Would it be correct to say,
Hoy es llueve, salvos afortunadamente, manana es hace sol.
when trying to say
Today is rainy, but thankfully tomorrow is sunny.
If not, what would I say instead?
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Hoy llueve, pero gracias a Dios mañana hará Sol
thankfully [ˈθæŋkfəlɪ] ADV 1. (= fortunately) → gracias a Dios, afortunadamente
Thankfully assumes something or someone is responsible for the more positive outcome that deserves a thank you, hence why I think the most accurate translation should include that meaning. You can change Dios to Alá, Jehová or any other deity.
I'll split the answer to explain a few things:
A) "rainy" is an adjective, but "llueve" is a form of the verb "llover". To keep things simple, in Spanish we would say...
"today (it is) raining" = "hoy llueve"
In the future you'll learn how to turn "llueve" in it's adjective, "lluvioso", and other ways to express those concepts, but for your exercise that's enough.
B) "salvo" comes from the verb "salvar", and shares it's root with the words "salvation" and "save". We use it to add an exception to something (to protect it from the previous affirmation) in the same way English use the word "unless".
"tomorrow I'll go to school unless it's raining" = "mañana iré a la escuela salvo que esté lloviendo"
But what you want to express it's not an exception, it's an objection, so you use "pero", the Spanish "but"...
"but thankfully" = "pero afortunadamente"
C) same as A, "es" it's the verb "to be" used for adjectives, but "hace" is also a verb. You have plenty of options here too, but let's keep it simple...
"tomorrow it's sunny" = "mañana hará sol"
"hará" is future for "hace", id you think your teacher will complain, you can leave it in present and it will still be fairly correct.
All of that gives you...
Hoy llueve, pero mañana hará/hace sol
thankfully (with thanks, gratefully) agradecidamente adv. She smiled at us thankfully and said good-bye. Nos sonrió agradecidamente y se despidió.
thankfully (fortunately, luckily) afortunadamente. por suerte.