Uso de pronombres (palabras cuyo referente no es fijo, sino determinado por el contexto u otros sustantivos ya usados en la frase). Use of pronouns (words that refer to another noun previously mentioned in the sentence of inferred from the context).

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6
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286 views

Is Spain the only country that uses “vosotros” for “you all”?

Is Spain the only country that uses vosotros for you all (informal) instead of ustedes? (In the second-person perspective). Examples: Spain: Vosotros sois inteligentes. Other (?): Ustedes ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

“Te tengo que decir adiós” o “tengo a decir adiós”

¡Buenas, amigos! Yo tengo una pregunta, yo escucho una canción, y algunas palabras son: "Te tengo que decir adios" ¿Cómo? Al decir "I have to say goodbye" en español, ¿por qué no dice "yo ...
3
votes
3answers
92 views

El uso de «se» en «se llevó los niños a rezar»

¿Qué significa el se en esta frase? Siempre didáctico, hizo [Melquíades] una sabia exposición sobre las virtudes diabólicas del cinabrio. Úrsula no le hizo caso, sino que se llevó los niños a ...
15
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10answers
5k views

'vos' vs 'tú' usage by country

I lived for a while in Bolivia, and I noticed some people used "vos" instead of "tú" as the second person familiar singular pronoun. Which countries use "vos" instead of "tú", and are there any that ...
2
votes
3answers
192 views

Is this the proper way of using “lo que”?

I have this sentence in a speech, and I don't think it makes sense: Lo que menos me gusta es viajando por avión. I'm trying to say: What is least pleasing to me is traveling by airplane. I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
456 views

¿Por qué se usa la forma “tú” en publicidades en vez de “usted”?

Muchas veces he encontrado publicidades que usan la forma tú como lo siguiente: Yo pienso que que estaría mejor usar la forma usted, porque es mas formal y profesional (en mi opinión). ¿Quizás no ...
4
votes
3answers
136 views

Is it OK to end a sentence with an object pronoun (e.g. “He aprendido mucho de los”)

I'm trying to tell someone that I've learned a lot from a set of videos and books: "Thanks a lot for your excellent books and videos. I have learned a lot from them." and so my attempted translation ...
4
votes
4answers
169 views

Where did using “un servidor” to address yourself come from? / De donde se origina la costumbre de llamerse a sí mismo “un servidor”?

I've heard from many Spanish-speakers now that when they talk about themselves, they use the phrase "un servidor" instead of "yo" or "mi." I have always thought of the English equivalent of the phrase ...
3
votes
4answers
331 views

Can “mi” be used as a regular pronoun?

Mi is usually used like this: Esta es mi casa. --> This is my house. However, sometimes I've seen it used as a regular pronoun like this: Él tiene más libros que mi. --> He has more books ...
2
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1answer
87 views

How is “se” used in the context of passive voice?

How is "se" used in sentences with passive voice? For eg: The book is being read by me, Pizza is being delivered by her etc.
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2answers
107 views

When does one replace “le/les” with the pronoun “se”?

When are the objective pronouns le/les replaced with se?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the correct order of object pronouns?

I know that there are (at least) three types of personal pronouns in Spanish (well, and English): direct, indirect, and reflexive. In cases where all three (or at least two) are present, what is the ...
2
votes
6answers
217 views

“echado” vs “echando”

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

usage of “su” (the pronoun)

English: I've always thought the Spanish pronoun "su" means "his/hers", as in su perro es grande. Recently though in my language studies, I've noticed "su" being used in the "your" context as in por ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

Exactly what type of a word is “véase”?

I see the words véase and véanse somewhat frequently. I understand they are used like this: See page 5 Véase página 5 And See pages 5 and 6 Véanse páginas 5 y 6 ...
17
votes
3answers
411 views

How do I know whether to attach a direct object pronoun to the infinitive?

I often struggle to decide what sounds right when I need to use direct object pronouns. Lessons on these pronouns have not been much help because they teach that when using a direct object pronoun it ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
2
votes
4answers
160 views

What is the difference in meaning between: se celebra & celebra?

I am having a hard time knowing when to use a reflexive pronoun before a verb. I understand when they are used before reflexive verbs but I often see them in front of non reflexive verbs too. For ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Usages of Se and Verbs [duplicate]

I get really confused about this and am looking for some kind of trick. It seems sometimes "se" means to do something to oneself and sometimes not. "Juan se ducha" (Juan showers himself) Other ...
0
votes
3answers
143 views

Can someone give me an easy (or at least grokkable) rule of thumb for how to tell the difference between “this” and “that” and “these” and “those”?

I had to take the duoLingo "Determiners/1" test about 42 times to get it right; there seems to be no rhyme or reason to it. Some examples of where I stubbed my toe: 0)"Quien bebe de esta taza?" I ...
1
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2answers
84 views

el bar / la barra

De Mi mundo adorado por Sonia Sotomayor: En esencia, era un bar para estudiantes graduados en el que se vendían los tragos más baratos de New Haven. Como vicepresidenta de operacíones, él me ...
4
votes
5answers
240 views

Gramatica: te veo los ojos

I have few questions: In the example "Te veo los ojos", in English that is "I see your eyes". te=your, right? If I change the sentence to "Se veo los ojos", then it will become "I see ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Nos hace sentirnos o Nos hace sentir

¿Qué forma es correcta? y ¿qué regla se aplica en estos casos? Nos hace sentirnos. o Nos hace sentir. Me hace sentirme. o Me hace sentir. Te hace sentirte. o Te ...
2
votes
6answers
193 views

How to handle the ambiguity of the verb “presentar”, when both objects (DO and IO) are present?

Por ejemplo: Te voy a presentar a mi novia. How can one tell whether this should be translated as 'I am going to introduce you to my girlfriend' or 'I am going to introduce my ...
20
votes
6answers
8k views

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre tú, usted, y vos?

Ya he oido las palabras tú, usted, y vos, pero la traducción de todas esas palabras a Inglés es la misma: you. ¿Cuándo es mejor usar tú o vos en vez de usted, o viceversa?
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vote
1answer
96 views

Dictionary entry “Vérselas y deseárselas”

In my dictionary there is an entry belonging to "ver": vérselas y deseárselas para conseguir algo which should mean something like "take a great effort to obtain sth.". I have seen a similar phrase ...
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3answers
279 views

Use of “me” in the phrase “me llevo este”

I would like to know what kind of word is "me" in the phrase "me llevo este" (meaning I'll take this one). Is it a reflexive verb? How can you tell? Thanks a lot.
0
votes
1answer
341 views

Pronombres personales y su función sintáctica

Estoy leyendo La Casa de Bernarda Alba de Federico García Lorca. Encontré una frase que no era capaz de analizar: Es capaz de sentarse encima de tu corazón y ver cómo te mueres durante un año sin ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

Usage of sí vs sí mismo

It seems to me that the words "sí" and "sí mismo" both refer to the subject of a verb (reflexively), but I don't know when to use one or the other. Me parece que las palabras "sí" y "sí mismo" se ...
1
vote
3answers
469 views

“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
1
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2answers
99 views

Double object construction

I've read that in double object constructions like the following, the indirect object pronoun gets included when there is an indirect object noun. Juan le dio un regalo a Martin. John gave ...
5
votes
2answers
342 views

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo?

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo? How common are they, and where are they primarily encountered?
0
votes
2answers
85 views

What is the general rule to use accusatival pronouns to refer to nouns repeatedly?

I'm just a beginner of Spanish. An exercise of my Spanish text book asks the readers to ask questions about the bold part in the sentence: Todo lo hacen muy rápido. My answer is: ¿Cómo todo lo ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Los valores de SE

Encontré unas preguntas cuando estuve haciendo los ejercicios sobre los valores de SE. ¿Podrían ayudarme? SE le trató muy bien. (Creí que es Verbo Pronominal por tratarse, pero la correcta es, ...
6
votes
2answers
98 views

Convention for group-recited, gender-specific, self-referencing pronouns

What convention (or conventions) exist for words that are recited by a group of people, but refer to oneself using gender-specific pronouns? The most common context is probably group worship in a ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

When are 'me', 'te', 'os' and 'vos' used?

Yo necesito un poco de ayuda. I have just begun learning Spanish, our professor was explaining about 'me' & 'te'. I am totally confused about when you use 'me', 'te', 'os' and 'vos'. Is there ...
5
votes
2answers
248 views

“¿Me lo puedo probar?” vs “¿Lo puedo probar?”

¿Qué diferencia hay entre las oraciones siguientes? ¿Me lo puedo probar? ¿Lo puedo probar?
1
vote
1answer
70 views

When using object pronouns, should I say “la van a ver a” or “la van a ver”?

If I have a question: ¿Quiénes van a ver a Luisa el domingo? I can answer it someway like this, using object pronoun (I do not know if this is the right way to say that in English): Los alumnos van ...
3
votes
2answers
465 views

Objeto Indirecto

I was given the sentence ¿Quiénes os están haciendo las camas? and asked to put it into the form: Ellos……….…están haciendo using the objeto indirecto (OI) and the objeto directo (OD). ...
7
votes
2answers
914 views

Why “a ti” and not just “ti”

I am very much a beginner when it comes to learning Spanish. I have turned my language settings for Facebook from English to Spanish so that I see the language regularly and I have noticed that the ...
4
votes
4answers
945 views

How do you use the “passive se” with a reflexive verb?

What is the rule for using the "passive se" (e.g. "¿Cómo se dice?") with a reflexive verb that involves another se pronoun? For example, how would you translate "One takes a shower (ducharse) ...
8
votes
2answers
559 views

Why is “Usted” grammatically a third person?

In English polite form of address is "You" which is second person singular and plural. In Russian it is "Вы" which is plural second person. In Spanish (and probably French and Italian) polite address ...
2
votes
4answers
164 views

Using pronoun after similarly conjugated verb?

Español Me encontré esta frase que me confundió en una canción : "hoy me muero yo". ¿Cuál es el significado de añadir el pronombre después de haber conjugado el verbo? Inglés I came across a ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Gramática : Que

En la siguiente frase: Déjame que te lo cuente. ¿Podría quitar el "que"? ¿Por qué?
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
18
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I ask someone not to call me “usted”?

Suppose you're in a situation where you have a formal/business relationship with someone, but the relationship has become more familiar over time. The other person continues to call you usted. How ...
19
votes
4answers
572 views

Question words: “qué” versus “cuál”

English Often "qué" is translated to English as "what" and "cuál" is translated as "which." However, I know that this is not always the case. Here are some examples. (Please correct me if I am ...
15
votes
5answers
920 views

When should I use the word 'yo' in a sentence where the verb conjugation already shows that I am the subject?

Early on while I was learning Spanish, my teachers would always make us use the pronoun 'yo' even if it was redundant: Yo pienso que... Yo quiero... Yo hablo... etc. However, a more ...
6
votes
4answers
290 views

What is the role of the “le” in the sentence “Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo.”?

The sentence "Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo." translates into Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (his ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is Usted sometimes abbreviated as Vd. instead of Ud.? Is there any difference in usage between the two?

I've noticed that the word Usted can be abbreviated at least 2 ways, the most common of which being Ud. and Vd. to my knowledge. I see how Ud. makes perfect sense, but why is a V used instead of a U ...