Function words such as a, de, en, por, para, sin, or sobre

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Consciente de que / consciente que

En las siguientes dos oraciones, ¿cuál es correcta? Soy consciente que la deuda es muy grande para mí. Soy consciente de que la deuda es muy grande para mí. Pongo en negrilla las palabras con las ...
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2answers
103 views

The translation of 'at' in Spanish

The Spanish translation of He appears at night. are given below. Is it correct both to say Él aparece en la noche. and/or Él aparece a la noche. en and a, what is the difference ...
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2answers
107 views

Which of these expressions is correct? “Debe ser” vs “Debe de ser” [duplicate]

I have always had this doubt. Which of these expressions is properly used and when to use each of them? Debe haber sido un accidente Debe de haber sido un accidente (is this a mistake?)
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3answers
102 views

How to translate 'al' in “un delito de desobediencia al no acatar la orden”

Objective Clarify the grammar and the translation of 'al' in the sentence below. It is from RTVE article "El TSJ catalán ve indicios de desobediencia en Artur Mas por no acatar la suspensión del 9N" ...
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1answer
96 views

Usage of “hasta” in time phrases

How does hasta translate in the following sentence? Acá viví hasta los veinte años. Which of the following would be the appropriate way to read it? 1. I lived here for 20 years. 2. I ...
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4answers
259 views

“Por” vs. “para” in time expressions (duration)

Consider this sentence: My cousin lent me his camera for two days. Which of the following constructs would be more natural and why: 1. Mi primo me prestó su cámara por dos días. 2. Mi ...
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2answers
35 views

“Como si fuera representar” o “como si fuera para representar”?

I'm trying to say "the story starts suddenly as if to represent an intentional eclipse..." Would it be: "El cuento empieza de repente como si fuera para representar" or "El cuento empieza de ...
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2answers
56 views

“para” vs “de” vs “a”

I'm trying to say the following in Spanish: "Apart from the bus and its inability to function..." I have the following options and I'm not sure which is correct: Aparte de la guagua y su ...
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4answers
94 views

«Por la mañana» frente a «en la mañana»

Mientras voy calificando algunos escritos de mis alumnos, he notado que a pesar de lo que les digo en clase, escriben cosas como «Me ducho en la mañana» o «salgo en la noche», frases en las cuales ...
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1answer
36 views

¿Es correcto utilizar “adjuntar en” y “adjunto en”?

En Internet podemos encontrar ejemplos de uso de adjuntar (y adjunto) tanto con a como con en: Documentación a adjuntar en la presentación de los modelos censales La entrada de adjuntar en el ...
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2answers
78 views

«Porque» después de «inclinarse por»

Según este enlace, la conjunción que debe ir separada de por cuando el verbo exija esa preposición. Como ejemplo pongo el verbo inclinarse por: Me inclino por que estés aquí. Se inclinaba por ...
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2answers
282 views

Verbos con sus respectivas preposiciones

Cada vez que busco en un diccionario inglés-español un verbo (en inglés), el diccionario muestra generalmente la preposición que acompaña a ese verbo, a veces suelen ser dos o más preposiciones. Es ...
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1answer
82 views

Indignado con/por/de

¿Cuáles de la siguientes oraciones son correctas? Todas tienen que ver con la palabra que sigue a indignado. ¿Cuáles son las permitidas? Estoy indignado con que haya cenizas ahí. Estoy indignado ...
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2answers
102 views

“Sloppiness” by a native Spanish speaker?

I got this in an email from a native Spanish speaker: "Como tenedor mayoritario creo debes proponer tu sobre como disponer de esto." A "literal" English translation would be the (ungrammatical) ...
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1answer
118 views

What's the position of the tongue when speaking 'l' at the end of a word?

I want to know where I should put my tongue at last when speak words like 'fidel', 'mundial','al'' international'. the position of tip of my tongue should be on the upper teeth, or gum ridge or ...
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5answers
175 views

Should I eat my apple? Usage of the preposition “en”

English: I have seen the Spanish preposition en used in various ways in my studies. For example: Ella pone la ropa en la cama. (She puts the clothes on the bed) or Tengo gozo en mi corazon. (I ...
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4answers
117 views

Why does Spanish use the preposition “a” for culinary styles?

I've looked in the Real Academia Española dictionary and I can't find any information regarding why Spanish uses the preposition a for cooking styles, and I've noticed French and Italian do it too. I ...
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220 views

Por y Para for Recipients

I've heard por and para both being used to indicate recipients: Mi amor es por ti Este regalo es para ti In what situations regarding recipients are por and para usually used?
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250 views

“Pedir para” or “pedir por”

Which one is the correct word to use in this situation, por or para? pedir por direcciones pedir para direcciones
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2answers
462 views

Más de lo normal / Más que lo normal

¿Debería usar "que" o "de" en los siguientes contextos? Estos días estoy más cansado de/que lo normal. Últimamente, he trabajado más de/que lo normal. Pienso que debería ser "que" porque es ...
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When to use 'a' and when to use 'para'?

Es correcto decir 'Voy a Chicago' y 'Voy para Chicago' (I'm going to Chicago)? If so , how and when 'a' and 'para' are different?
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Usage of “desde” and “de”

When are desde and de used? Desde and de both mean "from", but in what context are they used? Estoy corriendo desde la puerta al cuarto de mi nieto Paulo. De Barcelona le escribe una carta a su ...
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2answers
158 views

Information or resources on the correct use of “a”/prepositions with infinitive verbs

When constructing sentences I am not certain whether or not to use "a" prior to an infinitive. Considering the infinitive itself means - to ____ : To my understanding "Voy a leer" - I go to ...
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Cerca vs. acerca vs. cercano

What is the exact difference between these words? If I were to translate, for instance, “I am near the bank”, which one of the following would be the best way to go and why: Estoy cerca del banco. ...
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156 views

How to translate “about”?

I have come across two translations: acerca de and sobre. Which one is the most accurate translation for a construct such as “This book is about a cat” or “They are talking about you”? If they both ...
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2answers
172 views

¿“Darse de alta a xxxx” o “Darse de alta en xxxxx”?

Cual es la forma correcta para decir las frases "darse de alta en Facebook", o "darse de alta al grupo de discusión". ¿Hay alguna regla de uso?
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“a” personal en “Yo les presento a mi novio a mis padres”?

Estaba viendo la pregunta sobre el "a" personal y empecé a estudiar un poco el asunto. Me quedé con la duda, que pasa con la "a" personal en caso de que se agregue a un objeto indirecto. Pensé en ...
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1answer
158 views

How is the placement of this prepositional phrase grammatical?

I'm re-reading La Vida Inútil de Pito Pérez, this time making extra effort to understand the all the words and grammar, and I'm stumped in the second paragraph already, which is describing his ...
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2answers
396 views

What is the history of the “personal a”?

What is the historical origin of the "personal a" in Spanish? Examples of the personal a: George sees Mary. -> Jorge ve a María. I see the waitress. -> Veo a la mesera. But with the exact ...
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4answers
254 views

nuevos zapatos por/para España?

I am learning Spanish and want to post a picture of my new running shoes that I will be using in the Madrid marathon. Which is correct? nuevos zapatos por España or nuevos zapatos para ...
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1answer
442 views

Can I say “contestar las preguntas” instead of “contestar a las preguntas”?

In my spanish text book there is a sentence: ¿Tenéis que contestar a las preguntas de la profesora? Since "contestar" can be followed directly by objects, why should we use a preposition "a" before ...
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1answer
149 views

Differences between “razón de,” “razón por la que,” and “razón para”

I think I've heard three ways of translating "the reason [something happened]" or "the reason [for something]": la razón para la razón de la razón por la que What is the difference between these ...
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3answers
116 views

'Se me van encoger' o 'se me van a encoger'

Me gustaría saber si alguien sabe cuál es la forma correcta de expresar algo que se encogerá: 'Se me van encoger' o 'Se me van a encoger'
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Why do oler and saber take the preposition “a”?

As an English speaker learning Spanish, I was always a little confused that it smells and tastes "to" something rather than "of" something: Huele a humo. Sabe a ajo. I would think of "a" as ...
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288 views

Preposiciones para dirección

Me encontré escribiendo esta frase: Ella comenzó a correr hacia la dirección en la que él había apuntado. Sin embargo, siento que las preposiciones son correctas de forma independiente, y no ...
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109 views

Why “fiestas de árboles” and not “árboles de fiestas”?

I encountered the expression "fiestas de árboles" in a song by a Chilean singer whose lyrics are: Tus ojos son fiestas de árboles, son mi ventana. Son estrellas que guían mi caravana. Google ...
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Should I include “a” after “conocemos”?

Which would be correct? Nosotros conocemos a los padres de nuestros amigos. Nosotros conocemos los padres de nuestros amigos.
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262 views

Two nouns in a row, or, is it OK to omit “de”?

Two or more nouns are sometimes used consecutively, with the second modifying the first. For instance, I recently received a mail whose subject was "Honorarios migración." This is, I suppose, ...
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What's the difference between “estar ansioso de” and “estar ansioso por”?

I know that both 'estar ansioso de' and 'estar ansioso por' mean to be excited for something or looking forward to it, but how do I decide which one to use? Do the two have slightly different ...
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How to say instead (when at the end of a sentence)

I know how to say, Do Y instead of X using 'en vez de' or en 'lugar de' But how should I say something like Learn Spanish instead. Can I end a sentence with 'instead' or must I always ...
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1answer
5k views

When to add prepositions before an infinitive verb (por/para/a/de)?

With the infinitive form of a verb in English, (e.g. to speak), the word 'to' seems to convey a specific meaning where, in Spanish, an additional preposition is used in some cases. Examples: I ...
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2answers
134 views

Why is “por” prefered to “para” in the example within?

From Shakira's Suerte: Yo puedo escalar los Andes solo Por ir a contar tus lunares Why is por preferable to para in this case. If one translation of para is roughly "for the purpose of", ...
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1answer
114 views

Difference between some verbs and pronomial forms of the verb with the same translation

SpanishDict translates some verbs and their pronomial forms (+de, +a, etc.) as the same thing. Off the top of my head: Escapar - to escape Escaparse de - to escape Olvidar - to forget ...
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“pensando en ti” vs. “pensando de ti” vs. “pensándote”

When using the verb pensar to describe thinking about a person, there are at least three options: Estoy pensando en ti. Estoy pensando de ti. Estoy pensándote. What are the differences between ...
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Choosing between 'sobre' and 'acerca de'

Is there a significant difference between "sobre" and "acerca de", when the intent is to describe the topic of something? Where is "acerca de" a better choice than "sobre", and vice-versa?
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1answer
374 views

Cannot use adverbs + possessives: “delante de ti” v/s “delante tuyo”

In Spanish there are some adverbs followed by de: Delante de, atrás de, en frente de, etc... When these adverbs are followed in a sentence by a declined pronoun, they are often "contracted" ...
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2answers
980 views

Difference between 'trabajar para' and 'trabajar por'

I know the difference between por and para, but I'm confused by these particular usages. I've seen both of them in various places. 'Trabajar para' seems to mean to work for, whereas 'trabajar por' ...
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12k views

Are there any differences between “de nada” and “por nada”?

Most of the time in all the Spanish speaking countries I've been in I've heard de nada as the reply to gracias or the equivalent of English you're welcome etc. But after a while I became conscious ...
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700 views

What's the difference between “debe de” y “debe”?

Is there any difference? What's their usage? When should one be used instead of the other one? Examples: El niño debe de hacer su tarea. El niño debe hacer su tarea.
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Spanish phrasal verbs

The most difficult feature of English language (at least for myself) are "Phrasal verbs". Today I stumbled upon one sentence from a newspaper that made think about Phrasal verbs in Spanish. If we ...