Para preguntas sobre sustantivos, sus usos, significados, etimología o su gramática. For questions about substantives, its uses, meanings, etymology and grammar.

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5
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1answer
99 views

¿“Países miembro” o “países miembros”?

Estoy leyendo un documento en el que se habla tanto de países miembro como de estados miembros. Ejemplo al respecto de la Agencia Espacial Europea: "Este organismo internacional es un consorcio [.....
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What is the difference between “llover” and “lluvia”?

Both llover and lluvia represent rain. What's the difference between these words?
7
votes
2answers
363 views

Is it possible to refer to a wife as “una marida?”

I know that "el marido" means "the husband" and that it can also be translated as "spouse," but I see no strong evidence that one would refer to a spouse of feminine biological gender as "una marida." ...
4
votes
2answers
103 views

What percentage of nouns ending in -a are masculine and what percentage of nouns ending in -o are feminine?

I was going through a discussion thread over at duolingo ("How to use El and La in Spanish"), when I came upon the following question: Anyone know the percentage of Spanish nouns ending in -a that ...
2
votes
4answers
286 views

If “el padre” means “the parent,” how do you specifically refer to a female parent?

I've done some searching on this, both here at StackExchange and elsewhere, but nothing I've found thus far addresses this question and in this day and age of single parent families where women are ...
7
votes
2answers
556 views

¿Si hay muchas personas que se llaman Jesús juntas, cómo debo designarlas?

¿Si hay muchas personas que se llaman Jesús juntas, cómo debo designarlas? Eran varios Jesús a la vez Eran varios Jesúes [Jesuses (!) ] a la vez Me parece que no es como Paco o Pepe. Muchos ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Use a scientific technique name as an adjective?

My lab performs a set of experiments that utilize a particular biological technique called ChIP-seq. I am trying to translate the following phrase: We use the data produced by the ChIP-seq ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What are some ways to word “La silla está debajo de la mesa”?

I would like to know how one would re-order the Spanish sentence "La silla está debajo de la mesa" to add more variety to a paper discussing location. Thanks!
1
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3answers
67 views

Function of “verde” in “Me gusta el verde de tu ojos”

Is the word "verde" in this sentence considered to have a funcion of an adjective or a name? Me gusta el verde de tu ojos. I personally think it's of a name because it's making the word "verde" ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

Origin of verb-noun compound words

Spanish has many words formed by joining a verb with a noun which together describe the object that the word refers to: cuentagotas, paraguas, rascacielos, etc... When did these types of words first ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the difference between “pescado” and “pescados?”

In English, we make the distinction between "fish" and "fishes." Does that same distinction exist between the Spanish words "pescado" and "pescados?" If not, which of the following sounds more "...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

What are the rules for using the definite article before a noun used in a general sense? [duplicate]

I was recently reviewing rules regarding when the definite article is used in Spanish and when it is not. One rule (which is included on many websites that teach Spanish grammar) states that it is to ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Article + Possessive/Demonstrative + Noun Phrase: Acceptable in Spanish?

I've come across Spanish sentences where the article is followed by a possessive adjective or demonstrative adjective, followed by a noun. Normally, it is either the article or the adjective + noun, ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Gender-Number Agreement with Feminine Adjectives [duplicate]

I take a beginners spanish course in school and came across this blip one day. I was trying to describe a girl in a photo wearing pink socks as la niña lleva calcetines rosas. My teacher then said ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Are there any nouns with irregular plurals in Spanish?

In English, some nouns have regular plural forms ending in -s or -es and fewer are irregular. Fish in the plural is still fish while child becomes children. In Spanish, nearly all nouns are regular, ...
3
votes
4answers
293 views

Using “amigui” instead of “amigo”: Bien grax amigui

A friend (woman) originating from Honduras asked me via mobile message how I was doing, to which I answered: Muy bien, y tu? Her answer: Bien grax amigui que tengas un dia muy bonita! grax ...
3
votes
1answer
261 views

How do you describe the directional parts of an object?

I'm working with a Mexican contractor to remodel my house, so it is quite common that I need to describe the sides of objects. I would like to speak with informal street-style Mexican with him because ...
5
votes
2answers
125 views

How do you say “offset” in Spanish?

We use this word in IT to query some paged services. As they return a collection of objects, we can tell the service two different parameters to read all the pages. These are limit and offset. How ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Origin of the name “Jesucristo”

The name Jesus translates simply as Jesús, and Christ as Christo. So why is Jesus Christ translated as Jesucristo rather than Jesús Cristo or Cristo Jesús? Google gives me a plethora of explanations ...
0
votes
4answers
376 views

“Vídeo tutorial” or “videotutorial”

What is the correct form of "Vídeo tutorial" or "videotutorial"? It refers to a video to teach other people about something.
1
vote
3answers
238 views

The reason of being feminine in `a su derecha`?

I've encountered the following sentences in my Rosetta Stone Spanish program: El teatro está a su derecha. El café está a su izquierda. On the two sentences above, why do these use feminine nouns? ...
4
votes
2answers
134 views

What is the gender classification of a word which can take either gender?

A few words in Spanish have no specific gender. Generally (to my knowledge) these words refer to people, and the gender follows the gender of the person about whom is being spoken. Some examples: ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

The word ending “-ita/-ito” and its usage

English: From what I've seen, the -ita/-ito ending is used for describing little things, or as a better way of describing time periods, especially in businesses (like a waitress saying La comida va a ...
2
votes
2answers
308 views

Why is “Tierra” capitalized but “cielos” is not?

In Chapter 3 of the book Aprendamos del Gran Maestro I came across this sentence fragment: "Dios es el Creador de todo: el hizo los cielos y la Tierra, ..." Why is "earth" ("Tierra") capitalized ...
5
votes
2answers
798 views

Palabras en castellano análogas a “safety” y “security” en inglés

Según Google, las palabras inglesas "safety" y "security", traducidas al castellano, ambas significan "seguridad". Sin embargo, "safety" y "security" no significan exactamente lo mismo en inglés. Por ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

What is the implied subject in these weather statements?

This question got me thinking about phrases such as: Hace frio. Está lloviendo. In English, these are phrased as "It is cold" or "It is raining"--"It" is the subject. In Spanish the ...
3
votes
3answers
382 views

Nombre del símbolo # en varios países

Varias veces, en publicidad radial o televisiva en Colombia, escucho que llaman a ese símbolo como hashtag. Yo lo conozco como numeral, pero estoy seguro que así no se le llama en otros países. ¿Qué ...
2
votes
3answers
963 views

Using El, La, Los and Las when it seems that they should not be used

I've been teaching myself Spanish for a while now and am getting ok but I am confused by the use of el, la, los and las. I know that they are used to give gender and number. That's no problem. What ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

When and why is a “determiner” necessary for a subject?

This answer mentions that: In Spanish, for a number of reasons ... , a subject must have some sort of determiner attached to it. For cena that could be an article like una or la; a quantifier like ...
4
votes
1answer
818 views

Origin of gender-neutral nouns such as “la/el artista”, “la/el testigo”, “la/el poeta”

English: This question is more out curiosity than anything else, but I was wondering if there is a reason that nouns like "artista", "testigo", and "poeta" are gender neutral, meaning the word ending ...
3
votes
4answers
313 views

Using embedded pronouns inside verbs [duplicate]

So, I'm in Spanish 1, and I've heard that pronouns (Yo, tu, el, etc.) are embedded in conjugated verbs. I've noticed the use of a separate pronoun along with a conjugated verb, and it seems a little ...
2
votes
2answers
656 views

Is “gata” vulgar? What about “gatita”?

It's been indicated to me that in French "la chatte" (feminine version of "le chat", the cat) is used as a vulgar term and its usage is somewhat delicate. Does the same apply to gata, or gatita?
1
vote
7answers
315 views

What is the implied noun in “empanada”?

I love empanadas. As I was eating one today, I guessed that "empanada" must mean something like "breaded". A quick web search made me feel inordinately proud of my guess. But I can't yet find a name ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the plural of “suéter”?

What's the plural of "suéter"? In Mexico, most of the times is called "sueters". Is it "sueters" or "suéteres"?
2
votes
2answers
414 views

Equivalente de “discoverability” en español

Estoy estudiando redes de computadoras y en el libro Head First Networking aparece un término que sí entiendo pero quisiera saber si existe algún equivalente en español para él, el término es "...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Phrase used for daily status meeting?

What phrase is used in Latin America for a daily status meeting among coworkers or team members in a business setting?
5
votes
1answer
271 views

¿“Los auriculares” o “el auriculares”?

¿Cuando hablo sobre un par de auriculares en español, cuál es correcto? Los auriculares fueron caro. El auriculares fue caro. ¿Y también, es auriculares la palabra correcta para esta cosa?
6
votes
2answers
9k views

Is there a translation for “cougar”?

I mean cougar as in a middle-aged woman seeking a romantic relationship with a younger man. I know the term asaltacunas, but this applies to both men and women, so I would like to know if there is a ...
8
votes
3answers
291 views

Two nouns in a row, or, is it OK to omit “de”?

Two or more nouns are sometimes used consecutively, with the second modifying the first. For instance, I recently received a mail whose subject was "Honorarios migración." This is, I suppose, ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Translating “break” (during work)

In the US, it is common for workers to take a half-hour or hour lunch break in the middle of the day, plus two ten or fifteen minute breaks in the morning and afternoon. Spanish has many words that ...