Questions tagged [gramática]

Conjunto de reglas que rigen la creación de frases en un lenguaje. // Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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4
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2answers
3k views

Uso de la palabra "matado" en artículo periodístico

Estaba leyendo el siguiente artículo periodístico: Un jurado de Nueva York exonera al policía del ‘caso Garner’. Cuando encontré la siguiente frase: ...cuando otro gran jurado absolvió al ...
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2answers
224 views

How does "presumir" work in this sentence?

I came across a comment on Facebook that went like this: Mira te presumo mis dientes de marfil. According to Google the sentence translates as: I think my teeth look like ivory. Although I ...
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1answer
18k views

Uso de "así que" y "por eso"

"El seto era demasiado alto _____ el jardinero lo recortó. Esta frase es de Josefa Martin Garcia. Creo que debe insertar "por eso" en vez de "así que". Por qué es mejor o correcto usar así que?
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3answers
271 views

¿Por qué escribimos "El abogado probó que su defendido 'era' inocente" y no 'sería'?

El abogado probó que su defendido sería/era/había sido/había estado inocente. La frase es de Josefa Martin Garcia. No entiendo por qué usa era en vez de sería. ¿Puede usar el pluscuamperfecto aquí?
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2answers
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¿"Mismo de" o "mismo que"?

Me acaban de corregir dos veces en un documento, y me pongo muy odioso cuando me critican la redacción. Yo siempre he dicho "mismo de": El mismo sistema de antes. Hay que instalarlo en el ...
1
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1answer
169 views

Subject Verb Agreement and Verb Tense

A los once años Miguel fue al campo, junto al padre y al hermano mayor. En los días más crudos del invierno aprovecharon para acudir a la escuela, donde aprendieron a leer. What does this sentence ...
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1answer
2k views

Agreement of adjectives with nouns

¿Es correcta esta frase? Coge la bolsa por el asa pequeño.
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1answer
2k views

No possessive pronoun for body parts

"My head hurts" translates as "me duele la cabeza" and not "mi cabeza duele." I was taught that possessive pronouns are redundant and hence dropped when speaking of body parts. Does this rule apply to ...
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3answers
385 views

Dativo superfluo: Meaning of "Me cansé de que me tomes la cerveza"

Recently, I came across a song that went, "Me cansé de que me tomes la cerveza..." What exactly does it mean? Is it "I am tired of you drinking my beer"? Are both me's here what they call dativos ...
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4answers
466 views

Purpose of direct and indirect objects in "se te va el avión"

I came across this phrase in another SE question here: What's the meaning of the Mexican expression “se te va el avión”? While I understand the idiomatic reference the phrase makes, I don't ...
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1answer
167 views

Target word for "para que"

I was listening to news in slow Spanish today and came across the following sentence: Obama dijo que le había dado más de un año al Congreso para que actuara y nada había ocurrido. While I ...
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2answers
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«Porque» después de «inclinarse por»

Según este enlace, la conjunción que debe ir separada de por cuando el verbo exija esa preposición. Como ejemplo pongo el verbo inclinarse por: Me inclino por que estés aquí. Se inclinaba por que ...
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2answers
946 views

Difference between "cariciar" and "acariciar"

Both words mean "to caress" or "to fondle" according to the dictionaries. Is it really so? Are the exactly the same thing? If not, in what way does adding that "a" change the meaning? My question also ...
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4answers
5k views

"Quiero comprarlo" vs "Lo quiero comprar"

Wile studying grammar, I learned that the object pronoun could go in either of the places when the verb is being used as an infinitive. So, for "I want to buy it," both of these sentences would be ...
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4answers
162 views

Declension of the word "patán"

How does one decline (if at all) the adjective patán? We all know there's inconsistencies in languages and I was thinking about this adjective. My intuition tells me it should be declined, but it ...
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4answers
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Hablar contigo vs Hablarte vs Hablar con tú

What's the difference in connotation between these three phrases? Are they all correct? I am trying to say I want to talk to you. Quiero hablarte. Quiero hablar contigo. Quiero hablar con tú.
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2answers
697 views

"Te tengo que decir adiós" o "tengo a decir adiós"

¡Buenas, amigos! Yo tengo una pregunta, yo escucho una canción, y algunas palabras son: "Te tengo que decir adios" ¿Cómo? Al decir "I have to say goodbye" en español, ¿por qué no dice "yo tengo ...
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2answers
78 views

Mystery wrapped in an enigma

I am trying to say, in Spanish: A mystery wrapped in an enigma Would: Un misterio envuelto en un enigma be correct grammar?
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3answers
436 views

El uso de «se» en «se llevó los niños a rezar»

¿Qué significa el se en esta frase? Siempre didáctico, hizo [Melquíades] una sabia exposición sobre las virtudes diabólicas del cinabrio. Úrsula no le hizo caso, sino que se llevó los niños a ...
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4answers
653 views

When to use indefinite article?

I learned from my teacher that indefinite articles (un, una) are used only before modified nouns, that is nouns followed by adjectives. Does this apply to definite articles (el, la)? Another ...
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3answers
304 views

Is "cosas que [infinitive]" a special construction?

English A friend asked me today if this phrase was a special construction or if it had a name: Tengo una misión que cumplir The construction being [noun] que [infinitive]. Now, I coudn't really ...
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2answers
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Verbos con sus respectivas preposiciones

Cada vez que busco en un diccionario inglés-español un verbo (en inglés), el diccionario muestra generalmente la preposición que acompaña a ese verbo, a veces suelen ser dos o más preposiciones. Es ...
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1answer
320 views

Why is there an interrogative pronoun in this sentence which is not a question?

I've seen the use of interrogative pronouns in ordinary statements, not just questions. For example, from the book "Harry Potter y la piedra filosofal": "Los Dursley se estremecían al pensar qué ...
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1answer
943 views

What does the ending "-ón" signify?

English: Consider the following: rata -> ratón puerta -> portón gata -> gatón Does the -ón ending change anything? Which word should I use and why? Español: Considere lo siguente: rata -&...
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2answers
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Grande vs Gran usage

Los grandes imperios han dominado la humanidad. Why not can't gran replace grandes in the sentence?
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3answers
353 views

Usage of porque, por qué, porqué, y por que [duplicate]

Trato de ayudarla +preposición+ no se deprima. Which form of "because" would you use to fill in the blank in the sentence to complete it?
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2answers
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"Estar" vs "ser" usage with "muy bien"

Está muy bien Why not say "Es muy bien"? In what context would you use "está muy bien"? What noun could you refer "estar" to? Could you refer "estar" to a ...
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2answers
3k views

Use of "ser" vs "estar" with past participle

Se compró una figura que estaba hecha de madera. Why can't "era" be used in place of "estar"?
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2answers
702 views

Use of subjunctive and presence of doubt

Colón dijo: "Aunque tenga que buscarlos en las cárceles, los encontraré." Why is the subjunctive for the verb tener used? Can't the indicative be used instead of the subjunctive?
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2answers
491 views

imperative or subjunctive

In my Spanish class I have learnt that only the second person (s & pl) has distinct forms for the imperative, but the forms for all other persons are the same as for the subjunctive. ...
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2answers
631 views

Indirect Object and neuter "lo" usage with inanimate objects

Tenía a su lado el balón y le pegó una patada. Why isn't lo used instead of le in this sentence? Doesn't lo refer to inanimate objects and le is used for animate objects? I think le refers to the ...
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2answers
326 views

¿Por qué decimos "esta bolsa 'está' rota" y no 'es'?

¿Por qué no puede usar "es" en vez de "estar" en esta frase? Esta bolsa está rota.
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1answer
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If soy and eres mean "I am" and "you are", when should you use "yo soy" and "tú eres"? [duplicate]

Knowing that verbs imply the subject (unlike English), when is it necessary to be redundant and use the subject? I gathered that it is only used at the beginning of a conversation, but I'm not sure. ...
5
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2answers
705 views

Plural form of letters

What is the correct plural of single letters? I encountered three variants: veinte a's, una b, dieciséis c's, trece d's, treinta e's, dos f's, ... (Source) dieciséis «a», una «b», quince «c», once «...
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2answers
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Bien vs buen/bueno/buena to describe something good

I have encountered phrases like these: La buena comida. El buen hombre. Buenos días. However in none of these instances is it grammatically correct to substitute bien even though it also means good ...
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2answers
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When and why is a "determiner" necessary for a subject?

This answer mentions that: In Spanish, for a number of reasons ... , a subject must have some sort of determiner attached to it. For cena that could be an article like una or la; a quantifier like ...
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2answers
312 views

Correction of Translations from English to Spanish [closed]

can you please correct my mistakes? My parents made me clean my room before allowing me to go out with my friends. Mis padres me obligan a limpiar mi habitación antes de permetirme salir con mis ...
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4answers
528 views

Can "mi" be used as a regular pronoun?

Mi is usually used like this: Esta es mi casa. --> This is my house. However, sometimes I've seen it used as a regular pronoun like this: Él tiene más libros que mi. --> He has more books than ...
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2answers
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definite article - and the use of "al"

I'm currently learning Spanish Grammar and hoping someone can help me out. I have a sentence in my book which is: Me gusta jugar al fútbol. And another sentence: Juega al fútbol todos los días....
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1answer
146 views

What is correct "El fuego de mi espíritu" or "Fuego de mi espíritu"? [closed]

Tierra es mi cuerpo. Agua mi sangre. Aire mi aliento. Fuego mi espiritu. and Tierra mi cuerpo. Agua mi sangre. Aire mi aliento. El fuego de mi espíritu. Wich one is more correct as a tatoo?
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6answers
688 views

"echado" vs "echando"

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish sentence ...
2
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1answer
2k views

diferente vs. otro/otra

I'm a bit confused about the differences in use of diferente and otro/otra. For example, I want to say "I'm a programmer like Javier, but I work for a different company." Would that be Soy un ...
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2answers
2k views

How to say Thanks for confirming? "Gracias por confirmar" or "Gracias por haber confirmado"?

What is the correct translation of "Thanks for confirming"? Gracias por confirmar (futuro) or Gracias por haber confirmado (pasado)
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2answers
409 views

Can adjectives be placed before nouns in Spanish?

I found this sentence in "Las Uvas de la Ira" (Spanish translation of "The Grapes of Wrath"): Los humorísticos y viejos ojos... I would have expected "the old humorous old eyes" to have been ...
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4answers
413 views

What's the function of 'a' in the following sentences?

"Mientras Pepe jugaba a el baloncesto": el baloncesto has no life nor related to human beings, why put "a" in the sentence, why not say like "mientras Pepe jUgaba el baloncesto". "Fue primero a la ...
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1answer
160 views

Some questions about Spanish tenses and sentence structure [closed]

"Mientras Marcos jugaba al baloncesto con sus companeros, sintió calor y se quitó la chaqueta", I wanna know if I can speak this sentence in such way like "Mientras Marcos estuvo jugando al baloncesto ...
1
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1answer
83 views

How to deal with personal direct object and indirect object?

When I try to translate this sentence Juan send his daughter to his mother I got this Juan envía a su hija a su madre Considering the following facts: su hija is a personal direct object (DO) ...
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4answers
177 views

Translation of "can"

I know can is poder in Spanish. But generally it would indicate the ability to do something rather than the permission. You cannot drink. No puedo beber. The above sentence could imply: 1) ...
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2answers
593 views

Pretérito perfecto + subjuntivo presente

En mi país (Uruguay) hay una propensión muy grande a cometer el error que ilustro en el siguiente ejemplo: Juan me pidió que vaya a su casa. cuando debería ser Juan me pidió que fuera a su casa....
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2answers
379 views

Learning Spanish [closed]

Can you give me some tips how I can start learning Spanish ? A way where I don't have to drill vocabularies and grammar. When I learned languages at school I was always able to read and write, but ...

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