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42

Both signs encapsulate statements that make an exclamation or a question or both. In the usage of both it is very important to have the following considerations: They have to be used at the beginning and the end of the statement. It is mandatory in spanish to use them. It will not be ignored as in the spelling of other languages that use only the ending ...


40

Accents are important anywhere you want to use formal language, look professional, etc. Places where using "correct" Spanish is important. Writing an article for publication, a letter to a superior, in exams. Despite what other people say in their answers, leaving out accents doesn't result in sore eyes, confused readers, hard to read text. If you're ...


21

In Ancient Castillian, words like "caja", "bajo", and "jaraba" were originally spelled with an "x", and pronounced as "sh" (voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant). In the mid- to late-1700s the spellings were changed from an "x" to a "j", including words like "Mejico" and "Tejas". During that time, the "j" was actually pronounced as a "j" in English. Over ...


19

Aquel is an adjective whereas Aquél is a pronoun. Aquel edificio es grande. -That building is large. Aquél es grande. -That one is large.


17

Por qué asks the question why. ¿Por qué hiciste eso? Porque means because. Porque puedo. Porqué translates roughly to reason. Quiero saber el porqué de esta decisión.


17

Yes, sic or (sic) is also used in Spanish. From DRAE: sic. (Del lat. sic, así). adv. U. en impresos y manuscritos españoles, por lo general entre paréntesis, para dar a entender que una palabra o frase empleada en ellos, y que pudiera parecer inexacta, es textual.


17

In my opinion the accents are very important to ease the readability of your text. Because Spanish is a inflectional language, we make from a single root many words (e.g. verbal conjugation) whose only difference is which syllable has the stress: El camino (the road) Él caminó (he walked) Yo camino (I walk) And also, we have the diacritic ...


16

Until 2010, the official rule was to use accent (tilde diacrítica in Spanish) to differentiate the pronoun from the adjective, as @snumpy has already said. The (IMHO) sad news is that since 2010 the rules have been changed by RAE, and now it is recommended to avoid the use of the accent in this case, even when there is an obvious case of ambiguity: ...


16

"Si no" = if + negative Si no coges el paraguas, te mojarás [If you don't take your umbrella with you, you'll get wet] "Sino"= similar to "but" ("instead" in a negative way; "except", "only") No llegan mañana, sino el martes. [They don't arrive tomorrow, but on Tuesday] Este vídeo puede ser de ayuda


15

Usted is a descendent of medieval Spanish Vuestra Merced, meaning "your mercy". It was an expression used to address upper classes in feudal Spain and evolved to be the general form of respectful address in the language in the seventeenth century or later. The letters "u" and "v" — like the letters "i" and "j" — were written the same in Latin. The choice of ...


15

You should absolutely use them - it's not a matter of pedantry. Otherwise you'll be forcing people to correct intonation in their minds - making any lengthy enough text a headache.


14

¿Cuándo pasó eso? El 17 de diciembre de 2010, en una sesión conjunta del pleno de la Real Academia Española (RAE) y de la Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (ASALE), se presentó la RAE la nueva edición de la Ortografía de la lengua española, que viene a sustituir a la anteriormente vigente, de 1999. ¿Cuáles fueron las palabras ...


13

Según el "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico" de J. Corominas y J.A. Pascual, ouo es una forma antigua del verbo haber que equivale a hubo . Tan grand pesar ouo el Rey don alfonsso... Cantar de Mio Cid (c. 1200)


12

After the last edition of the "Gramática Española" "o" never has an accent mark. Until now the accent was used when "o" was between numbers (so it can't be confused with a 0). From RAE, nueva gramática Supresión de la tilde diacrítica en la conjunción disyuntiva o escrita entre cifras Hasta ahora se venía recomendando escribir con tilde la ...


12

Solo has an accent when it means "only" and can be mistaken with "alone": Compare these two sentences: Voy a estar solo un día. = I'm going to stay alone for a day. Voy a estar sólo un día. = I'm going to stay just one day. When I learnt the rule, I was told "si puede sustituirse por únicamente, lleva tilde", but the actual rule is, "si ...


12

To split the diphthong "uo", otherwise it would be pronounced [bu'o], with the stress in the "o". Briefly: Se tilda para romper el diptongo /uo/: si no se tildara sería una palabra monosílaba /buó/; gracias a la tilde es bisílaba /bú-o/. Yes, there are specific rules about accents, and all vowels can be accented, it's not about the vowel, but about ...


11

Yes, there are other pairs of words which can be written with and without accent marks; for example (definitions taken from the DRAE): omóplato u omoplato. (Del lat. omoplăte, y este del gr. ὠμοπλάτη). m. Anat. Cada uno de los dos huesos anchos, casi planos, situados a uno y otro lado de la espalda, donde se articulan los húmeros y las clavículas. ...


11

Spanish suggests the open question mark but modern Spanish doesn't enforce its use. Anyway, be careful where it goes. Using your examples, you could say: Hola, ¿cómo estás? And also Eso es maravilloso, ¿verdad? You don't use the open question mark at the beginning because the entire sentence is not a question, actually Hola (within a greeting) is ...


11

Debe ser membresía. La palabra membrecía no está registrada en la edición 23 del diccionario RAE. En cambio la palabra membresía sí figura definida como: Membresía: f. Ec., El Salv., Guat., Hond., Méx. y Pan. Condición de miembro de una entidad. f. Cuba, Guat., Hond., Méx. y Pan. Conjunto de miembros. Referencia En cualquier caso, se ...


11

Según la Real Academia Española: Se escriben con mayúscula la primera palabra del título de cualquier obra de creación (libros, películas, cuadros, esculturas, piezas musicales, programas de radio o televisión, etc.); el resto de las palabras que lo componen, salvo que se trate de nombres propios, deben escribirse con minúscula: Últimas tardes con ...


10

Well it actually is about the meaning. "Más" and "mas" are different words. Más can be comparative adverb or a noun. As a comparative adverb: Ve más rápido. Es el más fuerte. Fuimos más de diez personas. ¡Qué casa más bonita! As a noun, is mathematical addition "+": Dos más dos igual a cuatro. Mas is an adversative conjunction. ...


10

According to the Wikipedia page for the Spanish language, under "Writing system", they are all loanwords (directly integrated or words "adapted" to the Spanish writing system): The letters "k" and "w" are used only in words and names coming from foreign languages (kilo, folklore, whiskey, William, etc. The single origin for each word is obviously ...


10

Months and week days Today is Monday. (Hoy es lunes.) Why is February the shortest month? (¿Por qué febrero es el mes más corto?) Nationalities, languages and religions He's French. (Él es francés.) Jacob speaks Spanish. (Jacob habla español.) Ana is Catholic (Ana es católica) Titles in works In Spanish, titles have the same ...


10

Accents are essential when there is a possibility of confusion. The Real Academia Española recognizes that there are occasions when accents may be omitted. The words éste or aquél, for example, don't require an accent when there is no risk of confusing the word with the adjective. By comparison, o should have an accent when it comes between numerals, in ...


9

In 2010, RAE made a number of changes in Spanish spelling. One of them was exclusion of the graphical accent in monosyllabic words with diphtongs or triphthongs: guion, truhan, fie, liais, etc. First, RAE introduced strict rules to define what is a diphtong for spelling purposes: an open vowel (/a/, /e/, /o/) followed or preceded by a closed unstressed ...


9

The "strong R" (as in Rat) is spelled as just one r when in the middle of a word follows an L, M, N or S. As it's said in the comments, maybe M should not be considered because I can't think on any word with "mr". Examples: Alrededor, Conrado, desratizar... la letra R


9

The Spanish names for the hyphen, en-dash and em-dash are guión, semiraya o raya menor, and raya, respectively. In Spanish, the en-dash is not widely used although, due to English influence, its use has become rather common nowadays. The raya (em-dash) usually indicates separation; for example, it signals interventions of different characters in a dialogue ...


8

Creo que lo que a vos te interesa es lo que dice al respecto la normativa de la R. A. E. En ese caso, la respuesta es que la palabra gobierno cuando significa ‘órgano superior del poder ejecutivo de un Estado o de una comunidad política’ debe escribirse con mayúscula inicial, y por tanto se aplica no solo cuando se refiere al órgano de un Estado ...


8

The Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas from the RAE claims that: The letter b is called la be and may also be called be alta or be larga in the Americas. The letter v is called la uve and may also be called ve, ve baja, ve corta, or ve chica. The recommended name is uve to clearly distinguish the letter from b. As a side note, the RAE also claims that: ...


8

According to Wikipedia (English article, Spanish article), the use of the at sign (arroba) as a combination of o and a for gender-neutrality reasons has been growing in recent years. Proponents see it as a useful means of achieving gender-neutral spelling. Opponents argue that the -o ending already encompasses both sexes, and the use of the at sign is ...



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