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1

To give a full answer, we must define what type of conjugation we're doing. You've said second person singular, but there are three (!) different pronouns that can refer to singular things in the second person: tú, usted, and the oft forgotten vos. If the intended pronoun/person is usted, then we use the third-person singular conjugation and there's no ...


2

fue es el pretérito perfecto simple (o pretérito indefinido). era es el pretérito imperfecto. La diferencia entre pretérito perfecto simple y pretérito imperfecto es complicada. Sin embargo, puede resumirse en: El pretérito perfecto simple se usa cuando nos referimos a una acción puntual en el pasado. El pretérito imperfecto se usa cuando nos referimos ...


5

You're thinking that "He" acts as the subject, aren't you? Well, it's not. It's the verb (In fact "He prometido" is the verb) In Spanish you can apply an pronoun ellipsis when it acts as the subject. For example, you can say: Yo escribo una carta or Escribo una carta. In your example (He prometido) you're using a compound tense of the verb ...


5

It's exactly the same as "Have" in english. "He" is a verbal tense of the verb "haber". (In your example, in english, "I have promised...") Where is the doubt? Maybe you are missing the subject, the person; in spanish you can skip it because it's implied in the verbal tense itself (Yo he, Tu has, Él ha, etc.), but it would be also correct to say "Yo he ...



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