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The confusion likely comes from three facts: When used with redundant pronoun, indirect objects must necessarily be introduced with a (para rejects redundant pronouns). When a direct object is a animate (that is, a person or otheranthropomorphized being), it must necessarily be precedeed with the preposition a. The direct object pronoun may be either lo ...


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The personal a is meant most of the time for emphasis. Your sentence lacks the emphasis Si una abeja le pica a usted le va a salir una roncha


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Your first example is wrong: Se frotan las manos por José. Literally, this might mean They rub their hands because of José; quite absurd, probably, but this is the literal meaning of this sentence. In fact, this would mean They have high expectations because of José. If you mean The hands are rubbed by José, or better, José rubs his hands, we would ...


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A reflexive verb is indicating that the object of the action matches the subject performs the action. For example, the following sentence illustrates the significance of reflexivity (although not a sentence you can actually use): Juan frota loción en el cuerpo del mismo Juan. Juan frota loción en él mismo. (Your teacher's option) Syntactically ...


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You use the masculine articles "el" and "un" before nouns that start with a stressed "a" sound (source: Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas), independently of their true gender, which can be revealed by (1) changing the noun to plural or by (2) adding an adjective. For example, ábaco is masculine, but hacha (which also starts with an "a" sound because the h ...


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Feminine words that use masculine articles are explained thoroughly in paragraph two of this articles from the DPD. It also explains the exceptions to the general rule (feminine nouns starting in a stressed a- use the masculine article). But, in any case, words like alma don't change their gender; alma is feminine, even if it uses a masculine article: Juan ...



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