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19
votes
6answers
5k views

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre tú, usted, y vos?

Ya he oido las palabras tú, usted, y vos, pero la traducción de todas esas palabras a Inglés es la misma: you. ¿Cuándo es mejor usar tú o vos en vez de usted, o viceversa?
19
votes
4answers
494 views

Question words: “qué” versus “cuál”

English Often "qué" is translated to English as "what" and "cuál" is translated as "which." However, I know that this is not always the case. Here are some examples. (Please correct me if I am ...
18
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I ask someone not to call me “usted”?

Suppose you're in a situation where you have a formal/business relationship with someone, but the relationship has become more familiar over time. The other person continues to call you usted. How ...
18
votes
5answers
353 views

What does “lo” in “(no) lo es” refer to?

English: In this sentence, for example: El dinero no lo es todo en la vida. What does this "lo" refer to? Can it be omitted ("El dinero no es todo")? Español: En esta frase, por ejemplo: ...
16
votes
3answers
362 views

How do I know whether to attach a direct object pronoun to the infinitive?

I often struggle to decide what sounds right when I need to use direct object pronouns. Lessons on these pronouns have not been much help because they teach that when using a direct object pronoun it ...
15
votes
5answers
718 views

When should I use the word 'yo' in a sentence where the verb conjugation already shows that I am the subject?

Early on while I was learning Spanish, my teachers would always make us use the pronoun 'yo' even if it was redundant: Yo pienso que... Yo quiero... Yo hablo... etc. However, a more ...
14
votes
9answers
4k views

'vos' vs 'tú' usage by country

I lived for a while in Bolivia, and I noticed some people used "vos" instead of "tú" as the second person familiar singular pronoun. Which countries use "vos" instead of "tú", and are there any that ...
8
votes
2answers
429 views

Why is “Usted” grammatically a third person?

In English polite form of address is "You" which is second person singular and plural. In Russian it is "Вы" which is plural second person. In Spanish (and probably French and Italian) polite address ...
8
votes
3answers
846 views

Why is Usted sometimes abbreviated as Vd. instead of Ud.? Is there any difference in usage between the two?

I've noticed that the word Usted can be abbreviated at least 2 ways, the most common of which being Ud. and Vd. to my knowledge. I see how Ud. makes perfect sense, but why is a V used instead of a U ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the correct order of object pronouns?

I know that there are (at least) three types of personal pronouns in Spanish (well, and English): direct, indirect, and reflexive. In cases where all three (or at least two) are present, what is the ...
8
votes
1answer
141 views

Indirect object and “le”

La madre le lava la cara a la niña. In that sentence, why is the word "le" there? The sentence already has a indirect object ("a la niña"), but removing the "le" makes the sentence to sound ...
7
votes
5answers
171 views

¿Existen las palabras «nosotras» y «vosotras»?

¿Es posible usar nosotras o vosotras? Nunca las he oido, pero pienso que talvez son como ellas, pero para la primera persona y la segunda persona, respectivamente. Han oido ustedes estas palabras?
7
votes
2answers
503 views

Why “a ti” and not just “ti”

I am very much a beginner when it comes to learning Spanish. I have turned my language settings for Facebook from English to Spanish so that I see the language regularly and I have noticed that the ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

When is “ello” used?

A long time ago in Spanish class, we were taught that "it" was literally ello but is rarely translated that way. I was thinking about the word recently, and realized I don't know if I've ever (at ...
6
votes
4answers
249 views

What is the role of the “le” in the sentence “Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo.”?

The sentence "Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo." translates into Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (his ...
6
votes
1answer
306 views

Etymology of “usted”

What is the etymology of the pronoun "usted"? What formal pronouns existed before, and when did the current "usted" come into existence?
6
votes
1answer
946 views

What is the meaning of “que” and “cual” without an accent mark?

What does "que" and "cual" mean without an accent mark? How do they compare when to each other? How do they compare to their accent-marked form?
6
votes
1answer
150 views

Are there regions or dialects which use both “tú” and “vos”?

In my experience most places use either "tú" or "vos" for the second person singular intimate/informal pronoun. But I haven't been to every Spanish speaking country and area. Are there places which ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What does the “lo” in “pasarlo bien” refer to?

The phrase pasarlo bien means something like "to have a good time" in sentences like, "Lo pasamos muy bien anoche." What does the "lo" in this phrase refer to? Does it replace an actual noun, or is it ...
5
votes
2answers
294 views

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo?

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo? How common are they, and where are they primarily encountered?
5
votes
2answers
220 views

“¿Me lo puedo probar?” vs “¿Lo puedo probar?”

¿Qué diferencia hay entre las oraciones siguientes? ¿Me lo puedo probar? ¿Lo puedo probar?
5
votes
2answers
90 views

Convention for group-recited, gender-specific, self-referencing pronouns

What convention (or conventions) exist for words that are recited by a group of people, but refer to oneself using gender-specific pronouns? The most common context is probably group worship in a ...
5
votes
1answer
392 views

What does “les” mean here?

Please read the following sentence: Tras años de litigios, en tres semanas, esas monedas de oro y plata estarán en donde les corresponde es decir, en nuestro país. What does "les" mean? If ...
4
votes
4answers
778 views

How do you use the “passive se” with a reflexive verb?

What is the rule for using the "passive se" (e.g. "¿Cómo se dice?") with a reflexive verb that involves another se pronoun? For example, how would you translate "One takes a shower (ducharse) ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Nos hace sentirnos o Nos hace sentir

¿Qué forma es correcta? y ¿qué regla se aplica en estos casos? Nos hace sentirnos. o Nos hace sentir. Me hace sentirme. o Me hace sentir. Te hace sentirte. o Te ...
4
votes
2answers
588 views

Origin of “vos” pronoun

How did the vos personal pronoun come to be? Is it etymologically related to vosotros in any way? Did it develop before or after the other personal pronouns used today (tú, usted, vosotros, etc)? Was ...
4
votes
1answer
305 views

Cannot use adverbs + possessives: “delante de ti” v/s “delante tuyo”

In Spanish there are some adverbs followed by de: Delante de, atrás de, en frente de, etc... When these adverbs are followed in a sentence by a declined pronoun, they are often "contracted" ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Gramática : Que

En la siguiente frase: Déjame que te lo cuente. ¿Podría quitar el "que"? ¿Por qué?
4
votes
1answer
61 views

If you need to clarify a speaker with a pronoun, do you need to clarify all verbs in the sentence with one?

The following is ambiguous: Mientras era feliz, eres cansado y era triste. If you want to clarifiy speakers by adding pronouns to the verbs, would you have to do it to all them, or only until ...
4
votes
5answers
212 views

Gramatica: te veo los ojos

I have few questions: In the example "Te veo los ojos", in English that is "I see your eyes". te=your, right? If I change the sentence to "Se veo los ojos", then it will become "I see ...
4
votes
5answers
853 views

When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Grammar of tengo and tienes

I am having trouble understanding how to use tienes/tengo and other related "have" words. For example, in my current lesson in Rosetta Stone, the following examples are used: Tengo anteojos de ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

lo ayudo vs. le ayudo (direct vs. indirect object)

When describing someone helping someone else, does ayudar take a direct or indirect object pronoun? In other words, is it: ¿Lo puedo ayudar? or ¿La puedo ayudar? or ¿Le puedo ayudar? If ...
3
votes
1answer
668 views

se pronoun in “no fault constructions”

One page I recently ran across discusses the concept of "no fault constructions" or verbs that use se in such a way to describe an action as taking place apart from the person who caused the action. ...
3
votes
2answers
519 views

What exactly are the “passive se” and “impersonal se”?

Many materials for learning Spanish, discuss the "impersonal se" (e.g. ¿Se puede tocar esto?) and "passive se" (e.g. Se habla español.). What exactly are these forms grammatically? Is the se in both ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

When are 'me', 'te', 'os' and 'vos' used?

Yo necesito un poco de ayuda. I have just begun learning Spanish, our professor was explaining about 'me' & 'te'. I am totally confused about when you use 'me', 'te', 'os' and 'vos'. Is there ...
3
votes
2answers
411 views

Objeto Indirecto

I was given the sentence ¿Quiénes os están haciendo las camas? and asked to put it into the form: Ellos……….…están haciendo using the objeto indirecto (OI) and the objeto directo (OD). ...
3
votes
1answer
728 views

What does “le” mean here?

Please look at this sentence: ¿Pero hacen algo los críos, no? ¿Las marmotas ? no. No, es la marmota que le sale. Es la marmota y ... Es como si le saliera un grano al mar , un ...
3
votes
2answers
550 views

When should I attach the indirect and direct object pronoun to the end of a verb?

I was wondering if you should ever attach the indirect and direct object pronoun to a conjugated verb, and if so, when that would occur? For example, let's say I wanted to convert "La maestra da un ...
2
votes
5answers
141 views

“echado” vs “echando”

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish ...
2
votes
4answers
135 views

Using pronoun after similarly conjugated verb?

Español Me encontré esta frase que me confundió en una canción : "hoy me muero yo". ¿Cuál es el significado de añadir el pronombre después de haber conjugado el verbo? Inglés I came across a ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Los valores de SE

Encontré unas preguntas cuando estuve haciendo los ejercicios sobre los valores de SE. ¿Podrían ayudarme? SE le trató muy bien. (Creí que es Verbo Pronominal por tratarse, pero la correcta es, ...
2
votes
3answers
75 views

Exactly what type of a word is “véase”?

I see the words véase and véanse somewhat frequently. I understand they are used like this: See page 5 Véase página 5 And See pages 5 and 6 Véanse páginas 5 y 6 ...
2
votes
4answers
80 views

What is the difference in meaning between: se celebra & celebra?

I am having a hard time knowing when to use a reflexive pronoun before a verb. I understand when they are used before reflexive verbs but I often see them in front of non reflexive verbs too. For ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Usage of sí vs sí mismo

It seems to me that the words "sí" and "sí mismo" both refer to the subject of a verb (reflexively), but I don't know when to use one or the other. Me parece que las palabras "sí" y "sí mismo" se ...
2
votes
6answers
152 views

How to handle the ambiguity of the verb “presentar”, when both objects (DO and IO) are present?

Por ejemplo: Te voy a presentar a mi novia. How can one tell whether this should be translated as 'I am going to introduce you to my girlfriend' or 'I am going to introduce my ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Pregunta sobre pronombre: preguntárnoslas

please look at the below sentence: Gabriela no quiere presentarnos a sus amigas. (Gabriela doesn't want to introduce us (DO) to her friends (IO)) where DO is Direct Object and IO is indirect ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

el bar / la barra

De Mi mundo adorado por Sonia Sotomayor: En esencia, era un bar para estudiantes graduados en el que se vendían los tragos más baratos de New Haven. Como vicepresidenta de operacíones, él me ...
1
vote
3answers
334 views

“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...