANTAR), gerund or gerundio (CANTANDO) and past participle or participio (CANTADO). Then we have a number of tenses where the verb ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

verb conjugation for multiple actors in a sentence

I am having trouble finding information about how to conjugate when different people are performing an action. The sentence is, "I want to see my friends paint." What I get stuck on is whether the ...
Bryan's user avatar
  • 129
1 vote
1 answer
56 views

Using infinitives like comer

I was told that using just the infinitive comer means to eat. However, does this fact change when using the indicative, subjunctive, or imperative? I am not referring to making any changes to the verb ...
securityauditor's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
281 views

When to use infinitive vs 3rd person singular present

I know the infinitive of the verb can also be used as a noun, but I notice in some sentences the 3rd person singular present used instead. For example in the below sentence I want to say: Odio ...
sf_admin's user avatar
  • 581
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

¿Está bien el uso de "al + infinitivo" en este párrafo?

¿Es correcto/está bien el uso de la forma "al + infinitivo" en el siguiente párrafo (que es una parte de un CV de traductor)? Al escribir en cualquier idioma, sigo las reglas de puntuación ...
Mariam's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
143 views

Cuales son los usos de -ing? [closed]

El uso de -ing en español, cuando no se esta usando como presente o pasado progresivo, se expresa con el infinitivo: El comer sano es importante. [EN] Eating healthy is important. Pero qué pasa ...
Vero's user avatar
  • 453
0 votes
1 answer
191 views

If the subject doesnt change, when do I use the infinitive?

So I know this works with the infinitive: quiero tomar leche But what if there are multiple verbs or different scenarios? What are the rules? For example: Yo he estado considerando hacer un ...
munchschair's user avatar