2

You can use "se" to construct a passive voice sentence. The passive se formula is this:

se + verb (third person) + noun

Example:

Se vende queso

English tranlation: Cheese sold here

Now I want to say "Only cheese may be sold here" in Spanish. By using Dutch you could say: "Alleen kaas mag hier verkocht worden".

My question: How can I use 2 verbs in the passive se formula?

  • Which two verbs are you referring to? In your request there is arguably one verb, "sell", or else three: "may" (a modal verb), "be" (an auxiliary) and "sell" (as its participle). There are a number of ways to express that meaning in Spanish. – pablodf76 Jun 20 '17 at 18:57
4

Basically, the same way you would with one. Note an active voice construction with and without poder

alguien vende queso
alguien puede vender queso.

To use the pasivo reflejo, first obviously we remove the subject and make the main verb agree with queso (in this case, we change nothing, but if it were quesos artesanales or something, we'd get pueden).

vende(subj: queso) queso
puede(subj: queso) vender queso

Finally, we add in the se pasivo. This will generally (always? too lazy to look in the Gramática) go on the primary verb, be it modal or otherwise.

se vende queso
se puede vender queso

Note that if the object is in the singular, it can also be interpreted (and very likely would be in the case of se puede) as a se impersonal, where English often uses the impersonal you/one. The verb in that case will always be singular, regardless the object.

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  • Thats interesting. I expected to use the word sólo. Why is sólo not necessary? – Julian Jun 21 '17 at 5:42
  • Solo (no accent) isn't actually part of the verb, so I didn't include is as part of my explanation (likewise I omitted aquí) – user0721090601 Jun 21 '17 at 5:44

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