Questions tagged [gramática]

Conjunto de reglas que rigen la creación de frases en un lenguaje. // Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
593 views

Pretérito perfecto + subjuntivo presente

En mi país (Uruguay) hay una propensión muy grande a cometer el error que ilustro en el siguiente ejemplo: Juan me pidió que vaya a su casa. cuando debería ser Juan me pidió que fuera a su casa....
0
votes
2answers
379 views

Learning Spanish [closed]

Can you give me some tips how I can start learning Spanish ? A way where I don't have to drill vocabularies and grammar. When I learned languages at school I was always able to read and write, but ...
1
vote
4answers
202 views

Conjugation of verb in sentence adverbial clause and subjunctive

Ellos lo hacen de manera que no (haber) errores. Why is this haya and not hay? The main clause is in the indicative.
1
vote
2answers
222 views

Translating a legit double negative [duplicate]

Some may think this question is a duplicate of this How does one say "It's not nothing." but I feel the question was not answered fully, or at least I didn't learn very much from the ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

Probability: Future Perfect v. Conditional Perfect

What's the difference between using the future perfect to describe probability in the past and using the conditional perfect to describe probability in the past? Ex. Yo habré comido mucho. v. Yo ...
6
votes
2answers
53k views

What is the difference between "es" and "está"?

Can any one please explain to me when should I use está in place of es? As far as my understanding goes es translates to is and está translates to this. But sometimes I see that está is translated ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre "como" y "ya que"?

Pensaba que eran los mismos pero parece que no es así, ya que encontré una alternativa en una comprensión de lectura para DELE C1, que tiene ambas palabras como opciones: Pero este proceso solo puede ...
1
vote
2answers
331 views

Usages of Se and Verbs [duplicate]

I get really confused about this and am looking for some kind of trick. It seems sometimes "se" means to do something to oneself and sometimes not. "Juan se ducha" (Juan showers himself) Other ...
1
vote
2answers
213 views

Spanish for "to no end"

Consider the following translation: His laziness disgusts me. Me da asco su flojedad. What if I wanted to add "to no end" to the sentence? His laziness disgusts me to no end.
7
votes
4answers
12k views

¿Por qué se dice "¿qué se te ofrece?" y no "¿qué te ofrezco?"?

Llevo más o menos tres años hablando español, dos de los cuales viví en Mexico. Pero algo que sigo sin entender es por qué, si es que hay alguna razón, decimos ¿Qué se te ofrece? y no ¿Qué te ofrezco? ...
1
vote
2answers
399 views

How do I write "when scheduled" for a future appointment?

At my job, I sometimes have to make a list of requirements for Spanish-speaking clients. This list entails certain appointments. For the "employment assessment" I also write the phrase "when scheduled"...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

"TANTO o más importante" vs "TAN o más importante"

Estaba haciendo ejercicios para el examen DELE C1 y había una pregunta de hueco: Pues bien, resulta que contemplar el mundo en tres dimensiones espaciales resulta que es ______ o más importante. ...
1
vote
2answers
367 views

When should one use "para" for the English word "to"?

This is an extension of the question What is the difference between using "de" and "que" for the English word "to"? Consider the sentence "You have one minute to choose":...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Pretérito Perfecto vs. Pretérito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
14
votes
7answers
111k views

Why does "Se habla español" translate to "We speak Spanish"?

I see on stores that they have a sign that says Se habla español. From first glance I would think that it is saying "It speaks Spanish". How is it unambiguous that it is saying "We speak Spanish"? I ...
2
votes
6answers
7k views

Por vs. para vs. a vs. de

How do we translate the below sentence into Spanish? Meat is the only source of income for them. I have the following options: La carne es el único ingreso por ellos. La carne es el único ingreso ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Ambiguity with “por”

Let’s consider the following sentence: Esta carta fue escrita por Juan. I know it translates into English as, “This letter was written by Juan.” But won’t it also translate as, “This letter was ...
2
votes
4answers
438 views

Reflexive “dejar”

I came across the below translation while browsing through a Spanish learning website today: Te has dejado el paraguas en el restaurante. You left your umbrella at the restaurant. I am confused ...
3
votes
3answers
272 views

Pluralization of “todo”

Should “todo tipo” be pluralized when translating the phrase, “all types of”? Consider this sentence: I grow all types/kinds of vegetables. Which of the below would be the correct translation and ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

Word order in Spanish

The sentence I need to translate is this: Your threats are never going to frighten me. However, I am still not sure of the most appropriate word-order in Spanish and have ended up with the below ...
1
vote
4answers
7k views

“I was sick" in Spanish

I know it will take estar and in the present tense it’s easy to just say, “Estoy enfermo.” But how do I say it in the past tense? Which one of the below would be correct? estuve enfermo. estaba ...
3
votes
6answers
5k views

¿"No existe nadie" o "no existe alguien"?

¿Es correcto decir "No existe nadie"? Por ejemplo: "No existe nadie que haya aprobado el examen". ¿Lo correcto sería "No existe alguien que haya aprobado el examen"?
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Subjunctive with "asegurar"

Should the subjunctive be used after the verb "asegurar que"? The sentence I am trying to write is "La policía no se aseguraron que el niño tuviera un arma autentico o que él fuera una amenaza." ...
3
votes
2answers
296 views

Article usage in Spanish

Ahorremos agua / Ahorremos el agua Manzanas son frutas / La manzana es una fruta / Manzana es una fruta Which of the above sets would be more appropriate? Spanish articles have always baffled me. To ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

“Que viene” vs “próximo”

I have seen the expression, “next year” translated as both “el año que viene” and “el año próximo.” Are there regional preferences? Which one is more natural and why? Which translation is particularly ...
3
votes
1answer
442 views

Two verbs in a single sentence

We must turn off the faucet and save water. For the above construction, which of the below is more appropriate? Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorrar el agua. Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorramos el agua....
0
votes
1answer
551 views

Usage of “a” with debido

The sentence I was trying to translate is: We had to cut short our vacation due to the storm. A Spanish learning site gave the translation as: Tuvimos que acortar las vacaciones debido a la ...
1
vote
2answers
179 views

"On screen” in Spanish

How does one translate the phrase, “on screen” into Spanish? Is the below sentence an appropriate attempt? Por pudor nunca besaría en la pantalla. Out of modesty, she would never kiss on screen.
2
votes
1answer
94 views

After much struggle

The sentence I am trying to translate is: The young man found work after much (a lot of) struggle. Is one of these the most appropriate way (somehow it doesn’t seem so to me, that’s why I ask)? ...
2
votes
2answers
938 views

Is there a difference among 'hay que', 'tener que', and 'deber'?

I understand that all of these: hay que tener que deber are the Spanish equivalent of “ought to” or “must” or “should". But I really need to know if there are any subtle differences in the ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Should I use "ser" or "estar" to translate "The wine cellar should be dark and dry"?

The sentence I want to translate is: The wine cellar should be dark and dry. Which of the following would be more appropriate and why? La bodega debe ser oscura y seca. La bodega debe estar oscura ...
2
votes
1answer
771 views

Turning a certain age in Spanish

I know tener is the verb used when talking about one’s age. So the following translation makes perfect sense: Tengo treinta años. I am 30 years old. But what if I want to translate the following ...
0
votes
2answers
200 views

“Something big” in Spanish

I want to say, “Something big is happening today.” Is the following translation the most appropriate? Algo grande va a pasar hoy. In the same vein, is the following the correct translation for, “...
3
votes
4answers
490 views

gustar: "I like the cat" vs "The cat likes me"

I put this in the google translate page: the cat likes me i like the cat I get back the translation: el gato me gusta me gusta el gato which doesn't look right at all, and sure enough it gets ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Por vs para when discussing number of times

Which one would be the preposition of choice when discussing the number of times something happened? Examples: I saw her for the third time. She is visiting me for the first time.
2
votes
2answers
970 views

Ser vs estar in sentences about composition [duplicate]

Could someone please advise which is the verb of choice in sentences that talk about what things are made of or look like? See the following example: My bathroom is covered in tiles. For the above ...
0
votes
1answer
230 views

Too big for him

While translating the phrase, “too big for him,” should we use "por" or "para"? In other words, which one of the below would be correct Spanish: Esa broca es demasiada pequeña por esta pared. ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What does "Le tengo" mean in "Le tengo miedo al fracaso"?

I have read the following sentence: Le tengo miedo al fracaso. It means 'I am afraid of failure'. Why do we use 'Le tengo' instead of 'yo tengo' or 'tengo'? Moreover, why are we using 'al' ...
6
votes
2answers
991 views

"Lo peor ya ha pasado" - Why is "Lo" used?

The sentence translates to The worse has already passed. Why is lo used instead of el? When am I supposed to use one over the other?
5
votes
1answer
437 views

"Ella es nuestra madre" - Why is "nuestra" feminine?

Why is nuestra feminine if we do not know the gender of the people the speaker is referring?
12
votes
3answers
132k views

Uso de "heme aquí"

Lo he visto en alguna ocasión en literatura o alguna interpretación de español antiguo, pero no es muy común, supongo que de alguna forma su uso está obsoleto. Ahora las dudas: ¿Cuál verbo es el ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

What is "él" for in "Estoy aquí porque me ha enviado él"?

I found this sentence which makes sense except for the last word él: Estoy aquí porque me ha enviado él. I am here because he has sent me. What is the él doing here? At first when I read it I ...
0
votes
3answers
588 views

Why is trabajar being conjugated here?

Here is the sentence: Este gran libro es el resultado de años de trabajo duro. = This great book is the result of years of hard work. Why is trabajar being conjugated to the yo form? Is the ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

What is the difference between "al" and "a la"?

Consider the following sentence: Vamos a entender a la maestra. (We are going to understand the teacher) I remember seeing in a similar sentence the word al being used instead of a la. So are ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between using "de" and "que" for the English word "to"?

Here are two examples where de and que are meant to translate to to in English: ¿Dónde tengo que dejar los documentos? = Where do I have to leave the documents? Es imposible de saber = It is ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What is the difference between "No puedo comer" and "No puedo como"?

I thought that you were supposed to use the conjugated version of comer when referring to the subject, but I see sentences formed like the first example. So what is the difference between both ...
0
votes
2answers
480 views

'de' in Yo me alegro de no estudiar

Yo me alegro de no estudiar: la mejor escuela es el teatro. (Literally?!:) I am glad to not study: the best school is the theater. Why is de used in this example? Is que (that) a reasonable ...
5
votes
3answers
14k views

When is "se" used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
2
votes
5answers
368 views

"Le lee un diario a ella" - Is the person who reads male or female?

The translator says the sentence is this in English: Le lee un diario a ella = He reads her a book. I thought it was "You read her a book" because it's unclear from the wording the gender of ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

¿Cómo se escribe "x y y" ó "x e y"?, ¿“α o ω” ó “α u ω”?

Escribiendo textos con fórmulas matemáticas a menudo te encuentras con este tipo de problemas con los símbolos matemáticos. Pongo unos cuantos ejemplos: "... donde x e y son variables reales ..." ".....