Function words such as a, de, en, por, para, sin, or sobre

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Should I eat my apple? Usage of the preposition “en”

English: I have seen the Spanish preposition "en" used in various ways in my studies. For example: Ella pone la ropa en la cama. She puts the clothes on the bed or Tengo gozo en mi ...
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2answers
62 views

Asking 'in exchange for what' vs. asking 'why'

One of the many meanings of por is in exchange for. Ex.: Compré una bufanda por diez dólares. I bought a scarf in exchange for ten dollars. In a Spanish question, por qué means why. ¿Por qué ...
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1answer
63 views

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre “el que,“ ”el cual“ y “que”?

¿Cuándo debo usar “el que” y "el cual" (y “la que,” "la cual," etcétera) y cuándo debo usar “que”? Por ejemplo, ¿debo decir: Él odia al hombre con que estaba yo hablando. o Él odia al ...
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98 views

“antes de” and “después de” as conjunctions

English This past year in Spanish class my teacher taught that (conjugated) verbs cannot follow the prepositions antes de and después de, but infinitives can instead: Antes de salir, Santiago ...
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83 views

Why is “of” sometimes “de” and sometimes “del” or “de la”?

Why is "House of Fruit" (or "Fruithouse") - a restaurant/business near Hollister, California - called "Casa de Fruta"? Why is it not "Casa de la Fruta"? Is there a rule of thumb so that one can know ...
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1answer
86 views

Is the grammar for this verse correct? [closed]

Is the grammar in the following verse correct? For example is Niña de Amerilla how you'd say "girl in yellow", as in yellow clothing. I'm especially concerned about the second line, starting with ...
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1answer
76 views

Differing connotations of prepositions meaning “at” (en, de, a, etc…)

Say you have the question "Why are you at my house?" I'm not sure which preposition is appropriate here, as many of them translate to "at". "¿Por qué estás tú en/a/de/... mi casa?" (On an unrelated ...
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54 views

El uso de “contra” y “al” con “clamar”/The use of “contra” and “al” with “clamar”

Español Perdón for mis errors. Esto a principiante. Leí el sitio web "elpair.com," cuándo vi este titular "El exilio armenio clama contra Obama al recordar el genocidio". Pienso que él significa ...
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Spanish phrasal verbs

Español La característica más difícil del idioma inglés (al menos en mi caso particular) son los "Phrasal verbs". Hoy me encontré una oración en un periódico que me hizo pensar sobre la existencia ...
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A la mañana / De la mañana / En la mañana / Por la mañana

Objective Clarification on the differences among A la mañana / De la mañana / En la mañana / Por la mañana. This is more of a memo of what I learned but also I appreciate for suggestions and ...
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113 views

Consciente de que / consciente que

En las siguientes dos oraciones, ¿cuál es correcta? Soy consciente que la deuda es muy grande para mí. Soy consciente de que la deuda es muy grande para mí. Pongo en negrilla las palabras con las ...
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149 views

The translation of 'at' in Spanish

The Spanish translation of He appears at night. are given below. Is it correct both to say Él aparece en la noche. and/or Él aparece a la noche. en and a, what is the difference ...
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1answer
222 views

Which of these expressions is correct? “Debe ser” vs “Debe de ser” [duplicate]

I have always had this doubt. Which of these expressions is properly used and when to use each of them? Debe haber sido un accidente Debe de haber sido un accidente (is this a mistake?)
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«Por la mañana» frente a «en la mañana»

Mientras voy calificando algunos escritos de mis alumnos, he notado que a pesar de lo que les digo en clase, escriben cosas como «Me ducho en la mañana» o «salgo en la noche», frases en las cuales ...
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Are there any differences between “de nada” and “por nada”?

Most of the time in all the Spanish speaking countries I've been in I've heard de nada as the reply to gracias or the equivalent of English you're welcome etc. But after a while I became conscious ...
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3answers
114 views

How to translate 'al' in “un delito de desobediencia al no acatar la orden”

Objective Clarify the grammar and the translation of 'al' in the sentence below. It is from RTVE article "El TSJ catalán ve indicios de desobediencia en Artur Mas por no acatar la suspensión del 9N" ...
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4answers
530 views

“Por” vs. “para” in time expressions (duration)

Consider this sentence: My cousin lent me his camera for two days. Which of the following constructs would be more natural and why: 1. Mi primo me prestó su cámara por dos días. 2. Mi ...
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1answer
132 views

Usage of “hasta” in time phrases

How does hasta translate in the following sentence? Acá viví hasta los veinte años. Which of the following would be the appropriate way to read it? 1. I lived here for 20 years. 2. I ...
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439 views

“Pedir para” or “pedir por”

Which one is the correct word to use in this situation, por or para? pedir por direcciones pedir para direcciones
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2answers
43 views

“Como si fuera representar” o “como si fuera para representar”?

I'm trying to say "the story starts suddenly as if to represent an intentional eclipse..." Would it be: "El cuento empieza de repente como si fuera para representar" or "El cuento empieza de ...
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Unclear why to use “A vuestros hijos” instead of “vuestros hijos”

I have the following sentence in English Do your children like to read? Which translates to Spanish: ¿ A vuestros hijos les gusta leer? To me it is unclear, why I have to use "A vuestros" ...
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68 views

“para” vs “de” vs “a”

I'm trying to say the following in Spanish: "Apart from the bus and its inability to function..." I have the following options and I'm not sure which is correct: Aparte de la guagua y su ...
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1answer
102 views

¿Es correcto utilizar “adjuntar en” y “adjunto en”?

En Internet podemos encontrar ejemplos de uso de adjuntar (y adjunto) tanto con a como con en: Documentación a adjuntar en la presentación de los modelos censales La entrada de adjuntar en el ...
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482 views

Verbos con sus respectivas preposiciones

Cada vez que busco en un diccionario inglés-español un verbo (en inglés), el diccionario muestra generalmente la preposición que acompaña a ese verbo, a veces suelen ser dos o más preposiciones. Es ...
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165 views

«Porque» después de «inclinarse por»

Según este enlace, la conjunción que debe ir separada de por cuando el verbo exija esa preposición. Como ejemplo pongo el verbo inclinarse por: Me inclino por que estés aquí. Se inclinaba por ...
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82 views

Usage of “desde” and “de”

When are desde and de used? Desde and de both mean "from", but in what context are they used? Estoy corriendo desde la puerta al cuarto de mi nieto Paulo. De Barcelona le escribe una carta a su ...
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1answer
94 views

Indignado con/por/de

¿Cuáles de la siguientes oraciones son correctas? Todas tienen que ver con la palabra que sigue a indignado. ¿Cuáles son las permitidas? Estoy indignado con que haya cenizas ahí. Estoy indignado ...
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106 views

“Sloppiness” by a native Spanish speaker?

I got this in an email from a native Spanish speaker: "Como tenedor mayoritario creo debes proponer tu sobre como disponer de esto." A "literal" English translation would be the (ungrammatical) ...
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175 views

What's the position of the tongue when speaking 'l' at the end of a word?

I want to know where I should put my tongue at last when speak words like 'fidel', 'mundial','al'' international'. the position of tip of my tongue should be on the upper teeth, or gum ridge or ...
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136 views

Why does Spanish use the preposition “a” for culinary styles?

I've looked in the Real Academia Española dictionary and I can't find any information regarding why Spanish uses the preposition a for cooking styles, and I've noticed French and Italian do it too. I ...
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282 views

Por y Para for Recipients

I've heard por and para both being used to indicate recipients: Mi amor es por ti Este regalo es para ti In what situations regarding recipients are por and para usually used?
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Más de lo normal / Más que lo normal

¿Debería usar "que" o "de" en los siguientes contextos? Estos días estoy más cansado de/que lo normal. Últimamente, he trabajado más de/que lo normal. Pienso que debería ser "que" porque es ...
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244 views

When to use 'a' and when to use 'para'?

Es correcto decir 'Voy a Chicago' y 'Voy para Chicago' (I'm going to Chicago)? If so , how and when 'a' and 'para' are different?
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Choosing between 'sobre' and 'acerca de'

Is there a significant difference between "sobre" and "acerca de", when the intent is to describe the topic of something? Where is "acerca de" a better choice than "sobre", and vice-versa?
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Information or resources on the correct use of “a”/prepositions with infinitive verbs

When constructing sentences I am not certain whether or not to use "a" prior to an infinitive. Considering the infinitive itself means - to ____ : To my understanding "Voy a leer" - I go to ...
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Cerca vs. acerca vs. cercano

What is the exact difference between these words? If I were to translate, for instance, “I am near the bank”, which one of the following would be the best way to go and why: Estoy cerca del banco. ...
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206 views

How to translate “about”?

I have come across two translations: acerca de and sobre. Which one is the most accurate translation for a construct such as “This book is about a cat” or “They are talking about you”? If they both ...
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215 views

¿“Darse de alta a xxxx” o “Darse de alta en xxxxx”?

Cual es la forma correcta para decir las frases "darse de alta en Facebook", o "darse de alta al grupo de discusión". ¿Hay alguna regla de uso?
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What is the history of the “personal a”?

What is the historical origin of the "personal a" in Spanish? Examples of the personal a: George sees Mary. -> Jorge ve a María. I see the waitress. -> Veo a la mesera. But with the exact ...
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“a” personal en “Yo les presento a mi novio a mis padres”?

Estaba viendo la pregunta sobre el "a" personal y empecé a estudiar un poco el asunto. Me quedé con la duda, que pasa con la "a" personal en caso de que se agregue a un objeto indirecto. Pensé en ...
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1answer
165 views

How is the placement of this prepositional phrase grammatical?

I'm re-reading La Vida Inútil de Pito Pérez, this time making extra effort to understand the all the words and grammar, and I'm stumped in the second paragraph already, which is describing his ...
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286 views

nuevos zapatos por/para España?

I am learning Spanish and want to post a picture of my new running shoes that I will be using in the Madrid marathon. Which is correct? nuevos zapatos por España or nuevos zapatos para ...
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489 views

Can I say “contestar las preguntas” instead of “contestar a las preguntas”?

In my spanish text book there is a sentence: ¿Tenéis que contestar a las preguntas de la profesora? Since "contestar" can be followed directly by objects, why should we use a preposition "a" before ...
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1answer
167 views

Differences between “razón de,” “razón por la que,” and “razón para”

I think I've heard three ways of translating "the reason [something happened]" or "the reason [for something]": la razón para la razón de la razón por la que What is the difference between these ...
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533 views

What's the difference between “estar ansioso de” and “estar ansioso por”?

I know that both 'estar ansioso de' and 'estar ansioso por' mean to be excited for something or looking forward to it, but how do I decide which one to use? Do the two have slightly different ...
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119 views

'Se me van encoger' o 'se me van a encoger'

Me gustaría saber si alguien sabe cuál es la forma correcta de expresar algo que se encogerá: 'Se me van encoger' o 'Se me van a encoger'
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Why do oler and saber take the preposition “a”?

As an English speaker learning Spanish, I was always a little confused that it smells and tastes "to" something rather than "of" something: Huele a humo. Sabe a ajo. I would think of "a" as ...
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“pensando en ti” vs. “pensando de ti” vs. “pensándote”

When using the verb pensar to describe thinking about a person, there are at least three options: Estoy pensando en ti. Estoy pensando de ti. Estoy pensándote. What are the differences between ...
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275 views

Two nouns in a row, or, is it OK to omit “de”?

Two or more nouns are sometimes used consecutively, with the second modifying the first. For instance, I recently received a mail whose subject was "Honorarios migración." This is, I suppose, ...
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316 views

Preposiciones para dirección

Me encontré escribiendo esta frase: Ella comenzó a correr hacia la dirección en la que él había apuntado. Sin embargo, siento que las preposiciones son correctas de forma independiente, y no ...