I'm wondering if there are feminine and masculine versions of every adjective or noun like "Genio" and "Enfadado" ( Which are masculine I think ) and if not how are they used for opposite genders?
No, there are personal nouns in Spanish which are the same for masculine and feminine.
- m. y f. Persona que cultiva alguna de las bellas artes.
And you'll see it has the
m. y f. (masculino y femenino) in all its entries. You can have other examples like "poeta", "testigo" or "pianista". These are called "sustantivos invariables en género". These are NOT "gender-neutral" nouns.
You would have the same for some adjectives like "amable".
Ella es guapa y amable, pero él también es guapo y amable.
These are called adjetivos invariables. Some other examples: feliz, idiota, inteligente, obediente.
1Please note that "poetisa" is the usual feminine for the noun "poeta" (lema.rae.es/dpd/srv/search?key=poeta). Oct 10, 2018 at 20:45
1True, and similarly many other nouns related to professions are developing their own feminine forms. Both "La presidente" and "La presidenta" are valid, much like "La poeta" and "La poetisa". Even "la juez"/"la jueza". "Los sustantivos terminados en –l o –z funcionan para ambos géneros., pero algunos han desarrollado formas en femenino terminadas en "–a"– DiegoOct 10, 2018 at 20:54
Adjectives must match in gender and number with the noun they modify; therefore, all adjectives have masculine and feminine form. Nevertheless, some adjectives are invariable, meaning that the masculine and feminine forms are the same. For instance:
El edificio azul --- La casa azul
As for nouns referring to people, some of them have masculine and feminine forms, which, again, can be the same or not. So we have:
- Variable: El conductor --- La conductora
- Invariable: El artista --- La artista
But some other nouns only have one form, which can be used for men and for women. Take into account that, in Spanish, grammatical gender has a strong correlation with sex, but does not always match. Some nouns, referring to people, which have only one gender:
Judit Polgar fue un genio precoz del ajedrez.
Tom Cruise es una estrella de cine.
Polgar is a woman and Cruise, a man, but you can use a masculine noun for her and a feminine one for him.