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3
votes
3answers
60 views

Simple preterit and imperfect preterit connotations of “saber”

I need some refreshing on the differences between preterit and imperfect preterit tenses of the verb saber. I understand the following connotations: saber -- To know (or to taste) sé, sabes, sabe ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

¿Cuántas formas verbales hay en el español?

Hola muchachos resulta que estoy aprendiendo inglés y tengo dudas con las formas verbales de ese idioma pero viendo esto me di cuenta que tampoco tengo claras las del español, ¿Alguien sabe cuántas y ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Cuando alguien tenga, llegue, corra, etc… ¿que tiempo verbal es?

Me interesa saber como se llama al tiempo verbal en las frases: Cuando alguien llega. Cuando alguien tenga. Cuando alguien corra.
5
votes
2answers
332 views

¿Es válido decir “eso pasó ahorita”?

En Medellín (Colombia) se dice mucho "eso pasó ahorita", pero parecería ser que "ahora" o "ahorita" es más de futuro. Ejemplo: Ellos vienen ahora. o Ellos llegaron ahorita. No suena bien. ...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

“Something happened” while “something else was going on”

¿Cuál es correcto? No ví nada mientras estaba corriendo. o No ví nada mientras corrí. ¿Ambos son incorrectos? Lo siento por el título.
4
votes
3answers
160 views

What am I doing when I use the subjunctive?

If we limit our view to the present tense, how can I fill in the blanks succinctly? When I use the indicative mood, I am indicating that something happens. When I use the subjunctive mood, ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Should I use preterit or imperfect to express something that used to happen repeatedly?

For example, if I wanted to say "They used to travel every day", which would I use: Ellos viajaron cada día. Ellos viajaban cada día.
3
votes
2answers
263 views

What is the difference between parece and pareciera?

What is the difference between parece que and pareciera que? How are both normally translated? What tenses can be used after pareciera que, and in general how is pareciera used?
4
votes
4answers
718 views

“s” final en tiempo pretérito indefinido: -aste(s), -iste(s)

Español La segunda persona singular del pretérito indefinido generalmente termina en "-aste" o "-iste". En muchos lugares, la gente agrega una "s" final a estas palabras (por ejemplo, hablastes en ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Translating “wait until” or “wait for”

How do you translate phrases involving wait until or wait for: Wait until I call you before you leave for the restaurant. Wait for me to come home before you buy the tickets. You should ...
2
votes
2answers
497 views

Spanish names for preterite and imperfect tenses

In school, I learned that the Spanish past tenses were called preterite and imperfect in English, and preterito and imperfecto in Spanish. However, in talking to native speakers I've run across other ...
7
votes
1answer
760 views

“Te va (a) encantar” - is “a” necessary?

Is the "a" necessary when using "ir a" to convey future meaning? Google gives 17m results for "te va a encantar" but also 1.5m for "te va encantar". Does this rule vary according to formality?
5
votes
3answers
246 views

What is the imperative without pronoun of 'Saber'? Why?

Okay so I suddenly have no idea how to say the imperative of saber. This was my reasoning until arriving to a comical dead end: Ir = Ve Comer = Come Ser = Sé Saber = Se? Sabé? ...
1
vote
1answer
591 views

Translating “how is …?” and “how was …?”

What are the options for translating the phrase "how is" or "how was," as in: How's the steak? How is your day so far? How is the traffic today? and How was your vacation? How was the meeting? ...
9
votes
3answers
434 views

“De donde fue” instead of “De donde estaba”

In Nicaragua, addresses are usually given as directions from a landmark, for example: From the stadium, go 5 blocks south, then 3 blocks east Sometimes the landmark is a place that used to be ...
8
votes
3answers
618 views

Words that mean different things in the preterite

There are some verbs that seem to have quite distinct meanings in the preterite tense. I don't know whether they also seem to change meanings to native speakers or if it just seems completely natural ...
5
votes
1answer
566 views

When should you use the preterite or the imperfect to express past time?

There are two ways to express simple past time actions and conditions in Spanish. One is the preterite, Comí tacos. (I ate tacos.) Besé a una chica. (I kissed a girl.) and the other is the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does indirect speech in Spanish require changes in tense, mood, etc?

In German you have to use different moods, in English different tenses for verbs to mark indirect speech (speech where you are saying what was said or expressed): He said that he had painted the ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

“ir a «infinitive»” vs. future tense

There are two ways to indicate a future action, ir a «infinitive» and the future tense. How do I decide which to use when? Is one form more common when spoken or in writing? Is there a regional ...
7
votes
2answers
505 views

What is the future subjunctive and how was it used?

I've heard that there used to be another tense in Spanish called the "future-subjunctive" ¡A donde fueres, haz lo que vieres! I've heard the above means in a literal sense, "to where you will ...
19
votes
1answer
2k views

Preterit of ser and ir

Español Pretérito de ser: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron Pretérito de ir: fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron ¿Cómo han evolucionado los verbos "ser" e "ir" para tener ...