Parte de la oración que expersa la acción o movimiento. Words mostly about actions which can be conjugated to indicate person, number, tense, mood, etc.

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“s” final en tiempo pretérito indefinido: -aste(s), -iste(s)

Español La segunda persona singular del pretérito indefinido generalmente termina en "-aste" o "-iste". En muchos lugares, la gente agrega una "s" final a estas palabras (por ejemplo, hablastes en ...
4
votes
5answers
740 views

using 'yo' instead of 'estoy'

I have just started learning Spanish and in my reference book I saw a conversation that went like this: Yo un poco cansado ¿y ustedes? Yo muy bien. I would think that you had to say: ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Why do several commercials/announcements put accents on their verbs?

I grew up in Costa Rica, so I can understand Spanish just fine. And yet, there is something I never quite got about the language. Here is an example of such thing in action: Si abandonás este ...
1
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1answer
73 views

¿Como difieren “ir _ando” y “estar _ando”?

Hay una forma del verbo que termina en -ndo, como caminando o durmiendo. Yo pienso que esta forma se llama el "participio progresivo". Entiendo como se usa estar con el progresivo, por ejemplo: ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you use the “passive se” with a reflexive verb?

What is the rule for using the "passive se" (e.g. "¿Cómo se dice?") with a reflexive verb that involves another se pronoun? For example, how would you translate "One takes a shower (ducharse) ...
5
votes
1answer
180 views

“To suggest/To propose” something in Spanish

I'm writing an email where I'd like to say: "I suggest we meet at the same time and place, only change the day to Friday." The verb offered by translation software is sugerir. In the definition ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Use of verb-forming suffix “-ear”

"-Ear" is a suffix that productively forms verbs, as "tutear" from "tú" or "zapatear" from "zapato." My question is: when is this suffix used over just plain "-ar" and vice versa? For instance, ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Ser and estar for location

ENGLISH The edge-cases of ser and estar still seem to get me. My understanding is that when speaking of a location, I should use estar. La biblioteca está aquí. However, a student I am ...
2
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4answers
62 views

Preterit Passive vs. Estar + Past Participle

English 1 El ratón se mató. (Preterit passive) 2 El ratón estuvo matado. (Estar + past participle) The two sentences above translate to the same in English: The mouse was killed. ...
3
votes
3answers
183 views

Ciertas conjugaciones verbales no convencionales

Yo he escuchado algunas veces a personas conjugar los siguientes verbos de la siguiente manera: (en paréntesis la forma correcta) Volver ---> volvido (vuelto) Resolver ---> resolvido (resuelto) ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

Doubt over conjugation of verbs

A veces cuando leo textos(Usualmente traducciones de novelas de otros idiomas) encuentro la siguiente conjugación de verbos. Tomemos como ejemplo los verbos esparcir y parecer y la conjugación que no ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Forma correcta de usar una conjugación verbal

En verbos como ir o estar, para tomar como ejemplo, podemos conjugarlos de la siguiente manera: (no recuerdo el nombre del tiempo verbal) Fuese o fuera Estuviera o estuviese ¿Cuál de las dos formas ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Translation of “to be fluent (in a language)”

The literal translation of "to speak a language fluently" would be hablar un idioma con fluidez, but I have heard that means that you speak the language fluidly and smoothly rather than that you have ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Use of future subjunctive

What is the difference between these three sentences? Si considerases que alguno es útil, podríamos comprarlo. Si considerases que alguno fuere útil, podríamos comprarlo. Si considerases que alguno ...
1
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2answers
179 views

Polite way to say “I am fine” in spanish

When My boss asks "Como estas? I reply : "Estoy muy muy feliz" Does it make sense in spanish? Or What is a better/polite way to say "I am fine"?
2
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2answers
248 views

Subject-Verb Agreement “Estudiar y trabajar resulta…”

In English: Studying and working at the same time always result in a big challenge. In Spanish: Estudiar y trabajar al mismo tiempo siempre resulta un gran desafío. Why is the singular form of ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Using “cómo” with verbs after “saber”

I already anticipate that part of my problem is that I'm trying to literally translate, which I know I shouldn't (but...). I'm confused: Juan sabe nadar. I read that this means "Juan knows how ...
0
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3answers
280 views

What are the differences between “tener” and “haber”?

Both verbs tener and haber both are translated as to have. What are the rules that distinguish their uses of one verb over the other?
0
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2answers
123 views

What verb is used for the way that dogs walk?

What kind of verbs are used, for the different ways a dog walks? For instance, in the case of a horse, it could be trotar or galopar. What possibilities exist for a dog?
2
votes
3answers
110 views

Can there be situations where both “saber” and “conocer” can be used?

Example1 Uds quieren saber mi país. If conocer is substituted for saber in this sentence, the meaning switch from knowing exactly what the country is to things about the country. Example2 ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

What is the difference between «pensar en» and just «pensar»?

I feel like I should know the answer to this by now, and/or that it should have been asked here, but I can't find it. I was recently looking at some example sentences (I think linked from another ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

'ir' and 'vamos' in one sentance

I am studying Spanish with the Michel Thomas Method. It lists the following: We will go see it. / Vamos a ir a verlo. we will go / iremos We will go see it. / Iremos a verlo. For the first example, ...
0
votes
3answers
132 views

Son/Eres/Es? I am very confused in this

We use 'eres' for 'are' with you in Spanish. We use 'es' with usted for 'are'. If we have to use 'are' with boys, what would we use, son, eres or es? What would be the appropriate tense for "The ...
1
vote
4answers
74 views

Pasar a ser / Convertirse en

Objective Clarify the difference (if any) and usages of "Pasar a ser" and "Convertirse en". Question To say "X turned into Y" or "X is transformed into Y", such as "Chucky becomes a murderous ...
2
votes
6answers
120 views

Additional meaning of the verb “rotar” in Latin America?

I heard the verb rotar and rotarlo in contexts where neither rotate nor turn nor roll seems to make sense. return possibly, but I do not understand spanish well enough. I believe they where talking ...
1
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6answers
457 views

Where else 'Se' in comerse will be used

Objective Clarify the grammar and the objective of se in comerse/beberse Clarify which other verbs can take se for the same objective Related article El uso de "comerse" ...
0
votes
2answers
274 views

Como te vas, Como te va, Como se va

Objective Clarify the meanings of these expressions and the functions of 'ir'. Como te vas I suppose this is the refiexive form 'irse' and it means "how you leave" or "how you go". Como te va I ...
3
votes
2answers
221 views

Is “haber” always a helping verb?

In this sentence: Lamento que no haya más galletas. there is only a "helping" verb, but none other. I thought there should be another verb, also. Help me understand this, please.
4
votes
2answers
54 views

El uso de “contra” y “al” con “clamar”/The use of “contra” and “al” with “clamar”

Español Perdón for mis errors. Esto a principiante. Leí el sitio web "elpair.com," cuándo vi este titular "El exilio armenio clama contra Obama al recordar el genocidio". Pienso que él significa ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Pretéritos fuertes desusados

¿Cuáles son los verbos que en el período medieval o áurico tenía formas fuertes (pretérito irregular al que corresponden las terminaciones -e, -iste, -o, -imos, -isteis, -(i)eron en la modernidad)? ...
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votes
5answers
1k views

Why does saber mean both “to know” and “to taste”?

Español Cuando estudiaba español, estaba muy confundido cuando aprendí que saber significa "to know" y "to taste". Los dos verbos en inglés me parecen muy diferentes. ¿Cómo puede ser esto? ¿Cuál es ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Omitting “queda”

I find it easiest to learn spanish through literal translations from Spanish to English, even though it doesn't always produce the greatest structure. El restaurante no queda muy lejos de aquí. ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

“go” vs “be” in past tense

I can't seem to get when to use one vs another. Here are two similar sentences: The trip was interesting - el viaje fue muy interesante The questions were interesting - las preguntas eran ...
3
votes
3answers
379 views

Verbs ending in -ed

What kind of conjugation is it when a verb ends in "-ed", such as "tened," "ved," or "coged" What does it make the word mean/ how is it used (in what context)? (Just for the record, I've seen this ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Spanish phrasal verbs

Español La característica más difícil del idioma inglés (al menos en mi caso particular) son los "Phrasal verbs". Hoy me encontré una oración en un periódico que me hizo pensar sobre la existencia ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Is it correct that a noun can be followed by an infinitive?

I have been learning Spanish for 2 years now, and have consistently seen that the infinitive form of the verb can only exist: * after a preposition, or * after another verb. For me this has been a ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

What are these words “hances” and “deshances” in a proverb common on the Internet?

A friend of mine just showed me this Spanish proverb, which is some equivalent to English "shirtsleeves to shirtsleeves in three generations". "Quien no lo tiene, lo hance; y quien lo tiene, lo ...
4
votes
2answers
404 views

The difference between the use of “es” and “está”

El pollo ......... sobre la mesa. Then the two options are es and está. I think the both are correct but duolingo app says it's está adding more to my confusion. Why es is not correct here? ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Difference between “arrastrar” and “parar”

El golpeteo de la puerta paró cuando me levanté aproximadamente a las 10 de la mañana para beber un vaso de agua. Can I also use arrastrar in this context? What is the difference between ...
9
votes
3answers
344 views

Regional differences between “escuchar” and “oír”

In school I learned that escuchar was for the English "to listen to" and oír was "to hear." In Central America, however, I frequently heard escuchar being used for "to hear" (e.g. No te escucho ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Which of these expressions is correct? “Debe ser” vs “Debe de ser” [duplicate]

I have always had this doubt. Which of these expressions is properly used and when to use each of them? Debe haber sido un accidente Debe de haber sido un accidente (is this a mistake?)
3
votes
2answers
127 views

how does one translate “smoking meat”?

I was trying to express, "I smoked some pork spare ribs this past weekend," in Spanish. I tried looking up smoking meats in the Spanish dictionary and often I get fumar (to smoke), asar (bbq), or ...
0
votes
3answers
128 views

Examples of use of each verb form

I understand that some of these forms are obsolete, but I would like to see examples for each one of them (how they were used before). Also point out which forms are used now instead of the old ones. ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the difference between “ser cierto” and “ser verdad”?

The English "to be true" can be translated to Spanish as either ser cierto or ser verdad. What is the difference between the two? When would you use one instead of the other?
2
votes
3answers
196 views

Why would you ever say “el vino está delicioso”?

I'm doing a Spanish beginner course on Memrise and one flashcard asks for the translation of "The wine is delicious". The suggested translation uses estar. I understand that ser expresses a permanent ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Is the past tense -ste suffix (e.g., “bebiste”) related to the pronoun “te”?

Not literally, but etymologically/historically. This might sound like a stupid question but the thought popped into my head and I was wondering if it had any merit. Preterite verb forms for tú end ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Meaning of verb form 'es algo que *inhiere* en ellas'

In the following sentence: advertimos que la forma accidental que configura al bronce como estatua o a la madera como silla es algo que inhiere en ellas, que se encuentra en esa materia como en ...
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3answers
138 views

Using Cruzar to indicate turning

My computer based spanish course just served up a lesson where they translated cruzar to mean to turn when giving directions (and did so on multiple occasions). This confused me as I understood ...
1
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1answer
259 views

“Ser” vs. “estar” with continuous actions, i.e. present participle

This is a "contextual" translation I just found online a few minutes ago: Cariño, eres un poco empezando a preocuparnos un poco. Honey, you're kind of starting to worry us a little. The ...
0
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1answer
122 views

What can I do with “Mientras”?

I understand that I can never join two Preterite verbs with Mientras, since it implies an ongoing action, but what can I do with mientras? Is it acceptable to have a Preterite and Imperfect verb ...