Uso de pronombres (palabras cuyo referente no es fijo, sino determinado por el contexto u otros sustantivos ya usados en la frase). Use of pronouns (words that refer to another noun previously mentioned in the sentence of inferred from the context).

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Usages of Se and Verbs [duplicate]

I get really confused about this and am looking for some kind of trick. It seems sometimes "se" means to do something to oneself and sometimes not. "Juan se ducha" (Juan showers himself) Other ...
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3answers
158 views

Can someone give me an easy (or at least grokkable) rule of thumb for how to tell the difference between “this” and “that” and “these” and “those”?

I had to take the duoLingo "Determiners/1" test about 42 times to get it right; there seems to be no rhyme or reason to it. Some examples of where I stubbed my toe: 0)"Quien bebe de esta taza?" I ...
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113 views

el bar / la barra

De Mi mundo adorado por Sonia Sotomayor: En esencia, era un bar para estudiantes graduados en el que se vendían los tragos más baratos de New Haven. Como vicepresidenta de operacíones, él me ...
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2answers
154 views

Nos hace sentirnos o Nos hace sentir

¿Qué forma es correcta? y ¿qué regla se aplica en estos casos? Nos hace sentirnos. o Nos hace sentir. Me hace sentirme. o Me hace sentir. Te hace sentirte. o Te ...
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6answers
273 views

How to handle the ambiguity of the verb “presentar”, when both objects (DO and IO) are present?

Por ejemplo: Te voy a presentar a mi novia. How can one tell whether this should be translated as 'I am going to introduce you to my girlfriend' or 'I am going to introduce my ...
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1answer
114 views

Dictionary entry “Vérselas y deseárselas”

In my dictionary there is an entry belonging to "ver": vérselas y deseárselas para conseguir algo which should mean something like "take a great effort to obtain sth.". I have seen a similar phrase ...
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3answers
414 views

Use of “me” in the phrase “me llevo este”

I would like to know what kind of word is "me" in the phrase "me llevo este" (meaning I'll take this one). Is it a reflexive verb? How can you tell? Thanks a lot.
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1answer
469 views

Pronombres personales y su función sintáctica

Estoy leyendo La Casa de Bernarda Alba de Federico García Lorca. Encontré una frase que no era capaz de analizar: Es capaz de sentarse encima de tu corazón y ver cómo te mueres durante un año sin ...
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2answers
398 views

Usage of sí vs sí mismo

It seems to me that the words "sí" and "sí mismo" both refer to the subject of a verb (reflexively), but I don't know when to use one or the other. Me parece que las palabras "sí" y "sí mismo" se ...
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3answers
656 views

“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
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2answers
162 views

Double object construction

I've read that in double object constructions like the following, the indirect object pronoun gets included when there is an indirect object noun. Juan le dio un regalo a Martin. John gave ...
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427 views

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo?

What are leísmo, loísmo, and laísmo? How common are they, and where are they primarily encountered?
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2answers
93 views

What is the general rule to use accusatival pronouns to refer to nouns repeatedly?

I'm just a beginner of Spanish. An exercise of my Spanish text book asks the readers to ask questions about the bold part in the sentence: Todo lo hacen muy rápido. My answer is: ¿Cómo todo lo ...
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1answer
152 views

Los valores de SE

Encontré unas preguntas cuando estuve haciendo los ejercicios sobre los valores de SE. ¿Podrían ayudarme? SE le trató muy bien. (Creí que es Verbo Pronominal por tratarse, pero la correcta es, ...
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2answers
102 views

Convention for group-recited, gender-specific, self-referencing pronouns

What convention (or conventions) exist for words that are recited by a group of people, but refer to oneself using gender-specific pronouns? The most common context is probably group worship in a ...
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2answers
330 views

“¿Me lo puedo probar?” vs “¿Lo puedo probar?”

¿Qué diferencia hay entre las oraciones siguientes? ¿Me lo puedo probar? ¿Lo puedo probar?
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1answer
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When using object pronouns, should I say “la van a ver a” or “la van a ver”?

If I have a question: ¿Quiénes van a ver a Luisa el domingo? I can answer it someway like this, using object pronoun (I do not know if this is the right way to say that in English): Los alumnos van ...
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2answers
583 views

Objeto Indirecto

I was given the sentence ¿Quiénes os están haciendo las camas? and asked to put it into the form: Ellos……….…están haciendo using the objeto indirecto (OI) and the objeto directo (OD). ...
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Why “a ti” and not just “ti”

I am very much a beginner when it comes to learning Spanish. I have turned my language settings for Facebook from English to Spanish so that I see the language regularly and I have noticed that the ...
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4answers
213 views

Using pronoun after similarly conjugated verb?

Español Me encontré esta frase que me confundió en una canción : "hoy me muero yo". ¿Cuál es el significado de añadir el pronombre después de haber conjugado el verbo? Inglés I came across a ...
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1answer
64 views

Gramática : Que

En la siguiente frase: Déjame que te lo cuente. ¿Podría quitar el "que"? ¿Por qué?
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1answer
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Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
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5answers
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How do I ask someone not to call me “usted”?

Suppose you're in a situation where you have a formal/business relationship with someone, but the relationship has become more familiar over time. The other person continues to call you usted. How ...
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5answers
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When should I use the word 'yo' in a sentence where the verb conjugation already shows that I am the subject?

Early on while I was learning Spanish, my teachers would always make us use the pronoun 'yo' even if it was redundant: Yo pienso que... Yo quiero... Yo hablo... etc. However, a more ...
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Why is Usted sometimes abbreviated as Vd. instead of Ud.? Is there any difference in usage between the two?

I've noticed that the word Usted can be abbreviated at least 2 ways, the most common of which being Ud. and Vd. to my knowledge. I see how Ud. makes perfect sense, but why is a V used instead of a U ...
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1answer
3k views

lo ayudo vs. le ayudo (direct vs. indirect object)

When describing someone helping someone else, does ayudar take a direct or indirect object pronoun? In other words, is it: ¿Lo puedo ayudar? or ¿La puedo ayudar? or ¿Le puedo ayudar? If ...
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2answers
3k views

What does the “lo” in “pasarlo bien” refer to?

The phrase pasarlo bien means something like "to have a good time" in sentences like, "Lo pasamos muy bien anoche." What does the "lo" in this phrase refer to? Does it replace an actual noun, or is it ...
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2answers
698 views

What exactly are the “passive se” and “impersonal se”?

Many materials for learning Spanish, discuss the "impersonal se" (e.g. ¿Se puede tocar esto?) and "passive se" (e.g. Se habla español.). What exactly are these forms grammatically? Is the se in both ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the meaning of “que” and “cual” without an accent mark?

What does "que" and "cual" mean without an accent mark? How do they compare when to each other? How do they compare to their accent-marked form?
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1answer
420 views

Cannot use adverbs + possessives: “delante de ti” v/s “delante tuyo”

In Spanish there are some adverbs followed by de: Delante de, atrás de, en frente de, etc... When these adverbs are followed in a sentence by a declined pronoun, they are often "contracted" ...
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1answer
1k views

What does “le” mean here?

Please look at this sentence: ¿Pero hacen algo los críos, no? ¿Las marmotas ? no. No, es la marmota que le sale. Es la marmota y ... Es como si le saliera un grano al mar , un ...
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2answers
856 views

When should I attach the indirect and direct object pronoun to the end of a verb?

I was wondering if you should ever attach the indirect and direct object pronoun to a conjugated verb, and if so, when that would occur? For example, let's say I wanted to convert "La maestra da un ...
8
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1answer
173 views

Indirect object and “le”

La madre le lava la cara a la niña. In that sentence, why is the word "le" there? The sentence already has a indirect object ("a la niña"), but removing the "le" makes the sentence to sound ...
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1answer
547 views

What does “les” mean here?

Please read the following sentence: Tras años de litigios, en tres semanas, esas monedas de oro y plata estarán en donde les corresponde es decir, en nuestro país. What does "les" mean? If ...
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1answer
165 views

Pregunta sobre pronombre: preguntárnoslas

please look at the below sentence: Gabriela no quiere presentarnos a sus amigas. (Gabriela doesn't want to introduce us (DO) to her friends (IO)) where DO is Direct Object and IO is indirect ...
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1answer
81 views

If you need to clarify a speaker with a pronoun, do you need to clarify all verbs in the sentence with one?

The following is ambiguous: Mientras era feliz, eres cansado y era triste. If you want to clarifiy speakers by adding pronouns to the verbs, would you have to do it to all them, or only until ...
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Translating “Me la paso pensándote”

In Wisin y Yandel's "Estoy Enamorado," the chorus contains the following line: Me la paso pensándote, nunca voy a soltarte What does "Me la paso pensándote" mean? Is "me" a reflexive or indirect ...
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2answers
853 views

Origin of “vos” pronoun

How did the vos personal pronoun come to be? Is it etymologically related to vosotros in any way? Did it develop before or after the other personal pronouns used today (tú, usted, vosotros, etc)? Was ...
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1answer
1k views

se pronoun in “no fault constructions”

One page I recently ran across discusses the concept of "no fault constructions" or verbs that use se in such a way to describe an action as taking place apart from the person who caused the action. ...
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4answers
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When is “ello” used?

A long time ago in Spanish class, we were taught that "it" was literally ello but is rarely translated that way. I was thinking about the word recently, and realized I don't know if I've ever (at ...
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5answers
195 views

¿Existen las palabras «nosotras» y «vosotras»?

¿Es posible usar nosotras o vosotras? Nunca las he oido, pero pienso que talvez son como ellas, pero para la primera persona y la segunda persona, respectivamente. Han oido ustedes estas palabras?
6
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1answer
190 views

Are there regions or dialects which use both “tú” and “vos”?

In my experience most places use either "tú" or "vos" for the second person singular intimate/informal pronoun. But I haven't been to every Spanish speaking country and area. Are there places which ...
6
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1answer
460 views

Etymology of “usted”

What is the etymology of the pronoun "usted"? What formal pronouns existed before, and when did the current "usted" come into existence?