Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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2
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2answers
130 views

Can I remove the first “que” in “un juego que hay que jugar”?

I saw these sentences on a pamphlet recently: La vida no es un deporte para expectadores. Es un juego que hay que jugar. This is how I'd translate the sentence into English: Life is not a ...
2
votes
3answers
223 views

Differences in usage between “dejar” and “permitir”?

My understanding is that dejar means "to let" and permitir means "to permit." Either of them can carry the meaning of "to allow," which is to say that they can be used interchangeably as follows: ...
2
votes
3answers
200 views

Continuing education after high school [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Spanish After Mango Languages Recently, I've been interested in learning a language. I took three years of Spanish in high school, and while I did better than the ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Using “qué” or “quién” when talking about people

Imagine for a moment you know who stole your car (some thiefs for example): Sabemos qué personas lo hicieron. The above sentence is the same as saying: Sabemos quiénes lo hicieron. (Persons ...
2
votes
3answers
228 views

Pluralization of “todo”

Should “todo tipo” be pluralized when translating the phrase, “all types of”? Consider this sentence: I grow all types/kinds of vegetables. Which of the below would be the correct translation and ...
2
votes
4answers
189 views

The difference between empezar and comenzar

What is the difference between empezar and comenzar? Is one more formal than the other?
2
votes
1answer
59 views

When to use “a”

"Last week I saw my husband's aunt" translated to "La semana pasada vi a la tia de mi esposo". I always miss the little "a" when I see a sentence like this. Could someone help me summarize when it is ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Subjunctive with “asegurar”

Should the subjunctive be used after the verb "asegurar que"? The sentence I am trying to write is "La policía no se aseguraron que el niño tuviera un arma autentico o que él fuera una amenaza." ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Placement of “algunas veces” in between pluperfect verbs

No sé si es buena composición usar una expresión como algunas veces en una frase pluscuamperfecto entre haber y el verbo. Por ejemplo, ¿es la frase habían alguna vez leído corecta? I am not sure ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

What does “Le tengo” mean in “Le tengo miedo al fracaso”?

The sentence means "I am afraid of failure". Why do we use Le tengo instead of Yo tengo or Tengo? Moreover, why are we using al instead of de for of?
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Why is “buena” in different places depending on its use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Significance of adjective placement In these phrases below, why is the word "buena" in different places? Are there good things? => ¿Hay cosas buenas? Are there ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Infinitive instead of past participle in Maná's “El Verdadero Amor Perdona”

In Maná's song "El Verdadero Amor Perdona" one of the verses contains the lines: Cómo pude haberte yo herido / engañarte y ofendido I'd think it should be "Como pude haberte yo herido / engañado ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

How does it form a conditional event which will happen in the future?

Talking about a conditional event which will happen in the future. But here, future form isn't used. Which of the below sentences is grammatically correct? Whenever these bills have been paid, ...
2
votes
2answers
394 views

Reflexivo: Se dativo

Could you please explain the below: Se dativo o intensificador del verbo. Con el mismo valor: me, te, nos, os. A veces, el pronombre reflexivo sirve únicamente para intensificar el significado ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Gramática: reflexivo

Dice que El reflexivo tiene un valor factitivo: No es el que hace directamente la acción, sino quien la ordena hacer. · Nos hicimos una casa en el pueblo. · Ayer me corté el pelo. I do not ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the rule for cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera?

I remember learning the rule for when to use cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera, but was always confused about the exact differences. When should each be used, and what role do number, gender, ...
1
vote
5answers
190 views

“¿De qué color es la camisa?” - What is “De” for?

It looks like this sentence can be formed without the "De" so what is it for?
1
vote
3answers
140 views

Why is trabajar being conjugated here?

Here is the sentence: Este gran libro es el resultado de años de trabajo duro. = This great book is the result of years of hard work. Why is trabajar being conjugated to the yo form? Is the ...
1
vote
4answers
300 views

Ser vs estar in this sentence

The sentence I want to translate is: The wine cellar should be dark and dry. Which of the following would be more appropriate and why? La bodega debe ser oscura y seca. La bodega debe estar oscura ...
1
vote
2answers
151 views

When is “se” used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
1
vote
3answers
131 views

What is the difference between “No puedo comer” and “No puedo como”?

I thought that you were supposed to use the conjugated version of comer when referring to the subject, but I see sentences formed like the first example. So what is the difference between both ...
1
vote
3answers
293 views

“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Turning a certain age in Spanish

I know tener is the verb used when talking about one’s age. So the following translation makes perfect sense: Tengo treinta años. I am 30 years old. But what if I want to translate the following ...
1
vote
4answers
104 views

gustar: “I like the cat” vs “The cat likes me”

I put this in the google translate page: the cat likes me i like the cat I get back the translation: el gato me gusta me gusta el gato which doesn't look right at all, and sure enough it gets ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Por vs para when discussing number of times

Which one would be the preposition of choice when discussing the number of times something happened? Examples: I saw her for the third time. She is visiting me for the first time.
1
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2answers
111 views

Añadiendo “re” antes los verbos

En inglés se usa el prefijo re- antes un verbo para denotar hacer el verbo otra vez más.(assign --> reassign, randomize --> rerandomize). ¿Puede añadir este prefijo antes los verbos? (asignar -> ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

¿Doble complemento directo?

¿Cuál es la resolución o las resoluciones al análisis de la siguiente oración? Consideramos a Pedro un buen maestro. Claramente no hay Complemento u Objeto Indirecto porque los dos aceptan ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

El uso de “haciendo que”

Esta frase fue traducida de inglés y pienso que la frase haciendo más fácil es un caso de anglicismo. ¿Es usada correctamente aquí? Las diferencias en el diseño emparejado tienen menos variabilidad ...
1
vote
1answer
615 views

Speakers' location in determining venir vs. ir

In English, we use the word "come" very loosely (at least in day-to-day spoken English): Want to come over to my place later? Can I come over to your house for New Years'? Can you come meet me at ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

When should one use “para” for the English word “to”?

This is an extension of the question What is the difference between using "de" and "que" for the English word "to"? Consider the sentence "You have one minute to ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

Preterito Perfecto vs. Preterito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Ambiguity with “por”

Let’s consider the following sentence: Esta carta fue escrita por Juan. I know it translates into English as, “This letter was written by Juan.” But won’t it also translate as, “This letter was ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

“I was sick" in Spanish

I know it will take estar and in the present tense it’s easy to just say, “Estoy enfermo.” But how do I say it in the past tense? Which one of the below would be correct? estuve enfermo. estaba ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Article usage in Spanish

Ahorremos agua / Ahorremos el agua Manzanas son frutas / La manzana es una fruta / Manzana es una fruta Which of the above sets would be more appropriate? Spanish articles have always baffled me. To ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

“Que viene” vs “próximo”

I have seen the expression, “next year” translated as both “el año que viene” and “el año próximo.” Are there regional preferences? Which one is more natural and why? Which translation is particularly ...
1
vote
3answers
163 views

Use of “me” in the phrase “me llevo este”

I would like to know what kind of word is "me" in the phrase "me llevo este" (meaning I'll take this one). Is it a reflexive verb? How can you tell? Thanks a lot.
1
vote
7answers
134 views

¿“No existe nadie” o “no existe alguien”?

¿Es correcto decir "No existe nadie"? Por ejemplo: "No existe nadie que haya aprobado el examen". ¿Lo correcto sería "No existe alguien que haya aprobado el examen"?
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Two verbs in a single sentence

We must turn off the faucet and save water. For the above construction, which of the below is more appropriate? Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorrar el agua. Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorramos el ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

¿Por qué “vea” y no “veo”? Subjuntivo - presente

Cuando le vea mañana, le diré que la palabra "harto/a" es también usada en Mejico. Mi pregunta es por que es vea no veo? Suena raro, si el veo se usa en este contexto sin embargo la frase es en ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

How is the placement of this prepositional phrase grammatical?

I'm re-reading La Vida Inútil de Pito Pérez, this time making extra effort to understand the all the words and grammar, and I'm stumped in the second paragraph already, which is describing his ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Sentences structure: garantizarse

Please advise which one of the following is correct for the English speaking "No one is guaranteed to have a tomorrow"? If all correct, which one is the best saying? Nadie se garantiza tener un ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

¿Qué es un variante correcto de frase “Ya algunos días me (doler) la cabeza”?

Primero, pido perdón por mi español. Ya algunos días me duela la cabeza. Ya algunos días me duele la cabeza. ¿Si debemos usar el modo subjuntivo en esta oración? ¿Si la parte ya algunos días nos ...
1
vote
3answers
415 views

To express nothing much (versus not much) can I say “nada mucho”?

I learned "no mucho" for not much, but when I went to Spain, I heard "nada mucho" in conversational Spanish. Specifically in Granada, where many would say "graNADA mucho" to "What's up" questions. I ...
1
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2answers
392 views

me/te/nos hace falta / passive form

So after reading this question I came up with a really bad doubt. In the past I was using quite often "(no) se hace falta" to say for instance, that "it is (not) necessary to", but I've by then been ...
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vote
2answers
120 views

Adjectives that modify more than one noun

Where do you place an adjective (or noun adjunct in the following example) in Spanish if it is understood in the English to modify more than one noun in the sentence? For example: "Members of the ...
0
votes
4answers
218 views
0
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5answers
90 views

Por vs. para vs. a vs. de

How do we translate the below sentence into Spanish? Meat is the only source of income for them. I have the following options: La carne es el único ingreso por ellos. La carne es el único ingreso ...
0
votes
4answers
79 views

Reflexive “dejar”

I came across the below translation while browsing through a Spanish learning website today: Te has dejado el paraguas en el restaurante. You left your umbrella at the restaurant. I am confused ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

How do i say ' i feel pain in my back'

Siento un dolor en mi espalda. Is there any alternatives?