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In English you can use the -ing form of the verbs to build a noun representing the action performed by that verb. This is only one of the many uses of -ing forms. In this case, "swimming" must be translated in Spanish as what it represents in your utterance, that is to say, natación: Yo practico natación. Be very careful with literal translations, ...


The first sentence means How is it said; it's in a form of passive called pasiva refleja. In Spanish you can form this passive form by moving the direct object to the subject and adding se. Compare: [somebody] says Y this way → Y is said this way [alguien] dice Y así → Y se dice así The second sentence uses a pronominal verb (verbo pronominal). This is ...


You could say Yo practico natación.


I think that the cuestión should be "cómo se dice vs cómo se llama", because in cómo te llamas you're using the second gramatical person and you're saying literally how are you called, but it can mean what's your name so, both phrases in the third person would be Cómo se dice -> how to say/how is sayed/ how you say Cómo se llama -> how is called / ...


You can also use the very polysemic verb hacer (to do): Hago natación. Another possibility with practicar is to add the corresponding definite article to natación: Practico la natación. I'm not very sure of this, but I think that this form (with the article) is more typical of Spain as compared to Latin American varieties of Spanish.


Just wanted to add some additional examples to maybe help clear your confusion of when to use se or when not to use, coming from a native speaker. As others have already mentioned, the main use of "se" is reflexive. Compare/contrast the meaning of the following examples: Él se da la vuelta. vs Él da la vuelta. Ella se mira en el espejo/la televisión/etc. ...


Both "comimos" and "fuimos" are past tense. There is a pattern you can follow to form the conjugations, but keep in mind that some verbs (many common ones) are irregular and will vary. This is the model for regular -ar, -er, -ir verbs in the pretérito perfecto simple: AR ER/IR yo -é -í tú ...

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