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11

El uso del subjuntivo con valor de indicativo es bastante común en el periodismo, aunque se considera incorrecto y la mayoría de los manuales de estilo lo desaconsejan. Por último, el que más espacio dedica a la advertencia sobre ese mal uso es nuestro Manual de Español Urgente: "No debe aparecer en los despachos de la agencia la forma cantara como ...


9

Subtle... Mientras llueve, escucho música. (llueve: indicative) While it rains, I listen to music Mientras llueva, me quedaré en casa. (llueva: subjunctive ) As long as it rains, I'll stay at home. "Mientras + indicative" implies mere simultaneity (at the same time something happens, another thing takes place). "Mientras + ...


8

I believe the literal equivalent "that" used to be used in formal English but has now all but disappeared. Wiktionary gives this definition for this sense of English "that": (archaic) Introducing a hypothetical fact or supposition: ‘given that’, ‘as would appear from the fact that’. [from 11th c.] It can be thought of as a kind of subjunctive ...


6

Como comenta Javi, es un error de la aplicación. Puedes checar en la RAE que las formas correctas son: yo adelgace tú adelgaces él adelgace nosotros adelgacemos vosotros/ustedes adelgacéis / adelgacen ellos adelgacen


6

The "simple future subjunctive" is a verbal tense whose function is to express some action that: Hasn't happened yet. There's some possibility that it will happen in the future. These features aren't expressed by any other verbal tense in a direct way, and in order to approach to it, they should need some additional adverbs or just simply use the context ...


6

The Diccionario panhispánico de dudas explains that there are two major types of voseo: Reverential voseo: archaic and ceremonial usage. Spanish speakers in the Americas are familiar with this type of voseo from historic and religious texts. American dialectal voseo: the different forms of voseo from the Spanish dialects of the Americas. The Diccionario ...


6

El imperfecto de subjuntivo tiene dos conjugaciones posibles, pero las dos son válidas y equivalentes. Es decir, las dos significan exactamente lo mismo y pueden ser intercambiadas, no hay ninguna distinción. En tu ejemplo, por tanto, los dos verbos significan lo mismo: Sí hubiera/hubiese sabido que iba a llover, me habría quedado en casa. Puedes ...


6

Sería correcto hubieran, en caso de que se refirieran a ellos/ellas. Me alegraba que hubieran tenido tanta suerte. En este caso, se refiere a un hecho impersonal, haber elecciones, por lo que siempre va a ser hubiera/hubiese.


6

The word usted is derived from the ancient expression vuestra merced (your mercy), which was used to politely/formally address other people several centuries ago. When you addressed someone as vuestra merced, you were not directly addressing them, but something else ("their mercy"); hence the use of the 3rd person that has been kept to our days. Many other ...


6

¿Requiérese el subjuntivo? No. ¿Admítese el subjuntivo? Sí. Doyte un ejemplo que creo que te lo hará claro. La cosa de las mujeres que me gusta es que me inviten a salir con ellas. (hablo de las mujeres en general; soy viejísimo, feísimo y paupérrimo y hay una escasa posibilidad de que me hablen) La cosa de las mujeres que me gusta es que me ...


5

This bears a direct correspondence to the classic confusion between subjuntive and conditional, for hypothetical situations: Si pidieras ayuda, tus cosas marcharían mejor. (If you asked for help, things would go better) (Present Unreal Conditional) This is the correct form for the present case (subjuntive/conditional). It would be clearly wrong to ...


5

Well... it's pretty... subjective and probably complex to explain to English native speakers, but I would say that When I use the subjunctive mood, I am expressing some conditional idea or desire. Actually, why not... ...When I use the subjunctive mood, I am expressing doubt, uncertainty, emotion, desire, recommendation, denial, or disbelief ...


5

Your friend is correct and both statements are correctly translated in the quesitons. I can't tell you why (as in historically where these things came from) the subjunctive is not used in your "present tense" example. I can give you some more examples and rules about the subjunctive in this case. First, the subjunctive is used for expressing uncertainty ...


4

The advice I was always given was that there is no difference in the meaning, but to stick to one of them (ie don't mix and match) in a conversation/piece of text.


4

This can be a very involved topic, and it would take pages to discuss all the nuances (see any Spanish grammar book). But the basic idea, as Wikipedia puts it, is: The subjunctive of a verb is used to express certain connotations in sentences such as a wish or desire, a demand, an emotion, uncertainty, or doubt. The subjunctive is technically a ...


4

A very reduced explanation of the use of subjunctive tense in Spanish, is related to the subordinated sentences explained in Spanish syntax. When you're using subordinated sentences, its verb is usually conjugated in subjunctive tense while the main sentence's verb is conjugated in indicative. When you must analyze the specific cases when subjunctive tense ...


3

Si (yo/él/usted) hubiera sido rico, hubiera/habría comprado un carro. This means that if you would have been rich at that time you would have bought the car. This can imply that the situation might have changed. For example you may no longer interested in buying the car. But if at that time the condition would have been true you would have done it. The ...


3

El problema es el subjuntivo. Por lo general, la respuesta correcta es tal y como señala Alenanno: "habría". Y lo correcto (por lo general) es "habría" pues debemos tener en cuenta que una frase con todos los verbos en modo subjuntivo es una frase incompleta (a menos que se pueda completar tácitamente por el contexto) que deja al interlocutor esperando que ...


3

There is a slight difference in meaning, even in English, between "I think there isn't room" and "I don't think there is room." It's usually just semantics, but the first is technically a positive statement of a lack of belief, where as the second is a statement of uncertainty. A common case where the difference actually matters is in the definition of an ...


3

"...no pensaban que hubiera..." is softer than "...pensaban que no había...". I think it's the same in English: "I don't think so" is softer than "I think not". At least in Spanish, if I say "No pienso X", I'm not commiting myself regarding whether X or not-X is true. But if I say "Pienso que no X", then I'm commiting myself to not-X.


3

Don't trust song lyrics since many times they are not grammatically correct. They just try to fix themselves to the melody. If you check the lyrics first he says the sentence twice but in both ways: No importa qué diga el destino We don't know yet what it has said. (Subjunctive for supposition), and it doesn't matter what Fate can say. No me ...


3

I found an article that explains it really well. But your second example "que reunamos a las 6" sound wrong to me, maybe in some context can be right but not standing alone. Edit: sorry, didn't see the comments until after I answered.


3

I think that estar is a tricky verb for the example as I've said in the comments. I agree with fedorqui on sentence #1 Si pudieras vivir donde quisieras, ¿Dónde vivirías? In sentences #2 and #3 your problem is that you are looking for concordance in the subordinate sentence (the one introduced by que), and while you certainly cannot use any tense, ...


3

Yes, it is correct, the subjunctive is the correct verbal time that you need to use there, as both actions were ocurring in the past but at the same time or shortly after. Here, some uses of the "preterito imperfecto de subjuntivo" form are explained: http://espanol.lingolia.com/es/gramatica/tiempos-subjuntivo/preterito-imperfecto (I think this one is the ...


3

Your first sentence is not formed correctly. Note that the positive, indicative form is: Creo que hice lo mejor que podía hacer. When you change it to negative form, what needs to be in subjunctive is the main verb of the proposition you now distrust, which in this case is hice. You need to use the present perfect subjunctive, which is haya hecho. The ...


3

Existe una regla simple: si, al pasar la oración al presente de indicativo (tal vez debas modificarla ligeramente para ello), el verbo haber se convierte en hay, tienes un caso de verbo haber impersonal. Y la construcción impersonal siempre va en singular. En este caso: Me alegraba de que hubiera(n) nuevas elecciones. --> Me alegro porque hay nuevas ...


3

Usted is equivalent to you (2nd person) in English but it uses the third person form of the verbs (like he, she, it) in Spanish. presente verbo es: yo soy tú eres él es nosotros somos vosotros sois ellos son Usted must use 'es'.


3

"Tú" and "Usted" are the second personal-pronoun. Both of them. We use "Tú" for friends, siblings, people of our age, sometimes younger people than us, or someone that we have confidence with, With "Usted" we refer to older people than you, professors, maybe your parents and older familiars, or someone you don't have that much confidence with. It shows ...


3

Si quieres... is the right way to say it. Always. Meaning If you want... Si quieras... simply does not make sense (at least in Spain). It is true that it can be understood (as @EmilioGort mentions) like you think that the person who you are talking to probably does not want what you are asking. But this is some kind of interpretation. It could be something ...



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