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8

"Don", "Señor" and "Caballero" come from nobility titles granted in the Middle Ages. They are widely accepted in some countries/regions, and frowned upon in others. From those three, "señor" is the safest bet, but as you already saw, it is not completely safe. The same with "joven" or "chico". Not always safe. I think your best choices are (as already ...


8

"Señor" adressed to someone young is perceived as calling someone old but it's not seen as an insult. You said he was a waiter so "camarero" would be more correct (whatever his age was) but generally we don't use any specific word, if you want to call's someones attention is usually with a "¿Oiga/Oye?" or "¿Perdone/na?" "¿Disculpa/pe?", if it's someone youg ...


5

No. In a conversation, you can try to guess it (age, ring, etc.) and expect to be corrected (not too harshly) if wrong (and if the other party cares about your mistake). In more formal situations, a common way is just stating "Señora o Señorita". I think this distinction is less important than in English, since a woman does not take her husband's name. So, ...



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