Parte de la oración que expersa la acción o movimiento. Words mostly about actions which can be conjugated to indicate person, number, tense, mood, etc.

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20
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2k views

Ser and estar for location

The edge-cases of ser and estar still seem to get me. My understanding is that when speaking of a location, I should use estar. La biblioteca está aquí. However, a student I am tutoring had a ...
19
votes
1answer
4k views

Preterit of ser and ir

Español Pretérito de ser: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron Pretérito de ir: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron ¿Cómo han evolucionado los verbos "ser" e "ir" para tener ...
16
votes
4answers
3k views

I forgot how to say “I forgot”

Okay, so I didn't really forget how to say it... I just wanted a clever question title. In my Spanish class I was taught that olvidarse is reflexive: Me olvidé (de la cita). Me olvidé (las ...
15
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5answers
1k views

When should I use the word 'yo' in a sentence where the verb conjugation already shows that I am the subject?

Early on while I was learning Spanish, my teachers would always make us use the pronoun 'yo' even if it was redundant: Yo pienso que... Yo quiero... Yo hablo... etc. However, a more ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

“Está hecho de…” why not “es hecho de”?

I've seen "Está hecho de ..." used to mean "It's made of ...". Why is the verb estar and not ser? Isn't this an adjective that's permanent and not going to change? I can understand phrases like "la ...
13
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5answers
1k views

Why does saber mean both “to know” and “to taste”?

Español Cuando estudiaba español, estaba muy confundido cuando aprendí que saber significa "to know" y "to taste". Los dos verbos en inglés me parecen muy diferentes. ¿Cómo puede ser esto? ¿Cuál es ...
12
votes
4answers
174 views

Is there any subtle difference between the two forms of the imperfect subjuntive?

The imperfect subjuntive has two forms. For example: Ojalá viniera. Ojalá viniese. I think both has the same meaning. However, is there any subtle difference?
12
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6answers
467 views

No supo la respuesta

Why do people say things like: Se lo pregunté, pero no supo la respuesta Sabía seems more natural to me, and I've been told that either is fine, but I'm still a bit fuzzy on why somebody would ...
11
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2answers
178 views

Traer and llevar - what is the reference point?

I always have problems concerning traer and llevar. I think I understand the general meaning: Llevar means "to take", such as when an object is being taken (generally by you) to a place other than ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

“ir a «infinitive»” vs. future tense

There are two ways to indicate a future action, ir a «infinitive» and the future tense. How do I decide which to use when? Is one form more common when spoken or in writing? Is there a regional ...
9
votes
2answers
745 views

What's the difference between “debe de” y “debe”?

Is there any difference? What's their usage? When should one be used instead of the other one? Examples: El niño debe de hacer su tarea. El niño debe hacer su tarea.
9
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3answers
2k views

How to translate 'to become?' (hacerse, ponerse, convertirse en, etc.)

I've heard several different words used for 'to become' in Spanish. Obviously sometimes there are specific verbs to use, like 'enfadarse' means to become angry, but often you need to use a verb that ...
9
votes
5answers
425 views

Why do oler and saber take the preposition “a”?

As an English speaker learning Spanish, I was always a little confused that it smells and tastes "to" something rather than "of" something: Huele a humo. Sabe a ajo. I would think of "a" as ...
9
votes
3answers
311 views

Regional differences between “escuchar” and “oír”

In school I learned that escuchar was for the English "to listen to" and oír was "to hear." In Central America, however, I frequently heard escuchar being used for "to hear" (e.g. No te escucho ...
9
votes
2answers
778 views

Acordar or recordar? What's the correct use? ¿Cuál es el uso correcto?

Español Comunmente escucho gente decir "¿oye, te acuerdas de esa película?", así como también escucho "¿oye, recuerdas esa película?." Siempre he creído que la acción de un recuerdo viene del verbo ...
8
votes
6answers
7k views

Is there a trick to remembering 'llevar' and 'traer'?

After years of living in a Spanish-speaking country, and speaking mostly only Spanish all day, I still struggle with 'llevar' and 'traer'. The rules are clear and all, but it is just very difficult to ...
7
votes
4answers
824 views

Why should we use estar over ser for being old or fat?

I can understand why we would use estar for temporary states. But there are conditions that people have that are not temporary, such as being old (or for some people, being fat). ¡qué gordo está! ...
7
votes
1answer
140 views

“Liking” a musician or other artist

The verb gustar, when used with people, conveys a romantic interest (e.g. Ella me gusta. -> I have a crush on her.). How then, can you convey that you like a musician's music or an artist's paintings, ...
7
votes
2answers
376 views

How would you express giving a command to yourself in Spanish?

As there is no singular first person imperative form for Spanish verbs (as far as I know), I was wondering whether there is an equivalent to the, possibly idiomatic, English expression of a person ...
7
votes
2answers
800 views

Grammar of “¡A comer!”

I was recently staying with a Mexican family, and during lunch, the children (ages 8 and 5) were being rather unruly. The grandmother would command them: ¡A comer! I have never heard a command in ...
6
votes
8answers
957 views

¿Cuál es el verbo para “party” en español?

¿Cómo se dice "I want to party tonight"? Yo sé que se puede decir "Quiero ir a una fiesta esta noche", pero estoy buscando un verbo que tenga el mismo efecto.
6
votes
3answers
161 views

“Rento departamento”: does it mean “Pago” or “cobro por vivir ahí” ? or both?

In my oppinion, both forms are correct, but if there is only correct meaning, which is which? How is called this phenomenon of having a verb, that is the inverse of itself? That is, Rento un ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre comer y comerse?

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre el verbo normal comer y su forma reflexiva comerse? Si los significados son iguales, ¿cuál es la diferencia de connotación? Y, ¿se usa el reflexivo de la misma manera en ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Different words for “stop”

In English, we have a fairly generic verb "to stop" that can be used in many different contexts. For example: Stop talking to me! The driver saw the red light and stopped his car. You really need to ...
6
votes
1answer
859 views

How to interpret “dar a” or “dar a conocer”?

I only know "dar" in its literal sense of "to give". And I know "conocer" in its literal sense of "to know" or "to get to know". But in reading Cien años de soledad I came to this passage: ... y ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the difference between “ser casado” and “estar casado”?

I have read that both ser and estar can be used with casado to give different connotations to the phrase "to be married." What exactly are the differences, and when would you use each verb?
6
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7answers
675 views

Uso de “concernidos”

Hoy he escuchado la siguiente frase: "Estamos muy concernidos por..." Es la primera vez que escucho el verbo concernir usado y conjugado de esta manera, siempre se usa como "me/nos concierne..." ...
6
votes
3answers
460 views

What's the difference between “estar ansioso de” and “estar ansioso por”?

I know that both 'estar ansioso de' and 'estar ansioso por' mean to be excited for something or looking forward to it, but how do I decide which one to use? Do the two have slightly different ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

¿Cómo escribo el subjuntivo presente de 'adelgazar'?

Según del sitio conjugation.org, el subjuntivo presente del verbo adelgazar es: yo adelgaze tú adelgazes él/usted adelgaze nosotros adelgazemos vosotros adelgazéis ellos/ustedes ...
6
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1answer
797 views

Uso de “heme aquí”

Lo he visto en alguna ocasión en literatura o alguna interpretación de español antiguo, pero no es muy común, supongo que de alguna forma su uso está obsoleto. Ahora las dudas: ¿Cual verbo es el ...
6
votes
3answers
177 views

Indicative and subjunctive after time constructions

I have a few questions regarding the use of some verbs after time constructions like "tan pronto como" or "en cuanto." If I am saying.... Los domingos por la mañana vemos televisión. Tan pronto ...
6
votes
1answer
161 views

Concordancia entre sujeto y verbo en una frase subordinada

De estas dos frases, ¿cuál es la correcta? Una de las más grandes profecías contenida en la Biblia. Una de las más grandes profecías contenidas en la Biblia. Personalmente, ambas me ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Spanish phrasal verbs

Español La característica más difícil del idioma inglés (al menos en mi caso particular) son los "Phrasal verbs". Hoy me encontré una oración en un periódico que me hizo pensar sobre la existencia ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

“s” final en tiempo pretérito indefinido: -aste(s), -iste(s)

Español La segunda persona singular del pretérito indefinido generalmente termina en "-aste" o "-iste". En muchos lugares, la gente agrega una "s" final a estas palabras (por ejemplo, hablastes en ...
5
votes
1answer
435 views

Gusto variant of the verb gustar

When I thought I finally had it figured out... I was confronted with the following phrase which obviously must mean: I liked the story of your friend. Which for me logically translates to. ...
5
votes
2answers
316 views

How to choose between “carecer” and “faltar”?

I've always used "faltar" to mean "to lack, to be missing". But in my reading I find that "carecer" seems to mean exactly the same. When should I use the one or the other? Are there some ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

“Se te debería ir” vs. “Debería írsete”

Estaba escribiéndole a un amigo que acaba de ser operado, y redacté la siguiente frase. "En poco tiempo se te debería ir el dolor." Sin embargo, suelo expresarme de otra forma. Lo que quise ...
5
votes
4answers
279 views

“El hijo del sol es yo” or “El hijo del sol soy yo”?

How to speak the sentence: The son of the sun is me. in Spanish? I thought about: El hijo del sol es yo. at first, but Google Translation translates the sentence into El hijo del sol soy yo. I ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

When should you use the preterite or the imperfect to express past time?

There are two ways to express simple past time actions and conditions in Spanish. One is the preterite, Comí tacos. (I ate tacos.) Besé a una chica. (I kissed a girl.) and the other is the ...
5
votes
2answers
628 views

¿Es válido decir “eso pasó ahorita”?

En Medellín (Colombia) se dice mucho "eso pasó ahorita", pero parecería ser que "ahora" o "ahorita" es más de futuro. Ejemplo: Ellos vienen ahora. o Ellos llegaron ahorita. No suena bien. ...
5
votes
2answers
672 views

Usage of “ver(se)” for “to seem/look” (te ves, se te ve, te veo, etc.)

The verb ver can be used in a few different constructions to convey how something looks or seems: Te ves bonita. Se te ve mal. Te veo bien. For the reflexive constructions, the WordReference entry ...
5
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5answers
1k views

What is the difference between “ser cierto” and “ser verdad”?

The English "to be true" can be translated to Spanish as either ser cierto or ser verdad. What is the difference between the two? When would you use one instead of the other?
5
votes
2answers
765 views

“Iros” instead of “idos” (imperative of verb “ir”)

I have heard many times the use of the infinitive instead of the imperative in Spanish with the verb "ir". For example: Si me queréis, irse* (Instead of: Si me queréis, váyanse) [Famous quote of ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How do you use the “passive se” with a reflexive verb?

What is the rule for using the "passive se" (e.g. "¿Cómo se dice?") with a reflexive verb that involves another se pronoun? For example, how would you translate "One takes a shower (ducharse) ...
4
votes
4answers
637 views

Do Spanish verbs have principal parts?

When I was studying Latin, I would learn the conjugation of each verb by memorizing its principal parts (for example, "amo, amare, amavi, amatus"). In Spanish, are there any principal parts of a verb ...
4
votes
2answers
294 views

The difference between the use of “es” and “está”

El pollo ......... sobre la mesa. Then the two options are es and está. I think the both are correct but duolingo app says it's está adding more to my confusion. Why es is not correct here? ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Should I include “a” after “conocemos”?

Which would be correct? Nosotros conocemos a los padres de nuestros amigos. Nosotros conocemos los padres de nuestros amigos.
4
votes
5answers
208 views

Should I use SER or ESTAR to talk about when an event takes place?

I'm trying to say that recurring events are on certain days. Since its an event, should it be a phrase with ser? Or since the events fall on certain days, do I use estar?
4
votes
2answers
344 views

“Saber” in the sense of “to taste:” how should it be conjugated in first person?

English Imagine you are a mouse in a cartoon, and you want to tell a cat "I don't taste good!" It's clear how to conjugate "saber" when used in the sense of "to taste" - in third or second person: ...
4
votes
2answers
529 views

How can I recognize the conjugation of a verb from its infinitive?

According to this Wikipedia article, it is possible to recognize the conjugation of a Spanish verb from its infinitive. Is it possible to determine the conjugation of a verb (such as pedir, or tener, ...