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11

On this website you can see all the possible uses of infinitives in Spanish. It's written in Spanish, but it basically says that: In Spanish, infinitives can play the role of a substantive. While playing the role of a substantive, infinitives can act as the subject of a sentence. While acting as the subject of a sentence, infinitives may or may ...


11

El hecho de que se añada o no un adjetivo no está directamente relacionado con que se omita el artículo. Si no se especifica ningún adjetivo, el artículo sigue sin ser necesario: Necesito agua. La razón de que se omita el artículo es que "agua" es, como bien has supuesto, incontable. En español, sin embargo, se puede añadir un artículo a un sustantivo ...


9

In Spanish we have several constructions that can translate your sentence, That's the one that I eat the chicken with: Es con esa que me como el pollo Con esa es con la que me como el pollo Es con esa con la que me como el pollo Esa es con la que me como el pollo Maybe the most grammatically correct is the first one, but I'd say the other three ...


8

The reason is that the names of some countries have the article included in Spanish. India is one of them. Some of these countries could optionally have the article in front of the name, such as (El) Afganistán (La) Argentina (Las) Bahamas So, in Voy de viaje a (la) India The article "la" could be optional. It wouldn't be the case ...


7

To add to MikO's nice answer: In the example, both forms are correct, the second one (without article) is slightly more natural and frequent. When the infinitive is used as noun, but not as the subject, the article is always omitted: "Me gusta comer". Further, even when the noun is used as subject, but it is placed after the verb, the article is almost ...


7

It's masculine, so you would say el avestruz and los avestruces. The confusion might come from ave, which is feminine.


7

Sí, la hay. Hay que expandir la abreviatura (y, si es necesario, traducir el resultado) y entonces decidir cuál es la palabra base e ir con el género y número de esa. Por ejemplo DVD > digital versatile disc > disco versátil digital > disco (masculino y singular) NASA > National Aeronautics and Space Administration > Administración Nacional de ...


6

Some situations in which you need to use the definite article include: The article precedes the noun, even if there is an adjetive in between. El coche. La raqueta. El asombroso trapecista. El milagroso elixir But never when it precedes the names of people or places It can precede the name of people or places when (and only when) it is used to ...


6

al is basically contraction of a el. Ir a bar would be go to bar. Which is grammatically incorrect. Correct version is go to the bar or go to a bar. Thus correct Spanish version is ir al bar or ir a un bar. In case of proper names (places, people), you don't usually prepend them with article (there are few exceptions). Thus the correct form is to say vamos ...


6

I am from Argentina and I never say or hear "el Chile", but "la Argentina" is quite accepted and used. The standard explanation of this apparent anomality is that "Argentina" is originally an adjective, tied to the (often tacit) substantive "República", so that the full expression would be "la República Argentina" (analogously to "los Estados Unidos"). ...


6

Just to complement the good @AlexisPigeon answer, I want to make it clear that it's not el avestruz "in order to avoid two same vocals together" -which is known as cacofonía- as you said in your question... That happens with some feminine nouns such as el agua or el hacha, but in this case it's just because avestruz is a masculine noun and that's all! If ...


5

"... in order to avoid two same vocals together." You're a bit wrong here about the rules to apply in order to avoid cacofonía. Even if avestruz were female, the proper way to write it would be "la avestruz". In order to apply the "cacofonía avoid rule" (sorry for the expresion invention) you need two conditions: The word must start with an "a" (or "ha" ...


5

Is an acceptable common practice. It hasn't been done for brevity in the headline. Some names of countries must have the article (eg. El Salvador), while others can have it or not (El) Afganistán; (La) Argentina; (Las) Bahamas; (La) India. I think "Estados Unidos" only needs to have the "los" when we refer to the country as "Los Estados Unidos de ...


5

My answer is only based on my experience as a user language Spanish of Chile, I don't know if there rules on the matter. For us the name of the country is Estados Unidos. Users don't have awareness that we are talking about "a group of states that are united", in which case would feel the need of an article. A map translated into Spanish label the country ...


5

Tu pregunta no se refiere tanto al uso del artículo como al uso del verbo haber, en este caso la palabra "hay". Se trata de una estructura fija muy frecuente, encabezada por alguna de estas formas verbales, según el tiempo: había, hubo, hay, habrá, va a haber Lo que viene después del verbo es una frase nominal que funciona como complemento directo. ...


4

Del is the contration between De + El (note this is el article it, and not él pronoun he). Voy a casa de el doctor is wrong, you say Voy a casa del doctor instead. There is no contraction for De + La however (Voy a casa de la doctora is ok). Keep in mind this rule don't apply if the article el is part of a name: Traje este sombrero de El Paso is the correct ...


4

You are right, most of the times an article is used before the noun with the exception of personal pronouns and a few more things: "La chica" or "El país" are right. "La María" or "El México" are definitely wrong; they even sound wrong. For personal pronouns you only use the proper noun: "María" or "México" When the noun is used in ...


4

Gavin, I am also a beginner learner of Spanish, and I also have been mystified about the use of el, la, los and las. I have come to the conclusion that they are no simple rules to determine when they need to be used, and when not; otherwise they would be in every beginners textbook, wouldn't they? This is what I have surmised, picking up morsels of ...


4

Es una aplicación (en femenino). La definición y la explicación vienen de hace años, cuando aún no existía el boom que ha sufrido el mundo de la telefonía y del desarrollo web y de aplicaciones. Según el Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (DRAE): Aplicación Del lat. applicatio, -ōnis. f. Acción y efecto de aplicar o aplicarse. f. ...


4

Most people will understand what you are trying to say under most circumstances. However, gender is Spanish is important if fluency is your goal. Here are some reasons: Frequently using the wrong gender will make you sound uneducated in the Spanish language. If you plan on speaking Spanish often in the future, you will want to learn the articles as soon as ...


3

This is a working answer — there will be updates to it (I'll remove this when I think it's done). Throughout this, I use the standard asterisk in front of a statement that is not grammatical. 1. What is a determiner? A determiner is a word that goes with a noun let's us know which, if any, (out of all of those nouns in the whole of existance), we're ...


3

Because if what's next to the "ir a" is a noun then that noun must be accompanied by the corresponding definite article and the noun. You can also use the contraction "al" instead of "a el" when the noun is masculine. So this could be written as: Ana y yo vamos a ir al bar. Ana y yo vamos a ir a el bar. × Ana y yo vamos a ir a bar (No definite ...


3

You need to use the definite article when you are referring to abstract beings or entities, in a general meaning (See this related question). La paciencia es una virtud La valentía vive aquí La libertad es una estado de la mente El amor nunca muere. Obviously the definite article wouldn't matter for the graphical representation, but if ...


3

Lo que generalmente he visto en España es que se considera (no sé si correcta o incorrectamente) que la omisión del artículo es influencia anglosajona y debe evitarse (al igual que Las Mayúsculas Innecesarias). Por lo que veo aquí, y aquí, y en línea con tu ejemplo, en Argentina también ocurre: «No omitir artículos ni proposiciones». Esta empresa, sin ...


3

As a general rule, you cannot have articles and demonstratives both in front of a noun: Nueva gramática de la lengua española (2009) (p. 1380) 19.1j El artículo, los demostrativos y los posesivos se excluyen mutuamente como introductores del grupo nominal, con excepciones […] But there are exceptions and so we can say that for the first one, yes. ...


2

The names of some places, such as "El Salvador", "El Cairo" or "La Haya" always include the article (just as "The Hague" does in English). For some others you can optionally add the article, the RAE lists several examples in the page about the definite article "el". (el) Afganistán, (el) África, (la) Argentina, (el) Asia, (el) Brasil, (el) Camerún, (el) ...


2

As others have said, al = a+el in all senses. However, do not under any circumstances use it in a proper noun, like El Paso, where the artículo definido is a part of the name. (x ) Voy Al Paso, Texas. (✓) Voy a El Paso, Texas. However, some countries require a artículo definido, when it is not part of the name. Voy a la India. Voy al ...


2

Como ya se mencionó en la respuesta anterior, no es universal. pero mi recomendación es que en la abreviación que sea, la expandas , como bien dijo nuestro colega, y busques el sustantivo en la frase, eso te dará el género, y su correspondiente artículo. Por ejemplo , en DVD : disco es el sustantivo y en el caso de NASA: el sustantivo es administración NBA: ...


2

El verbo haber no admite sustantivos definidos por las razones que ha indicado Rodrigo. Cabe notar que la misma restricción existe en inglés aunque es difícil notarla porque, a pesar de usar las mismas palabras, al cambiar de indefinido a definido, estas palabras tienen funciones diferentes, evidentes al traducir al español: There are some mountains (hay ...


2

La respuesta de Guillem es más general que la mía, pero creo que esto también puede ayudar. En los ejemplos que diste, el artículo cumple diversas funciones: -(ejemplo 1) "Los" sugiere que el título se refiere a los gobiernos de todas las candidaturas municipalistas, y no sólo a los de algunas de ellas. -(ejemplo 2) "La" hace referencia a la (única) AFA ...



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