Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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3
votes
1answer
401 views

¿Es correcto decir “El (infinitivo del verbo) …”?

Encontre el siguiente artículo y la siguiente frase dicha por un pólitico de aquí de Monterrey: “El eliminar al 100 por ciento la tenencia nos va a afectar en todas estas áreas de inversión; yo ...
4
votes
3answers
477 views

Is it important to place question and exclamation marks at the start of sentence?

I'm very much new to Spanish. I'm seeing exclamation and question marks are being placed on both the places, at the start and at the end of the sentence (the one at the start is upside down to the ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

¿Cuál es el diminutivo de mano, foto, moto, etc.?

Para las palabras que son femeninas pero terminan en o, ¿cuál es la forma diminutiva? O sea, ¿es el diminutivo de foto fotito o fotita? Y para mano, ¿es manito o manita? En el caso de mano, creo que ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Duda con la frase “ir a [lugar]”

Hoy, platicando con amigos, me topé con una duda existencial acerca de la frase: Ir a [lugar] Por ejemplo: Voy a ir a esa casa. Ella va a ir a Europa. Pero por ejemplo, imaginen este ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

“no” + verb + “nada”

Español ¿Por qué "say nothing" en inglés se traduce como "no habla nada" en español? ¿Por qué hay una extra "no"? Otro ejemplo: "I know nothing" en inglés se traduce "Yo no sé nada" en español. ...
5
votes
2answers
182 views

Gramática: “tengo miedo que” y “tengo miedo y creer que”

Se dice que: tengo miedo de que + verbo subjuntivo e.g. Pero tuve miedo que no pudiera o pudiese dormir bien... tengo miedo y pensar/creer que + verbo conditional e.g. Pero tuve miedo y ...
2
votes
2answers
445 views

Reflexivo: Se dativo

Could you please explain the below: Se dativo o intensificador del verbo. Con el mismo valor: me, te, nos, os. A veces, el pronombre reflexivo sirve únicamente para intensificar el significado ...
4
votes
5answers
226 views

Gramatica: te veo los ojos

I have few questions: In the example "Te veo los ojos", in English that is "I see your eyes". te=your, right? If I change the sentence to "Se veo los ojos", then it will become "I see ...
6
votes
2answers
281 views

Gramática: no te hagas el bobo

No te hagas el bobo = Don't act like a fool No te me hagas el bobo = Don't act like a fool (but it has a different emphasis that is impossible to explain) Could anyone please explain the ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Gramática: reflexivo

Dice que El reflexivo tiene un valor factitivo: No es el que hace directamente la acción, sino quien la ordena hacer. · Nos hicimos una casa en el pueblo. · Ayer me corté el pelo. I do not ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Gramática : Que

En la siguiente frase: Déjame que te lo cuente. ¿Podría quitar el "que"? ¿Por qué?
4
votes
3answers
229 views

Practicamos hablando

Hicimos muy pocos ejercicios y casi nunca practicamos hablando en español. Hicimos muy pocos ejercicios y casi nunca practicamos hablar en español. Dice que "practicamos hablando" no está ...
5
votes
2answers
216 views

¿Donde se crió? o ¿Donde crió?

I was listening to a conversation and heard the question, '¿Donde se crió?', and the reflexive caught me by surprise. Checking my dictionary didn't help much. Although 'criar' and 'criarse' are both ...
5
votes
2answers
892 views

¿Es correcto decir “salir afuera”?

Asumiendo que se está en un edificio con muchas oficinas, ¿es correcto decir "salí afuera de la oficina"? Porque si se dice "salí de la oficina" no se sabe si la persona esta dentro del edificio pero ...
3
votes
4answers
156 views

Repartiera meaning (or what is subjunctive preterite imperfect?)

I'm to the point in my Spanish study that I'm reading books. I often come across words that I might know (such as repartir - to distribute) but the specific form is confusing. I'm hopeful that ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Sentences structure: garantizarse

Please advise which one of the following is correct for the English speaking "No one is guaranteed to have a tomorrow"? If all correct, which one is the best saying? Nadie se garantiza tener un ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

word usage: “inquietarse” and “inquieta”

Which of the following sentences is/are correct which refers to English speaking of "Are you still worried about the future"? ¿Todavía te inquietas por el futuro? ¿Todavía inquietas por el ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Propogation of the subjunctive through clauses

Given the English sentence Call us when you leave so that we know that you're on your way. I understand that it would be translated as such: Llámanos cuando salgas para que sepamos que ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the rule for cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera?

I remember learning the rule for when to use cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera, but was always confused about the exact differences. When should each be used, and what role do number, gender, ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

¿Es correcto “siempre quieren y terminan sometiendo”?

Encuentro en una novela que estoy leyendo el siguiente texto: De entre todas las manías, sin duda la más habitual es hacer el amor por las mañanas. A esa hora los hombres siempre quieren y ...
0
votes
2answers
428 views

¿Me pueden ayudar a deconstruir las siguientes oraciones? Can you help me deconstruct these sentences? [closed]

Un artículo publicado en The Four Hour Work Week blog by Tim Ferriss llamado How to Learn (But Not Master) any Language in 1 Hour sugiere que la deconstrucción de un idioma es una de las cosas más ...
1
vote
2answers
375 views

¿Doble complemento directo?

¿Cuál es la resolución o las resoluciones al análisis de la siguiente oración? Consideramos a Pedro un buen maestro. Claramente no hay Complemento u Objeto Indirecto porque los dos aceptan ...
4
votes
3answers
844 views

¿Cuál es el análisis gramatical de “Hay pan”?

¿Cuál es el análisis gramatical de la siguiente oración? ¿Qué tipo de oración es? Es decir, ¿qué funcion gramatical cumplen cada una de las siguientes palabras?: Hay pan. Estoy buscando la ...
9
votes
2answers
554 views

Acordar or recordar? What's the correct use? ¿Cuál es el uso correcto?

Español Comunmente escucho gente decir "¿oye, te acuerdas de esa película?", así como también escucho "¿oye, recuerdas esa película?." Siempre he creído que la acción de un recuerdo viene del verbo ...
4
votes
5answers
912 views

When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
8
votes
2answers
143 views

Usar puntuación extra para expresar incredulidad

En inglés a veces, se usa puntuación extra para indicar confusión o ira en una frase, como en: He said what?? Are you serious?! etc. Porque se pone ciertos tipos de puntuación al principio y ...
8
votes
5answers
519 views

Forming a conditional clause in present and present tense

I just learend the conditional and past subjunctive. Here is an example: If I had a million dollars, I would buy a big house. Si tuviera un millón dolares, compraría una casa grande. So I'm ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

“You look good” versus “You smell good”

It is my understanding that "you look good" translates as, "te ves bien" and that you see well (as in, your vision is good) can be said as "tu ves bien." However, saying you smell good and your ...
6
votes
4answers
272 views

What is the role of the “le” in the sentence “Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo.”?

The sentence "Miguel le dio a su novia un anillo." translates into Miguel gave a ring to his girlfriend. I would think that there would be no need for the "le", since the direct object (his ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Can someone help deconstruct the sentence “Hicieron usted su tarea para hoy?”

A possible translation of the sentence "Hicieron usted su tarea para hoy?" could be: Did you do your homework (for) today? That said, hicieron is the preterit of hacer for third person plural, ...
8
votes
2answers
166 views

Rules of style for Spanish

I know that there are several sources in English to check for commonly-accepted rules of style. This is, regarding how punctuation should look in non-common cases (eg., if the period should be used or ...
11
votes
3answers
497 views

Quizás or quizá, which one is preferred?

RAE redirects the definition of quizás to quizá but I wonder if there's any implicit, secret rule that I am not aware of as to whether quizás is preferred over quizá. I've seen both forms used ...
5
votes
2answers
117 views

In what cases are “de” and “para” interchangeable?

For example in these cases "de" and "para" seem to be interchangeable: muebles de oficina / muebles para oficina juguetes de niños / juguetes para niños Are there any other cases where ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

What's the function of “lo” in “lo que”?

Examples: Lo que pasa es que el niño no fue a la escuela porque se fracturo el tobillo. Lo que quiere es una computadora para hacer sus tareas. Lo que dice es mentira. Lo que no ...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

Why “fiestas de árboles” and not “árboles de fiestas”?

I encountered the expression "fiestas de árboles" in a song by a Chilean singer whose lyrics are: Tus ojos son fiestas de árboles, son mi ventana. Son estrellas que guían mi caravana. Google ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Grammar of tengo and tienes

I am having trouble understanding how to use tienes/tengo and other related "have" words. For example, in my current lesson in Rosetta Stone, the following examples are used: Tengo anteojos de ...
2
votes
3answers
218 views

Continuing education after high school [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Spanish After Mango Languages Recently, I've been interested in learning a language. I took three years of Spanish in high school, and while I did better than the ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

“Te elegimos a ti en concreto”. Isn't it pleonasm? When is it allowed?

I'm reading a book and there's this phrase: Te elegimos a ti en concreto I wonder in what situations should the objective pronoum be repeated this way. Or it's allowed to be repeated.
5
votes
3answers
5k views

When should I use 'al'?

I am trying to tell the difference between 'al' and 'a' to refer to a place. I know that you usually use a to refer to a country. But when should you use al? I am trying to teach someone the ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

What is the rule for forming fractional numbers?

What is the rule for forming fractional numbers (half, quarter, tenth, twenty-second, etc.) in Spanish? The small numbers are easy to find in a dictionary (tercio, octavo, etc.), but how would you ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

lo ayudo vs. le ayudo (direct vs. indirect object)

When describing someone helping someone else, does ayudar take a direct or indirect object pronoun? In other words, is it: ¿Lo puedo ayudar? or ¿La puedo ayudar? or ¿Le puedo ayudar? If ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

“después que” vs. “después de que”

Along the lines of another question I asked, what is the difference between después que and después de que? Is the situation the same as for antes? When are they synonymous, and when is one correct ...
3
votes
1answer
683 views

“antes que” vs. “antes de que”

What is the difference between the phrases antes que and antes de que? When should each be used? Are there contexts where one is correct and one is incorrect, or are they completely synonymous?
6
votes
1answer
7k views

When should the subjunctive be used after “mientras”?

When should mientras or mientras que be followed by the subjunctive and when by the indicative? In both cases, how is mientras usually translated?
4
votes
1answer
163 views

What is the origin of word endings like -ducir, -vocar, -locar, -ludir, -mitir?

The word-endings -ducir, -locar, -vocar, -ludir, -mitir are quite common, each can take a lot of common prefixes to form real words, for example: conducir, producir, introducir, aducir, inducir, ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Why is “buena” in different places depending on its use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Significance of adjective placement In these phrases below, why is the word "buena" in different places? Are there good things? => ¿Hay cosas buenas? Are there ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Using “qué” or “quién” when talking about people

Imagine for a moment you know who stole your car (some thiefs for example): Sabemos qué personas lo hicieron. The above sentence is the same as saying: Sabemos quiénes lo hicieron. (Persons ...
2
votes
1answer
872 views

Speakers' location in determining venir vs. ir

In English, we use the word "come" very loosely (at least in day-to-day spoken English): Want to come over to my place later? Can I come over to your house for New Years'? Can you come meet me at ...
3
votes
2answers
533 views

What exactly are the “passive se” and “impersonal se”?

Many materials for learning Spanish, discuss the "impersonal se" (e.g. ¿Se puede tocar esto?) and "passive se" (e.g. Se habla español.). What exactly are these forms grammatically? Is the se in both ...