1

Como se dice:

  • Fire (as in a forest fire)

  • Fire (as in your fireplace at home)

  • Fire (as in a light for a cigarette)

  • Fire (as in a camp fire)

  • Fireplace (the kind in your house)

thank you so much! i love this website!

  • You have asked 5 distinct questions here. Please ask one question per post. And be sure to do sufficient research before asking. That means you should consult an English/Spanish dictionary for each word first, and ask us only when you still have doubts. – Flimzy Dec 16 '14 at 2:03
  • Gracias para la ayuda! – PonyVilla Dec 17 '14 at 0:01
3

In Spanish we have Fuego, Lumbre, Fogata y Hoguera, among others.

Fogata is something that you can start in the forest, like a camp fire to roast marshmallows or burn weeds. Is not big.

Hoguera is a big fire. Think of the bonfires of Saint John or burning a witch in a stake. A fire of that size is called Hoguera.

Fuego is the most common and generic word for the fire element. You can refer with that word to almost everything, from El fuego de la chimenea (The fire in the fireplace) to the fire that is devastating a forest (by the way, that would be called an incendio. Incendio forestal, if is in the forest and just incendio if is a building. Chimenea is Spanish for fireplace).

Lumbre is a smaller fire, used to cook or to heat the place in the old houses (the lumbre used to heat the place would be considered smaller than the fire in a fireplace). With that word you can describe not only a household fire, but the material that use are using to burn ("Tráeme algo de lumbre para el fuego, que se está apagando" Bring me some lumber for the fire).

I have heard some people use lumbre when they ask you to light their cigarette (probably because the fire in a lighter or match is so small) but the most common word for that is fuego too.

Perdona, me das fuego? excuse me, could you light my cigarette?

So, sorted by size

  • Incendio
  • Hoguera
  • Fuego (en la chimenea) o fogata (en el campo)
  • Lumbre
  • Llama (for a lighter, matches or a candle. Kudos to @Paloma for this one [see comments])
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  • gracias para la ayuda! – PonyVilla Dec 15 '14 at 20:58
  • una cosa más. Yo se madera is wood pero come se dice "firewood" para la chimenea en la casa?? – PonyVilla Dec 15 '14 at 21:00
  • Se suele usar "Leña" – Diego Dec 15 '14 at 21:02
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    En Chile, si la fogata a leña está adentro de una casa se le dice fogón. Si es de carbón se le dice brasero. – Rodrigo Dec 15 '14 at 21:29
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    Para el caso del mechero, la cerilla o la vela, quizá incuiría «llama», que, si bien no es fuego propiamente dicho, y tampoco es «fire» en inglés (es «flame»), también se usa, ya que es un fuego muy pequeño. – Paloma Dec 15 '14 at 23:51
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Incendio forestal, o incendio en general es un fuego sin control.

Chimenea u hogar, el lugar donde se hace fuego para calentarse en la casa.

Fogón para cocinar.

Fogata en el campamento.

Hoguera para quemar o incinerar cosas o personas. En hogueras quemaban a las brujas y a los herejes en la Edad Media.

Fuego, fósforos o encendedor para los cigarrillos. También lumbre, mecha y otras formas populares.

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  • Gracias para ayudarme! – PonyVilla Dec 17 '14 at 0:01

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