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¡Buenas, amigos! Yo tengo una pregunta, yo escucho una canción, y algunas palabras son:

"Te tengo que decir adios"

¿Cómo? Al decir "I have to say goodbye" en español, ¿por qué no dice "yo tengo a decir adios"? Porque dice "te" antes de "tengo"? ¿Y por qué dice "que" y no "a" antes de "decir"?

Gracias, y lo siento por mi español, yo sé que no es bueno pero ¡¡estoy aprendiendo!!

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Though "I have to say goodbye" could be translated merely as "Tengo que decir adiós", "Te tengo que decir adiós" is literally "I have to say goodbye to you". Te here is just a use of the dative case, that's why it's easier to understand it if you look at the sentence as "I have to say goodbye to you", you can see now the noun which the goodbye is being addressed to.

As for why tengo que is used is because "have to" implies obligation or necessity, which in Spanish needs the conjunction que, just like in English it needs to in order to become a modal verb (often considered as such, not sure if it indeed is one or just simply the verb like in Spanish).

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  • Puede decir "tengo que decir adios a ti" tambien? O no? Nov 2 '14 at 2:10
  • @ThomasStringer In theory, you could say that. But I feel like you still need to add the te at the end of decir. "Tengo que decirte adiós a ti", which sounds much better but not quite, since you already have the atonic personal pronoun indicating who you're referring to, you'd end up dropping the a ti. Nov 2 '14 at 5:51
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The sentence uses "Te" because it refers to someone, i.e: "I have to say goodbye [to you]". About why it uses "que" instead of "a", with "a" the sentence won't have any meaning, in Spanish, "have to" is almost always translated to "tener que" (in this case "tengo que").

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