In my introductory Spanish textbook, it describes the past perfect tense as:
El pretérito perfecto se utiliza para hablar de acciones acabadas en un periodo de tiempo no terminado
Which Google translates as:
The past tense is used to talk about finished actions in an unfinished period of time
I understand the first part about finished actions, but the last part is confusing me. What do they mean by
un periodo de tiempo no terminado
an unfinished period of time
The action has been completed in the past, so why is the time period 'unfinished'
These are some of the uses of this tense that were introduced along with the description
Mi primera semana aquí ha sido muy intensa.
He visitado ya ciudades ...
He viajado en barco ...
He visto pequeños pueblos ...
So to me they were definitely, well and truly in the past.