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It's a stylistic form which replaces the pluperfect or perfect tenses. It appears mainly in adjectival clauses. It isn't common in normal conversation. Es una forma estilística que reemplaza al pretérito pluscuamperfecto de indicativo o al pretérito perfecto simple. Se usa mucho en Argentina; creo que poco en otros lugares. La excelente hispanoteca.eu da ...


The previous answer is correct, but it should also be noted that the expressed or implied USTED on the right-hand expressions "¡MIRE!" or "¡PARE!" and other similar ones, is conjugated in the THIRD person, not the second. The second plural/formal "vosotros" is quite used in Spain but nearly nonexistent in Latin America.


No, not indicative nor subjunctive. If you give an order or a request, the verb is conjugated in the imperative. The problem is that in the second person singular, the imperative has two forms depending on formality of the context Example in Latin American way: ¡Para, por favor!: you're talking to someone familiarly, without differences of rank or age. ...


The subjunctive is used in modern Spanish virtually exclusively in subordinate clauses.1 For this reason, the main clause of any question is in the indicative. However, what you're thinking about does come into play with certain types of questions where subjunctive would not be allowed in the declarative counterpart: ¿Crees que exista Dios? — Sí, creo ...

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