Questions tagged [gramática]

Conjunto de reglas que rigen la creación de frases en un lenguaje. // Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
31 votes
1 answer
5k views

All about datives, or: What's that funny "le" or "me" doing in there?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica This is a canonical question and answer about dative uses of le, les, me, nos, se, te and os that often confuse and confound the Spanish ...
pablodf76's user avatar
  • 39.5k
86 votes
6 answers
28k views

Why is "agua" masculine in singular form and feminine in plural? "El agua" / "Las aguas" ¿Por qué decimos "el agua" si es una palabra femenina?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica English Is there any rule that says that feminine nouns that start with "A" are converted to masculine or is it just done for ...
David Grajal's user avatar
  • 1,019
18 votes
8 answers
2k views

What is the role of the "le" in the sentence "Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo."?

The sentence: Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo. Translates into: Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (...
floatingfrisbee's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Redundant indirect object pronoun: is "le" redundant in "preguntémosle al estúpido / a él"?

This is a canonical question / Esta es una pregunta canónica In a movie scene from "Revenge" ("La Venganza", 1990, with Kevin Costner) the character Tiburón Méndez was discussing ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 2,027
31 votes
2 answers
3k views

Significance of adjective placement

In Spanish, adjectives typically come after the noun they modify. However, there are some cases where the adjective comes before the noun, and usually (always?) with a change in meaning. Example: ...
Flimzy's user avatar
  • 12.9k
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

When and why is a "determiner" necessary for a subject?

This answer mentions that: In Spanish, for a number of reasons ... , a subject must have some sort of determiner attached to it. For cena that could be an article like una or la; a quantifier like ...
Flimzy's user avatar
  • 12.9k
8 votes
5 answers
6k views

When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
jrdioko's user avatar
  • 17.7k
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

What exactly are the "passive se" and "impersonal se"?

Many materials for learning Spanish, discuss the "impersonal se" (e.g. ¿Se puede tocar esto?) and "passive se" (e.g. Se habla español.). What exactly are these forms grammatically? Is the se in both ...
jrdioko's user avatar
  • 17.7k
13 votes
5 answers
2k views

¿Es correcto mantener "de" y "el" separados en algún caso?

Estoy leyendo "El maestro y Margarita", de Mijaíl Bulgákov (¡los nombres transcritos de otros alfabetos se acentúan!). En él hay una construcción que me ha parecido incorrecta: Naturalmente, los ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

¿"Países miembro" o "países miembros"?

Estoy leyendo un documento en el que se habla tanto de países miembro como de estados miembros. Ejemplo al respecto de la Agencia Espacial Europea: "Este organismo internacional es un consorcio [......
Charlie's user avatar
  • 77.5k
5 votes
2 answers
383 views

Does Spanish have Contrastive Focus Reduplication? / Tiene el español reduplicación de enfoque contrastivo?

English In English, one can use Contrastive Focus Reduplication to clarify between one definition of a word and another definition by putting stress on the first part of the duplication. Some ...
jstowell's user avatar
  • 331
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

No possessive pronoun for body parts

"My head hurts" translates as "me duele la cabeza" and not "mi cabeza duele." I was taught that possessive pronouns are redundant and hence dropped when speaking of body parts. Does this rule apply to ...
TheLearner's user avatar
  • 5,401
4 votes
3 answers
15k views

When is "se" used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
David G's user avatar
  • 1,133
25 votes
4 answers
25k views

When to use "que" and "de que"

Español En ciertas oraciones no sé si es más correcto usar que o de que. ¿Cuáles son las reglas para utilizar que/de que? Ejemplos: Estoy seguro que me fue bien. Estoy seguro de que me fue bien. ...
dusan's user avatar
  • 3,732
9 votes
2 answers
4k views

What is the "dativo ético"?

In this comment, the grammatical term dativo ético is mentioned: With comer, dativo ético is often used, quite rare to use comer without it (at least in Spain). For example, instead of "Él comió ...
wbyoung's user avatar
  • 217
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

"Leísmo de cortesía" and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
samfrances's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
6k views

Why are both "Presidente" and "Presidenta" accepted as correct translations?

Duolingo wanted me to choose between multiple options for the translation of "She is the president of that organization". I chose "Ella es la presidente de esa organización" but it was counted as ...
B. Clay Shannon-B. Crow Raven's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
7k views

Es correcto usar la palabra "Apóstola" para referirse a una mujer que es "Apóstol"?

Quisiera saber si es correcto aplicar el genero femenino a un sustantivo como "apóstol" dejando la palabra como "apóstola" que se entendería es una mujer que actúa como "apóstol". Es similar al caso ...
Bernardo Vanegas's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

¿Debo usar la 'a personal' con un personaje antropomorfo?

Se usa la a personal cuando el objeto es una persona. E.g.: Veo a mi hermana. (No se dice "Veo mi hermana.") ¿Se usa la a personal con personajes antropomorfos que no son humanos? E.g.: ¿Cuáles ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
282 views

What are the more complex meanings of "de"?

So, I already know basic forms of this word (of, from, etc.), but I keep seeing it used in places that I don't understand. For example, I sometimes see "antes de que", or just "de que". Why does "de" ...
kingkola36's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
15k views

¿Cuándo se sustituye la conjunción "y" por "e"?

La conjunción copulativa y se sustituye por e ante palabras que empiezan por el sonido /i/: Eres único e irrepetible Sin embargo, el Diccionario panhispánico de dudas indica algunas excepciones: ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Use of "me" in the phrase "me llevo este"

I would like to know what kind of word is "me" in the phrase "me llevo este" (meaning I'll take this one). Is it a reflexive verb? How can you tell? Thanks a lot.
gui's user avatar
  • 33
13 votes
4 answers
28k views

¿Qué opción es correcta: "y e-mail" o "e e-mail"?

Estaba escribiendo la frase "nombre, apellido e e-mail" cuando me surgió la duda: ¿debo escribir "e e-mail" o "y e-mail"? La "e" de "e-mail" suena como "i" (i meil), pero se escribe con "e". ¿A cuál ...
mgarciaisaia's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
9k views

"Let's go" in Spanish: vayamos vs vamos vs vámonos

I understand that "Let's go" in Spanish is vámonos or vamos depending on the context. However, I have also learned from grammar books that all the "let's..." constructs translate into Spanish using ...
TheLearner's user avatar
  • 5,401
9 votes
1 answer
374 views

Indirect object and "le"

La madre le lava la cara a la niña. In that sentence, why is the word "le" there? The sentence already has a indirect object ("a la niña"), but removing the "le" makes the sentence to sound unnatural....
dusan's user avatar
  • 3,732
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

¿Es correcto usar el futuro para hablar del presente/pasado?

Hay ciertas construcciones que me son muy familiares pero que al pensar detenidamente en ellas me entra la duda y no sé qué justificación gramatical tienen (o si simplemente son incorrectas). Tal es ...
Mauricio Martinez's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
343 views

How is the conjugation for the "vos" pronoun in forms beyond the present indicative?

How is vos (the Argentine pronoun) conjugated in forms beyond the present indicative? Would it be the same as the vosotros forms, except that the i is omitted? For example: Vos comprastes; Vos ...
K. O'Hara's user avatar
  • 153
7 votes
2 answers
348 views

Why is "a" needed in "Jugaba al tenis todos los días"?

In the sentence, "Jugaba al tenis todos los días cuando era más joven" why is it "al" over "el"? "Why is "a" needed?
A. Bell 's user avatar
  • 1,367
7 votes
1 answer
23k views

¿Es correcto usar '80 u 80s para referirnos a décadas?

Leyendo una espléndida respuesta de Rafael observé que habla de: A consecuencia de lo anterior, resulta razonable pensar que en los '80 la pregunta diera mucho menos lugar a dudas. cambio las ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
7 votes
2 answers
674 views

When is it OK to use a subjunctive form instead of the conditional?

My question is a follow-up of this question. So, with the following sentence, we have querer conjugated in the subjunctive, imperfect past: Quisiera algo de agua, por favor. | I would like some ...
Rock Anthony Johnson's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

¿Es correcto decir "fichas rojas, naranjas y café"?

Tengo un problema "de oído" al redactar un texto en el que se explica la función de los colores de las solapas de unas carpetas. En realidad puedo cambiar la redacción del texto y así evito ...
Rodrigo's user avatar
  • 16.6k
4 votes
3 answers
3k views

¿Cuándo se debe acentuar el pronombre "este"?

Hace pocos días, en Meta de Stack Overflow en Español, alguien comentó que no debería corregir a alguien si yo cometo fallos en mi redacción. El ejemplo del que hablo: Bienvenida a SOesp. Éste es ...
lois6b's user avatar
  • 316
3 votes
4 answers
1k views

¿Es correcto "pegarle a un padre"? Y en general, ¿se puede repetir el complemento indirecto en una frase usando "le" o "se" además del explícito?

A veces se dice en tono jocoso: Es más malo que pegarle a un padre. Es más feo que pegarle a un padre. Para designar algo que es extremadamente malo o feo. Lo que me produce curiosidad es que se ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
3 votes
1 answer
247 views

¿Cuál es el papel del infinitivo en una frase con pasiva refleja?

En una frase como esta: Es una nieve que no se ve caer, más bien es una nieve que solo se ve desaparecer. Supongo que esta construcción es correcta —mi intuición me dice que lo es—. Pero ¿cuál es ...
Cerulean's user avatar
  • 431
2 votes
3 answers
280 views

Use of 'tú' when giving examples

In English we use the 'you' form when explaining things and giving examples e.g. 'There are lots of things to see in London for example, YOU could visit the houses of parliament...etc' In Spanish is ...
user11408's user avatar
  • 155
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Pretérito Perfecto vs. Pretérito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
Nat Naydenova's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
313 views

Word order in passive voice

The sentence below is pretty straightforward in terms of word order (it is what I frequently encountered in passive voice): todos los coches están vendidas But I think that the one below is also ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 2,027
14 votes
6 answers
34k views

Determining gender of words ending in "e"

When learning Spanish, there are basic rules taught about word gender: words ending in o are usually masculine, words ending in a are usually feminine. What about words ending in e? Are there any ...
jrdioko's user avatar
  • 17.7k
13 votes
4 answers
13k views

¿Es "la azúcar" o "el azúcar"?

I'm a bit confused: Is "sugar" "la azúcar" or "el azúcar"? If both are correct: Does it depend on the context? Are there more words where both articles can be used?
Martin Thoma's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

How did the syntactical strucutre “me gusta” come to be in Spanish? It seems to be different from its Latin root and other Romance languages

In Spanish there is the structure "Me gusta" where "Me" is the object. But in other Romance languages such as Portuguese "Eu gosto (de isso)" or French "Je goûterai le soir bleu", "eu" and "je" are ...
xji's user avatar
  • 658
12 votes
3 answers
1k views

¿Cuándo se usa "sino" y cuándo "si no"?

Hace poco he leído un libro donde se empleaba el sino. Al principio pensaba que era un error de ortografía, pero me resulta un poco extraño que se equivocaron en poner sino y no separado si no. ¿Qué ...
Voislav Sauca's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
381 views

¿Cómo se llama al recurso sintáctico de duplicar un adjetivo para incrementar su valor?

En mucho lenguajes se puede repetir un adjetivo para incrementar su valor o añadirle ciertas connotaciones. Por ejemplo Viste a Laura en la fiesta? Estaba guapa guapa Sí que la vi. Con ese vestido ...
Diego's user avatar
  • 48k
8 votes
1 answer
208 views

How can this sentence have a negative meaning without a "no"?

How should I translate this sentence? En mi vida le he visto This sentence has the same meaning as No le he visto en mi vida, which means I haven't seen him in my life. But there is not a ...
bruce's user avatar
  • 81
8 votes
2 answers
23k views

What's the difference between "ti" and "te"?

I've heard both "ti" and "te" in learning Spanish, and I don't understand the difference. "Ti" I've heard in: ¿Y a ti? and "te" I've heard in ¿Te gusta ___? So what's the difference in how ...
米凯乐's user avatar
  • 841
7 votes
4 answers
12k views

"Hace sentido" o "tiene sentido"

Estaba leyendo los comentarios sobre la pregunta Te cargó el payaso y me causó dolor ver en este foro la expresión "hace sentido" y ya que este Stack está destinado al conocimiento y buen uso del ...
DGaleano's user avatar
  • 10.6k
7 votes
3 answers
58k views

When should I use 'al'?

I am trying to tell the difference between 'al' and 'a' to refer to a place. I know that you usually use a to refer to a country. But when should you use al? I am trying to teach someone the ...
Jose Luis's user avatar
  • 6,687
7 votes
2 answers
709 views

imperative or subjunctive

In my Spanish class I have learnt that only the second person (s & pl) has distinct forms for the imperative, but the forms for all other persons are the same as for the subjunctive. ...
gpr's user avatar
  • 173
7 votes
2 answers
9k views

¿Es correcto usar dos "comos" y decir "tanto como X como como Y"?

Supongamos que queremos utilizar la expresión Tanto X como Y, por ejemplo: Me gustan tanto el chocolate como los garbanzos Es decir, que me refiero a ambas cosas por igual. Vale, esto me suena ...
fedorqui's user avatar
  • 34k
6 votes
4 answers
5k views

¿Por qué a veces se pone "la" antes de los nombres?

En general, en español los nombres personales no requiren artículos determinados. No obstante, algunas veces he notado excepciones a esta regla. Por ejemplo, en El Retablo de las Maravillas de ...
Obie 2.0's user avatar
  • 1,098
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why say "dame la mano" instead of "dame tu mano"?

"Dame la mano" would mean "give me the hand". Shouldn't it be better to say "give me your hand" by saying "dame tu mano"? For reference this is the entire phrase coming from spanishdict: "Dame la ...
Louis's user avatar
  • 345

1
2 3 4 5