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4

I think you are talking about "objeto directo & objeto indirecto" ("complemento directo & complemento indirecto"). As an example: (Yo) Le di un regalo a Alberto / I gave a present to Alberto Yo le di un regalo / I gave him a present (you know who) Yo se lo di / I gave it to him (you know who and what you gave) Another one: Ella ...


3

Your question is a bit general but you have a nice table on the RAE website that can help you: RAE:pronombres atonos So for the third person you have: Complemento directo masculino singular: lo/(le(leísmo)) Complemento directo masculino plural: los Complemento directo femenino singular: la Complemento directo femenino plural: la Complemento directo ...


1

Indeed, there are rules, but it is important to distinguish between the rules that govern Standard Spanish (which should be used in formal communication) and informal or dialectal Spanish — which still have rules, just different from the standard. In general, the following table explains when to use each of the object pronouns in third person: ...


1

The answer from guifa is very good. Please notice that in several regions of Spain people uses this forms in the wrong way. It's a phenomena known as "leísmo" when they use le form instead of lo/la and "laísmo" when they use lo/la instead of le. As far as I know, it does not happens on south america.


1

In Standard Spanish, there is generally no distinction made in animacy for the object pronouns1. Lo and la are used for direct objects, being lo for masculine2 and la feminine. Le is used for indirect objects3 and represents the recipient of an action. This sentence is a bit tricky, because the verb doesn't correlate in transivity to English. Let's try ...



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