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40

Both signs encapsulate statements that make an exclamation or a question or both. In the usage of both it is very important to have the following considerations: They have to be used at the beginning and the end of the statement. It is mandatory in spanish to use them. It will not be ignored as in the spelling of other languages that use only the ending ...


38

Accents are important anywhere you want to use formal language, look professional, etc. Places where using "correct" Spanish is important. Writing an article for publication, a letter to a superior, in exams. Despite what other people say in their answers, leaving out accents doesn't result in sore eyes, confused readers, hard to read text. If you're ...


21

In Ancient Castillian, words like "caja", "bajo", and "jaraba" were originally spelled with an "x", and pronounced as "sh" (voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant). In the mid- to late-1700s the spellings were changed from an "x" to a "j", including words like "Mejico" and "Tejas". During that time, the "j" was actually pronounced as a "j" in English. Over ...


17

In my opinion the accents are very important to ease the readability of your text. Because Spanish is a inflectional language, we make from a single root many words (e.g. verbal conjugation) whose only difference is which syllable has the stress: El camino (the road) Él caminó (he walked) Yo camino (I walk) And also, we have the diacritic ...


16

Por qué asks the question why. ¿Por qué hiciste eso? Porque means because. Porque puedo. Porqué translates roughly to reason. Quiero saber el porqué de esta decisión.


16

Until 2010, the official rule was to use accent (tilde diacrítica in Spanish) to differentiate the pronoun from the adjective, as @snumpy has already said. The (IMHO) sad news is that since 2010 the rules have been changed by RAE, and now it is recommended to avoid the use of the accent in this case, even when there is an obvious case of ambiguity: ...


16

"Si no" = if + negative Si no coges el paraguas, te mojarás [If you don't take your umbrella with you, you'll get wet] "Sino"= similar to "but" ("instead" in a negative way; "except", "only") No llegan mañana, sino el martes. [They don't arrive tomorrow, but on Tuesday] Este vídeo puede ser de ayuda


14

¿Cuándo pasó eso? El 17 de diciembre de 2010, en una sesión conjunta del pleno de la Real Academia Española (RAE) y de la Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española (ASALE), se presentó la RAE la nueva edición de la Ortografía de la lengua española, que viene a sustituir a la anteriormente vigente, de 1999. ¿Cuáles fueron las palabras ...


13

Usted is a descendent of medieval Spanish Vuestra Merced, meaning "your mercy". It was an expression used to address upper classes in feudal Spain and evolved to be the general form of respectful address in the language in the seventeenth century or later. The letters "u" and "v" — like the letters "i" and "j" — were written the same in Latin. The choice of ...


13

Yes, sic or (sic) is also used in Spanish. From DRAE: sic. (Del lat. sic, así). adv. U. en impresos y manuscritos españoles, por lo general entre paréntesis, para dar a entender que una palabra o frase empleada en ellos, y que pudiera parecer inexacta, es textual.


13

Según el "Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico" de J. Corominas y J.A. Pascual, ouo es una forma antigua del verbo haber que equivale a hubo . Tan grand pesar ouo el Rey don alfonsso... Cantar de Mio Cid (c. 1200)


12

After the last edition of the "Gramática Española" "o" never has an accent mark. Until now the accent was used when "o" was between numbers (so it can't be confused with a 0). From RAE, nueva gramática Supresión de la tilde diacrítica en la conjunción disyuntiva o escrita entre cifras Hasta ahora se venía recomendando escribir con tilde la ...


12

Solo has an accent when it means "only" and can be mistaken with "alone": Compare these two sentences: Voy a estar solo un día. = I'm going to stay alone for a day. Voy a estar sólo un día. = I'm going to stay just one day. When I learnt the rule, I was told "si puede sustituirse por únicamente, lleva tilde", but the actual rule is, "si ...


12

To split the diphthong "uo", otherwise it would be pronounced [bu'o], with the stress in the "o". Briefly: Se tilda para romper el diptongo /uo/: si no se tildara sería una palabra monosílaba /buó/; gracias a la tilde es bisílaba /bú-o/. Yes, there are specific rules about accents, and all vowels can be accented, it's not about the vowel, but about ...


11

Spanish suggests the open question mark but modern Spanish doesn't enforce its use. Anyway, be careful where it goes. Using your examples, you could say: Hola, ¿cómo estás? And also Eso es maravilloso, ¿verdad? You don't use the open question mark at the beginning because the entire sentence is not a question, actually Hola (within a greeting) is ...


11

Yes, there are other pairs of words which can be written with and without accent marks; for example (definitions taken from the DRAE): omóplato u omoplato. (Del lat. omoplăte, y este del gr. ὠμοπλάτη). m. Anat. Cada uno de los dos huesos anchos, casi planos, situados a uno y otro lado de la espalda, donde se articulan los húmeros y las clavículas. ...


11

Debe ser membresía. La palabra membrecía no está registrada en la edición 23 del diccionario RAE. En cambio la palabra membresía sí figura definida como: Membresía: f. Ec., El Salv., Guat., Hond., Méx. y Pan. Condición de miembro de una entidad. f. Cuba, Guat., Hond., Méx. y Pan. Conjunto de miembros. Referencia En cualquier caso, se ...


10

According to the Wikipedia page for the Spanish language, under "Writing system", they are all loanwords (directly integrated or words "adapted" to the Spanish writing system): The letters "k" and "w" are used only in words and names coming from foreign languages (kilo, folklore, whiskey, William, etc. The single origin for each word is obviously ...


10

Months and week days Today is Monday. (Hoy es lunes.) Why is February the shortest month? (¿Por qué febrero es el mes más corto?) Nationalities, languages and religions He's French. (Él es francés.) Jacob speaks Spanish. (Jacob habla español.) Ana is Catholic (Ana es católica) Titles in works In Spanish, titles have the same ...


10

Well it actually is about the meaning. "Más" and "mas" are different words. Más can be comparative adverb or a noun. As a comparative adverb: Ve más rápido. Es el más fuerte. Fuimos más de diez personas. ¡Qué casa más bonita! As a noun, is mathematical addition "+": Dos más dos igual a cuatro. Mas is an adversative conjunction. ...


9

Accents are essential when there is a possibility of confusion. The Real Academia Española recognizes that there are occasions when accents may be omitted. The words éste or aquél, for example, don't require an accent when there is no risk of confusing the word with the adjective. By comparison, o should have an accent when it comes between numerals, in ...


9

In 2010, RAE made a number of changes in Spanish spelling. One of them was exclusion of the graphical accent in monosyllabic words with diphtongs or triphthongs: guion, truhan, fie, liais, etc. First, RAE introduced strict rules to define what is a diphtong for spelling purposes: an open vowel (/a/, /e/, /o/) followed or preceded by a closed unstressed ...


9

The "strong R" (as in Rat) is spelled as just one r when in the middle of a word follows an L, M, N or S. As it's said in the comments, maybe M should not be considered because I can't think on any word with "mr". Examples: Alrededor, Conrado, desratizar... la letra R


8

According to Wikipedia (English article, Spanish article), the use of the at sign (arroba) as a combination of o and a for gender-neutrality reasons has been growing in recent years. Proponents see it as a useful means of achieving gender-neutral spelling. Opponents argue that the -o ending already encompasses both sexes, and the use of the at sign is ...


8

The proper spelling is Béisbol: Diccionario de la lengua española. It's accented because is a palabra grave, that is to say, its stress is on the second syllable from right to left. I've also seen the original word baseball written in spanish texts, but it should be considered an anglicismo. The same happens with football and handball. Interesting ...


8

The Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas from the RAE claims that: The letter b is called la be and may also be called be alta or be larga in the Americas. The letter v is called la uve and may also be called ve, ve baja, ve corta, or ve chica. The recommended name is uve to clearly distinguish the letter from b. As a side note, the RAE also claims that: ...


8

En efecto, no se debe hacer uso de la coma para separar elementos gramaticales cuando media alguna de las conjunciones y, e, ni, o, u, salvo en los siguientes casos (el siguiente texto es tomado de la Ortografía de la Lengua Española): Se coloca una coma delante de la conjunción cuando la secuencia que encabeza expresa un contenido (consecutivo, de tiempo, ...


8

Based on my personal experience (computer engineering, lots of "&" in programming), I'd say that if you have to name that symbol and want others to understand you while spelling out loud, you have to say "ampersand". Remember that although RAE is the so-called authority, they don't always represent real use. That's why they're constantly upgrading.


8

Its difficult to give a reliable source for this, but searching in google it appears these words, for example in this page. But it's difficult to say this because there are lots of technical terms which are difficult to list, because many of them can be formed by adding a lot of prefixes. Longest word: Ciclopentanoperhidrofenantreno (30 letters) - ...


7

Even though this won't answer fully your question, I've found this on Wikipedia: The letters ⟨b⟩ and ⟨v⟩ were originally simply known as be and ve. However, there is no longer any distinction between the sounds of these letters—their accepted names are be and uve;[5][6] in some regions, speakers may instead add something to the names to distinguish them. ...



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