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I think it's because you use "ser" + participle when it's passive voice: The fire was put out by him. (El fuego fue apagado por él.) And you use "estar" in other cases: I'm very bored right now. (Ahora mismo estoy muy aburrido.) As I side note, we never say "es muerto". It's sounds unidiomatic and I don't even think it would make any sense ...


usually one use "estar" to describe a non-permanent characteristic or something subject to change its state. "ser" it is used to described something permanent or an inherent characteristic of something. But in this case, "estar muerto" you need to use the verb "estar" because "estar muerto comes from the participle form of the verb "morir = el ha muerto" so ...

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