Questions tagged [gramática]

Conjunto de reglas que rigen la creación de frases en un lenguaje. // Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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26
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1answer
3k views

All about datives, or: What's that funny “le” or “me” doing in there?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica This is a canonical question and answer about dative uses of le, les, me, nos, se, te and os that often confuse and confound the Spanish ...
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Why is “agua” masculine in singular form and feminine in plural? “El agua” / “Las aguas” ¿Por qué decimos “el agua” si es una palabra femenina?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica English Is there any rule that says that feminine nouns that start with "A" are converted to masculine or is it just done for ...
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8answers
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What is the role of the “le” in the sentence “Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo.”?

The sentence: Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo. Translates into: Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (...
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2answers
854 views

Redundant indirect object pronoun: is “le” redundant in “preguntémosle al estúpido / a él”?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica In a movie scene from "Revenge" ("La Venganza", 1990, with Kevin Costner) the character Tiburón Méndez was discussing ...
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Significance of adjective placement

In Spanish, adjectives typically come after the noun they modify. However, there are some cases where the adjective comes before the noun, and usually (always?) with a change in meaning. Example: ...
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When and why is a “determiner” necessary for a subject?

This answer mentions that: In Spanish, for a number of reasons ... , a subject must have some sort of determiner attached to it. For cena that could be an article like una or la; a quantifier like ...
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3answers
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What exactly are the “passive se” and “impersonal se”?

Many materials for learning Spanish, discuss the "impersonal se" (e.g. ¿Se puede tocar esto?) and "passive se" (e.g. Se habla español.). What exactly are these forms grammatically? Is the se in both ...
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When is “se” used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
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5answers
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¿Es correcto mantener “de” y “el” separados en algún caso?

Estoy leyendo "El maestro y Margarita", de Mijaíl Bulgákov (¡los nombres transcritos de otros alfabetos se acentúan!). En él hay una construcción que me ha parecido incorrecta: Naturalmente, los ...
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1answer
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¿“Países miembro” o “países miembros”?

Estoy leyendo un documento en el que se habla tanto de países miembro como de estados miembros. Ejemplo al respecto de la Agencia Espacial Europea: "Este organismo internacional es un consorcio [......
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1answer
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No possessive pronoun for body parts

"My head hurts" translates as "me duele la cabeza" and not "mi cabeza duele." I was taught that possessive pronouns are redundant and hence dropped when speaking of body parts. Does this rule apply to ...
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When to use “que” and “de que”

Español En ciertas oraciones no sé si es más correcto usar que o de que. ¿Cuáles son las reglas para utilizar que/de que? Ejemplos: Estoy seguro que me fue bien. Estoy seguro de que me fue bien. ...
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2answers
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What is the “dativo ético”?

In this comment, the grammatical term dativo ético is mentioned: With comer, dativo ético is often used, quite rare to use comer without it (at least in Spain). For example, instead of "Él comió ...
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3answers
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“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
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3answers
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What are the more complex meanings of “de”?

So, I already know basic forms of this word (of, from, etc.), but I keep seeing it used in places that I don't understand. For example, I sometimes see "antes de que", or just "de que". Why does "de" ...
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Why are both “Presidente” and “Presidenta” accepted as correct translations?

Duolingo wanted me to choose between multiple options for the translation of "She is the president of that organization". I chose "Ella es la presidente de esa organización" but it was counted as ...
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2answers
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Es correcto usar la palabra “Apóstola” para referirse a una mujer que es “Apóstol”?

Quisiera saber si es correcto aplicar el genero femenino a un sustantivo como "apóstol" dejando la palabra como "apóstola" que se entendería es una mujer que actúa como "apóstol". Es similar al caso ...
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¿Debo usar la 'a personal' con un personaje antropomorfo?

Se usa la a personal cuando el objeto es una persona. E.g.: Veo a mi hermana. (No se dice "Veo mi hermana.") ¿Se usa la a personal con personajes antropomorfos que no son humanos? E.g.: ¿Cuáles ...
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Use of “me” in the phrase “me llevo este”

I would like to know what kind of word is "me" in the phrase "me llevo este" (meaning I'll take this one). Is it a reflexive verb? How can you tell? Thanks a lot.
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¿Cuándo se sustituye la conjunción “y” por “e”?

La conjunción copulativa y se sustituye por e ante palabras que empiezan por el sonido /i/: Eres único e irrepetible Sin embargo, el Diccionario panhispánico de dudas indica algunas excepciones: ...
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5answers
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When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
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¿Cuándo se debe acentuar el pronombre “este”?

Hace pocos días, en Meta de Stack Overflow en Español, alguien comentó que no debería corregir a alguien si yo cometo fallos en mi redacción. El ejemplo del que hablo: Bienvenida a SOesp. Éste es ...
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4answers
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Pretérito Perfecto vs. Pretérito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
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¿Qué opción es correcta: “y e-mail” o “e e-mail”?

Estaba escribiendo la frase "nombre, apellido e e-mail" cuando me surgió la duda: ¿debo escribir "e e-mail" o "y e-mail"? La "e" de "e-mail" suena como "i" (i meil), pero se escribe con "e". ¿A cuál ...
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2answers
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“Let's go” in Spanish: vayamos vs vamos vs vámonos

I understand that "Let's go" in Spanish is vámonos or vamos depending on the context. However, I have also learned from grammar books that all the "let's..." constructs translate into Spanish using ...
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4answers
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¿Es correcto usar el futuro para hablar del presente/pasado?

Hay ciertas construcciones que me son muy familiares pero que al pensar detenidamente en ellas me entra la duda y no sé qué justificación gramatical tienen (o si simplemente son incorrectas). Tal es ...
7
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1answer
293 views

How is the conjugation for the “vos” pronoun in forms beyond the present indicative?

How is vos (the Argentine pronoun) conjugated in forms beyond the present indicative? Would it be the same as the vosotros forms, except that the i is omitted? For example: Vos comprastes; Vos ...
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1answer
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¿Es correcto usar '80 u 80s para referirnos a décadas?

Leyendo una espléndida respuesta de Rafael observé que habla de: A consecuencia de lo anterior, resulta razonable pensar que en los '80 la pregunta diera mucho menos lugar a dudas. cambio las ...
6
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2answers
463 views

When is it OK to use a subjunctive form instead of the conditional?

My question is a follow-up of this question. So, with the following sentence, we have querer conjugated in the subjunctive, imperfect past: Quisiera algo de agua, por favor. | I would like some ...
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2answers
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¿Es correcto decir “fichas rojas, naranjas y café”?

Tengo un problema "de oído" al redactar un texto en el que se explica la función de los colores de las solapas de unas carpetas. En realidad puedo cambiar la redacción del texto y así evito ...
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1answer
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Word order in passive voice

The sentence below is pretty straightforward in terms of word order (it is what I frequently encountered in passive voice): todos los coches están vendidas But I think that the one below is also ...
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1answer
314 views

Indirect object and “le”

La madre le lava la cara a la niña. In that sentence, why is the word "le" there? The sentence already has a indirect object ("a la niña"), but removing the "le" makes the sentence to sound unnatural....
7
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2answers
208 views

Why is “a” needed in “Jugaba al tenis todos los días”?

In the sentence, "Jugaba al tenis todos los días cuando era más joven" why is it "al" over "el"? "Why is "a" needed?
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2answers
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Does Spanish have Contrastive Focus Reduplication? / Tiene el español reduplicación de enfoque contrastivo?

English In English, one can use Contrastive Focus Reduplication to clarify between one definition of a word and another definition by putting stress on the first part of the duplication. Some ...
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4answers
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¿Es correcto “pegarle a un padre”? Y en general, ¿se puede repetir el complemento indirecto en una frase usando “le” o “se” además del explícito?

A veces se dice en tono jocoso: Es más malo que pegarle a un padre. Es más feo que pegarle a un padre. Para designar algo que es extremadamente malo o feo. Lo que me produce curiosidad es que se ...
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1answer
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¿Cuál es el papel del infinitivo en una frase con pasiva refleja?

En una frase como esta: Es una nieve que no se ve caer, más bien es una nieve que solo se ve desaparecer. Supongo que esta construcción es correcta —mi intuición me dice que lo es—. Pero ¿cuál es ...
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3answers
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Use of 'tú' when giving examples

In English we use the 'you' form when explaining things and giving examples e.g. 'There are lots of things to see in London for example, YOU could visit the houses of parliament...etc' In Spanish is ...
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Determining gender of words ending in “e”

When learning Spanish, there are basic rules taught about word gender: words ending in o are usually masculine, words ending in a are usually feminine. What about words ending in e? Are there any ...
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3answers
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How did the syntactical strucutre “me gusta” come to be in Spanish? It seems to be different from its Latin root and other Romance languages

In Spanish there is the structure "Me gusta" where "Me" is the object. But in other Romance languages such as Portuguese "Eu gosto (de isso)" or French "Je goûterai le soir bleu", "eu" and "je" are ...
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¿Cuándo se usa “sino” y cuándo “si no”?

Hace poco he leído un libro donde se empleaba el sino. Al principio pensaba que era un error de ortografía, pero me resulta un poco extraño que se equivocaron en poner sino y no separado si no. ¿Qué ...
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2answers
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What's the difference between “ti” and “te”?

I've heard both "ti" and "te" in learning Spanish, and I don't understand the difference. "Ti" I've heard in: ¿Y a ti? and "te" I've heard in ¿Te gusta ___? So what's the difference in how ...
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4answers
692 views

Preterit Passive vs. Estar + Past Participle

English 1 El ratón se mató. (Preterit passive) 2 El ratón estuvo matado. (Estar + past participle) The two sentences above translate to the same in English: The mouse was killed. However, I sense ...
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2answers
488 views

imperative or subjunctive

In my Spanish class I have learnt that only the second person (s & pl) has distinct forms for the imperative, but the forms for all other persons are the same as for the subjunctive. ...
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4answers
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¿Por qué a veces se pone “la” antes de los nombres?

En general, en español los nombres personales no requiren artículos determinados. No obstante, algunas veces he notado excepciones a esta regla. Por ejemplo, en El Retablo de las Maravillas de ...
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1answer
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Why say “dame la mano” instead of “dame tu mano”?

"Dame la mano" would mean "give me the hand". Shouldn't it be better to say "give me your hand" by saying "dame tu mano"? For reference this is the entire phrase coming from spanishdict: "Dame la ...
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1answer
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Differences between “passive se” and “impersonal se”

There's a similar question, but the author and answers seem to focus more on using 'se' in reflexive verbs rather than the question mentioned in the title. My understanding is that with both 'passive ...
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3answers
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When should I use 'al'?

I am trying to tell the difference between 'al' and 'a' to refer to a place. I know that you usually use a to refer to a country. But when should you use al? I am trying to teach someone the ...
3
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2answers
226 views

Word order in Spanish

The sentence I need to translate is this: Your threats are never going to frighten me. However, I am still not sure of the most appropriate word-order in Spanish and have ended up with the below ...
3
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1answer
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La colocación del adjetivo en “fin de semana”

Cuando yo estaba respondiendo a esta pregunta, quería decir que la forma correcta de hablar del fin de semana que viene es: el próximo fin de semana y no: el fin de semana próximo Y eso, según ...
3
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2answers
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Why subjuntivo in Cause-Effect “Hace que <sujeto> + <subjuntivo>”

Objective Understand the function of and reason to use subjunctive in cause-effect with "hace que …" Related Topics What does “hace que” mean in this sentence? Examples La profesora hace que los ...

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