Como se dice:
Fire (as in a forest fire)
Fire (as in your fireplace at home)
Fire (as in a light for a cigarette)
Fire (as in a camp fire)
Fireplace (the kind in your house)
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In Spanish we have
Hoguera, among others.
Fogata is something that you can start in the forest, like a camp fire to roast marshmallows or burn weeds. Is not big.
Hoguera is a big fire. Think of the bonfires of Saint John or burning a witch in a stake. A fire of that size is called
Fuego is the most common and generic word for the fire element. You can refer with that word to almost everything, from El fuego de la chimenea (The fire in the fireplace) to the fire that is devastating a forest (by the way, that would be called an incendio. Incendio forestal, if is in the forest and just incendio if is a building. Chimenea is Spanish for fireplace).
Lumbre is a smaller fire, used to cook or to heat the place in the old houses (the
lumbre used to heat the place would be considered smaller than the fire in a fireplace). With that word you can describe not only a household fire, but the material that use are using to burn ("Tráeme algo de lumbre para el fuego, que se está apagando" Bring me some lumber for the fire).
I have heard some people use
lumbre when they ask you to light their cigarette (probably because the fire in a lighter or match is so small) but the most common word for that is
Perdona, me das fuego? excuse me, could you light my cigarette?
So, sorted by size
Incendio forestal, o incendio en general es un fuego sin control.
Chimenea u hogar, el lugar donde se hace fuego para calentarse en la casa.
Fogón para cocinar.
Fogata en el campamento.
Hoguera para quemar o incinerar cosas o personas. En hogueras quemaban a las brujas y a los herejes en la Edad Media.
Fuego, fósforos o encendedor para los cigarrillos. También lumbre, mecha y otras formas populares.