Uso de pronombres (palabras cuyo referente no es fijo, sino determinado por el contexto u otros sustantivos ya usados en la frase). Use of pronouns (words that refer to another noun previously mentioned in the sentence of inferred from the context).

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¿Cuál es la diferencia entre tú, usted y vos?

He oído las palabras "tú", "usted", y "vos", pero la traducción de todas esas palabras al inglés es la misma: "you". ¿Cuándo es mejor usar "tú" o "vos" en vez de "usted", o viceversa?
4
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6answers
333 views

Gramática: “te veo los ojos”

I have few questions: In the example "Te veo los ojos", in English that is "I see your eyes". te=your, right? If I change the sentence to "Se veo los ojos", then it will become "I see ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How do you use the “passive se” with a reflexive verb?

What is the rule for using the "passive se" (e.g. "¿Cómo se dice?") with a reflexive verb that involves another se pronoun? For example, how would you translate "One takes a shower (ducharse) ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre “el que,“ ”el cual“ y “que”?

¿Cuándo debo usar “el que” y "el cual" (y “la que,” "la cual," etcétera) y cuándo debo usar “que”? Por ejemplo, ¿debo decir: Él odia al hombre con que estaba yo hablando. o Él odia al ...
21
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4answers
720 views

Question words: “qué” versus “cuál”

English Often "qué" is translated to English as "what" and "cuál" is translated as "which." However, I know that this is not always the case. Here are some examples. (Please correct me if I am ...
7
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6answers
405 views

What is the role of the “le” in the sentence “Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo.”?

The sentence "Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo." translates into Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (his ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

No lo conozco - Why does the lo mean 'he'?

I am studying Spanish with Michel Thomas Method. It says the following: I don’t know him. = No lo conozco. I don't understand this? I thought lo means it. Shouldn't it be le? If not, then when do ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

¿Cómo traducir 'I am her husband'?

I am learning with duolingo.com and had to translate I am her husband. I thought the correct translation is Soy le marido, but duolingo says Soy su marido is correct. Which is correct? The sentence ...
4
votes
3answers
163 views

Meaning of “Se te olvidó quererme”

I'm learning Spanish, so I listen to a lot of Spanish music. One of the songs that I have is called Se te olvidó quererme I can't seem to figure out what it means. Google translate translates ...
10
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3answers
805 views

Why is “Usted” grammatically a third person?

In English polite form of address is "You" which is second person singular and plural. In Russian it is "Вы" which is plural second person. In Spanish (and probably French and Italian) polite address ...
20
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6answers
542 views

What does “lo” in “(no) lo es” refer to?

English: In this sentence, for example: El dinero no lo es todo en la vida. What does this "lo" refer to? Can it be omitted ("El dinero no es todo")? Español: En esta frase, por ejemplo: ...
2
votes
4answers
127 views

Uso del pronombre “se” en “Se viene la Copa América”

Desde hace algunos años se ha vuelto muy frecuente en Chile la expresión "se viene...", con el significado de "ya viene" o "se acerca", sobre todo en publicidad y en el periodismo deportivo. Por ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Grammar of tengo and tienes

I am having trouble understanding how to use tienes/tengo and other related "have" words. For example, in my current lesson in Rosetta Stone, the following examples are used: Tengo anteojos de ...
0
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2answers
78 views

Would 'quién' be used here or 'quien'?

No tengo a nadie con quien practicar. Would quién be used here or quien? Guides online that explain the difference are a little hard for me to understand. Which is grammatical?
0
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2answers
34 views

Pronouns direct and indirect

¿El director les quiere dar el guión a los actores? Sí, quiere dárselos or Sí, quiere dárselo. Which one is correct?
3
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3answers
5k views

When are 'me', 'te', 'os' and 'vos' used?

Yo necesito un poco de ayuda. I have just begun learning Spanish, our professor was explaining about 'me' & 'te'. I am totally confused about when you use 'me', 'te', 'os' and 'vos'. Is there ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Redundant attachment of indirect object pronouns to infinitives

edit: It seems I wrote my examples wrong. I wanted to write: Quiero comermelo (I want to eat it) Quiero comerlo (I want to eat it) I sometimes see that indirect object pronouns are ...
18
votes
13answers
8k views

'vos' vs 'tú' usage by country

I lived for a while in Bolivia, and I noticed some people used "vos" instead of "tú" as the second person familiar singular pronoun. Which countries use "vos" instead of "tú", and are there any that ...
1
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3answers
217 views

The difference between the use of “les” and “los”

El maestro ......... lee un libro. The correct answer to the above blank is 'nos' or 'les'. But it made me confused why 'los' also not was the correct choice. As I know both mean 'them' and both ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What does “le” refer to in this sentence?

Another sample sentence I came across: Le añadiremos aceite al motor cuando lo necesite. What does the pronoun Le refer to, and is it necessary? aceite o el motor? (Or something else I'm not ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

The use of “tu” in Spanish

As 'tu' in Spanish means both "his/her" and "your", the following sentence: Ella es tu única hermana. Can the sentence be translated both as: She is your only sister. and She is his ...
4
votes
2answers
96 views

«Adónde» vs «Adonde»

Empezar con un fin en mente significa comenzar con una clara comprensión de su destino. Significa saber adónde se está yendo, de modo que se pueda comprender mejor dónde se está, y dar siempre los ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

¿Le quedan entradas?

In the question: ¿Le quedan entradas? The "pronombre" le is it used to express a formal way to ask somebody "do you have tickets left"? For example the following question is the equivalent ...
1
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2answers
196 views

Is “la” actually incorrect here?

I'm doing Duolingo Spanish. The other day, I had the sentence We are not doing it To which I gave the answer No la hacemos This was marked wrong, with the correct solution of No lo ...
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2answers
99 views

Direct Object/Indirect Object Pronouns

This is a sentence from "La Forma de la Espada", by Borges: "Entonces yo volví, derribé de un golpe al soldado, sacudí a Vincent Moon, lo insulté y le ordené que me siguiera." I think I understand ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Choosing gender of adjectives or object pronouns

I can best explain my question with an example. I am eating a delicious beefsteak (el bistec) at a friend´s house. I want to express how good it is, so without saying ´beefsteak´ I say, Está muy ...
0
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2answers
75 views

You're going to like it

In my spanish course I was presented with: te va a encantar As a translation of You're going to like it. But what confuses me is the combination of the pronoun te with the verb conjugationva. ...
6
votes
3answers
901 views

Is Spain the only country that uses “vosotros” for “you all”?

Is Spain the only country that uses vosotros for you all (informal) instead of ustedes? (In the second-person perspective). Examples: Spain: Vosotros sois inteligentes. Other (?): Ustedes ...
0
votes
2answers
144 views

“Te tengo que decir adiós” o “tengo a decir adiós”

¡Buenas, amigos! Yo tengo una pregunta, yo escucho una canción, y algunas palabras son: "Te tengo que decir adios" ¿Cómo? Al decir "I have to say goodbye" en español, ¿por qué no dice "yo ...
3
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3answers
126 views

El uso de «se» en «se llevó los niños a rezar»

¿Qué significa el se en esta frase? Siempre didáctico, hizo [Melquíades] una sabia exposición sobre las virtudes diabólicas del cinabrio. Úrsula no le hizo caso, sino que se llevó los niños a ...
2
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3answers
237 views

Is this the proper way of using “lo que”?

I have this sentence in a speech, and I don't think it makes sense: Lo que menos me gusta es viajando por avión. I'm trying to say: What is least pleasing to me is traveling by airplane. I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
687 views

¿Por qué se usa la forma “tú” en publicidades en vez de “usted”?

Muchas veces he encontrado publicidades que usan la forma tú como lo siguiente: Yo pienso que que estaría mejor usar la forma usted, porque es mas formal y profesional (en mi opinión). ¿Quizás no ...
4
votes
3answers
200 views

Is it OK to end a sentence with an object pronoun (e.g. “He aprendido mucho de los”)

I'm trying to tell someone that I've learned a lot from a set of videos and books: "Thanks a lot for your excellent books and videos. I have learned a lot from them." and so my attempted translation ...
4
votes
4answers
300 views

Where did using “un servidor” to address yourself come from? / De donde se origina la costumbre de llamerse a sí mismo “un servidor”?

I've heard from many Spanish-speakers now that when they talk about themselves, they use the phrase "un servidor" instead of "yo" or "mi." I have always thought of the English equivalent of the phrase ...
3
votes
4answers
363 views

Can “mi” be used as a regular pronoun?

Mi is usually used like this: Esta es mi casa. --> This is my house. However, sometimes I've seen it used as a regular pronoun like this: Él tiene más libros que mi. --> He has more books ...
2
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1answer
141 views

How is “se” used in the context of passive voice?

How is "se" used in sentences with passive voice? For eg: The book is being read by me, Pizza is being delivered by her etc.
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2answers
292 views
8
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3answers
3k views

What is the correct order of object pronouns?

I know that there are (at least) three types of personal pronouns in Spanish (well, and English): direct, indirect, and reflexive. In cases where all three (or at least two) are present, what is the ...
2
votes
6answers
286 views

“echado” vs “echando”

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

usage of “su” (the pronoun)

English: I've always thought the Spanish pronoun "su" means "his/hers", as in su perro es grande. Recently though in my language studies, I've noticed "su" being used in the "your" context as in por ...
2
votes
3answers
363 views

Exactly what type of a word is “véase”?

I see the words véase and véanse somewhat frequently. I understand they are used like this: See page 5 Véase página 5 And See pages 5 and 6 Véanse páginas 5 y 6 ...
18
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3answers
479 views

How do I know whether to attach a direct object pronoun to the infinitive?

I often struggle to decide what sounds right when I need to use direct object pronouns. Lessons on these pronouns have not been much help because they teach that when using a direct object pronoun it ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
2
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4answers
356 views

What is the difference in meaning between: se celebra & celebra?

I am having a hard time knowing when to use a reflexive pronoun before a verb. I understand when they are used before reflexive verbs but I often see them in front of non reflexive verbs too. For ...
0
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2answers
90 views

Usages of Se and Verbs [duplicate]

I get really confused about this and am looking for some kind of trick. It seems sometimes "se" means to do something to oneself and sometimes not. "Juan se ducha" (Juan showers himself) Other ...
0
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3answers
157 views

Can someone give me an easy (or at least grokkable) rule of thumb for how to tell the difference between “this” and “that” and “these” and “those”?

I had to take the duoLingo "Determiners/1" test about 42 times to get it right; there seems to be no rhyme or reason to it. Some examples of where I stubbed my toe: 0)"Quien bebe de esta taza?" I ...
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vote
2answers
109 views

el bar / la barra

De Mi mundo adorado por Sonia Sotomayor: En esencia, era un bar para estudiantes graduados en el que se vendían los tragos más baratos de New Haven. Como vicepresidenta de operacíones, él me ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Nos hace sentirnos o Nos hace sentir

¿Qué forma es correcta? y ¿qué regla se aplica en estos casos? Nos hace sentirnos. o Nos hace sentir. Me hace sentirme. o Me hace sentir. Te hace sentirte. o Te ...
2
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6answers
262 views

How to handle the ambiguity of the verb “presentar”, when both objects (DO and IO) are present?

Por ejemplo: Te voy a presentar a mi novia. How can one tell whether this should be translated as 'I am going to introduce you to my girlfriend' or 'I am going to introduce my ...