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What's the difference between tengo and tienes and where can and should I use them? Also, what's the difference between esta and es? Where should I use these?

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  • Have you searched this site? You second question is answered spanish.stackexchange.com/questions/19836/… here. – mdewey Dec 2 '20 at 11:14
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"(Yo) tengo" is the first person singular, present tense, of the verb "tener".

"Tengo dos gatos": "I have two cats". "Tengo 30 años": "I'm 30 years old". "No tengo idea": "I have no clue".

"(Tú) tienes" is the second person, singular, present tense, of the same verb.

"Tienes dos gatos": "You have two cats". "Tienes 30 años": "You are 30 years old".

You can see all the meanings of tener and how to conjugate it here.

About "esta" (I assume you really mean "está") and "es", you should ask a different question, but they are the verbs "estar" and "ser".

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