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10

The Nobel prize Camilo José Cela once said: "No es lo mismo estar dormido que estar durmiendo, como no es lo mismo estar jodido que estar jodiendo.". The anecdote surrounding this funny quote illustrates well how the usage of gerund ("dormido", "jodido") and past participle ("durmiendo", "dormido") don't always carry the same meaning. Apparently Cela, as ...


7

When you use "usted" to address someone (here implicitly), you need to use the third person singular so the proper pronoun is "su". Por favor, (dame) tu maleta. (informal) Por favor, (deme) su maleta. (formal, honorific) See usted and its usage


2

Se cannot be used for a true passive, hence it's often called the fake passive for SSL students, because it's actually in active voice. To take your sentences The book is being read by me. active Yo leo el libro. passive El libro es leído por mi. “se passive” Se lee el libro (*por mí) “se passive” passive El libro es leído por sí mismo. Notice the ...


2

As @toni mentioned the use of le/les or se depends on the type of the Object Pronouns (direct vs. indirect pronombres): DO Pronouns: me, te, lo/la, nos, os, los/las IO Pronounce: me, te, le, nos, os, les When both are used in the same sentence, like here: Ella te los dan.She gives them to you.IO: teDO: los Él me lo dice. He tells it to me.IO: ...


2

The indirect object pronouns le & les change to se when proceding the direct object pronouns lo, la, los & las. I give it to him- Se lo doy. (can't be Le lo doy) She tells her mom the truth--She tells it to her. Se la dice. Se is also used "impersonally" when it means "one" in general. One can buy milk here= Se puede comprar leche aquí.


2

I assume the sentence is "Observo al hombre echado en el suelo", right? For starters, "observo" is really "Yo observo" so it's actually first person (which translates to "I observe") Notice it's in present tense. "Yo observé" is the correct translation of "I observed" Now, "echado" is a common word, and a synonym of "acostado", or "tirado".. both of which ...


1

Estar echado and echar mean different things, first meaning is state and the second one is an action which means i.e. to throw, to toss, etc. It's impossible to confound them. Estar echado and echarse can be confounded because the first one is a logical consequence of second one, so Yo me echo (action) leads to yo estoy echado (final state of that action). ...


1

There are two differences going on here. One is the difference between a present participle, "lying", and a past participle, "echado". You've noticed this. The other is a subtle difference between the relationship between the man and the verb. A person takes the action of lying down. The action of "echarse" (note the reflexive form) is an action, yes, ...



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