Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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3
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7answers
180 views

¿“No existe nadie” o “no existe alguien”?

¿Es correcto decir "No existe nadie"? Por ejemplo: "No existe nadie que haya aprobado el examen". ¿Lo correcto sería "No existe alguien que haya aprobado el examen"?
3
votes
1answer
169 views

¿Cómo se escribe “x y y” ó “x e y”?, ¿“α o ω” ó “α u ω”?

Escribiendo textos con fórmulas matemáticas a menudo te encuentras con este tipo de problemas con los símbolos matemáticos. Pongo unos cuantos ejemplos: "... donde x e y son variables reales ..." ...
3
votes
1answer
478 views

In what era was “que suave” used?

I talked to someone from México and when I was talking to him about my trip he said in reply " que suave" . I asked my mexican friends what it meant and they said it's like "cool" but they didn't ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

“a” personal en “Yo les presento a mi novio a mis padres”?

Estaba viendo la pregunta sobre el "a" personal y empecé a estudiar un poco el asunto. Me quedé con la duda, que pasa con la "a" personal en caso de que se agregue a un objeto indirecto. Pensé en ...
3
votes
2answers
248 views

En esta oración compleja ¿cuáles son las oraciones subordinadas y qué función desempeñan?

Oración compleja: ha sido en la última década cuando la importación de vocablos de ese idioma ha crecido, sobre todo entre los jóvenes. Estoy un poco inseguro de cuáles son las oraciones ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Propogation of the subjunctive through clauses

Given the English sentence Call us when you leave so that we know that you're on your way. I understand that it would be translated as such: Llámanos cuando salgas para que sepamos que ...
2
votes
6answers
200 views

“echado” vs “echando”

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish ...
2
votes
5answers
199 views

“Le lee un diario a ella” - Is the person who reads male or female?

The translator says the sentence is this in English: Le lee un diario a ella = He reads her a book. I thought it was "You read her a book" because it's unclear from the wording the gender of ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Are leading periods really a part of written Spanish?

I keep coming across passages like this in the Spanish (original) version of Don Quixote: desfiguraban, dio una gran voz, diciendo: . ¡Jesús! ¿Qué es lo que veo? Y con el sobresalto se le cayó la ...
2
votes
3answers
304 views

Differences in usage between “dejar” and “permitir”?

My understanding is that dejar means "to let" and permitir means "to permit." Either of them can carry the meaning of "to allow," which is to say that they can be used interchangeably as follows: ...
2
votes
3answers
216 views

Continuing education after high school [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Spanish After Mango Languages Recently, I've been interested in learning a language. I took three years of Spanish in high school, and while I did better than the ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Bien vs buen/bueno/buena to describe something good

I have encountered phrases like these: La buena comida. El buen hombre. Buenos días. However in none of these instances is it grammatically correct to substitute bien even though it ...
2
votes
4answers
235 views

Pretérito Perfecto vs. Pretérito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Using “qué” or “quién” when talking about people

Imagine for a moment you know who stole your car (some thiefs for example): Sabemos qué personas lo hicieron. The above sentence is the same as saying: Sabemos quiénes lo hicieron. (Persons ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Turning a certain age in Spanish

I know tener is the verb used when talking about one’s age. So the following translation makes perfect sense: Tengo treinta años. I am 30 years old. But what if I want to translate the following ...
2
votes
4answers
141 views

gustar: “I like the cat” vs “The cat likes me”

I put this in the google translate page: the cat likes me i like the cat I get back the translation: el gato me gusta me gusta el gato which doesn't look right at all, and sure enough it gets ...
2
votes
4answers
684 views

The difference between empezar and comenzar

What is the difference between empezar and comenzar? Is one more formal than the other?
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Por vs para when discussing number of times

Which one would be the preposition of choice when discussing the number of times something happened? Examples: I saw her for the third time. She is visiting me for the first time.
2
votes
1answer
66 views

When to use “a”

"Last week I saw my husband's aunt" translated to "La semana pasada vi a la tia de mi esposo". I always miss the little "a" when I see a sentence like this. Could someone help me summarize when it is ...
2
votes
1answer
868 views

Speakers' location in determining venir vs. ir

In English, we use the word "come" very loosely (at least in day-to-day spoken English): Want to come over to my place later? Can I come over to your house for New Years'? Can you come meet me at ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

Usage of porque, por qué, porqué, y por que

>Trato de ayudarla _ no se deprima. Which form of "because" would you fill in the blank in the sentence to complete it?
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Cual es la diferencia entre “como” y “ya que”

Pensaba que eran lo mismo pero parece que no es así, ya que encontré una alternativa en una comprensión de lectura para DELE C1, que tiene ambas palabras como opciones: Pero este proceso solo ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Placement of “algunas veces” in between pluperfect verbs

No sé si es buena composición usar una expresión como algunas veces en una frase pluscuamperfecto entre haber y el verbo. Por ejemplo, ¿es la frase habían alguna vez leído corecta? I am not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

When and why is a “determiner” necessary for a subject?

This answer mentions that: In Spanish, for a number of reasons ... , a subject must have some sort of determiner attached to it. For cena that could be an article like una or la; a quantifier like ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

diferente vs. otro/otra

I'm a bit confused about the differences in use of diferente and otro/otra. For example, I want to say "I'm a programmer like Javier, but I work for a different company." Would that be Soy un ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Ambiguity with “por”

Let’s consider the following sentence: Esta carta fue escrita por Juan. I know it translates into English as, “This letter was written by Juan.” But won’t it also translate as, “This letter was ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

What does “Le tengo” mean in “Le tengo miedo al fracaso”?

The sentence means "I am afraid of failure". Why do we use Le tengo instead of Yo tengo or Tengo? Moreover, why are we using al instead of de for of?
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Why is “buena” in different places depending on its use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Significance of adjective placement In these phrases below, why is the word "buena" in different places? Are there good things? => ¿Hay cosas buenas? Are there ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Infinitive instead of past participle in Maná's “El Verdadero Amor Perdona”

In Maná's song "El Verdadero Amor Perdona" one of the verses contains the lines: Cómo pude haberte yo herido / engañarte y ofendido I'd think it should be "Como pude haberte yo herido / engañado ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Two verbs in a single sentence

We must turn off the faucet and save water. For the above construction, which of the below is more appropriate? Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorrar el agua. Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorramos el ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

imperative or subjunctive

In my Spanish class I have learnt that only the second person (s & pl) has distinct forms for the imperative, but the forms for all other persons are the same as for the subjunctive. ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

¿Qué es un variante correcto de frase “Ya algunos días me (doler) la cabeza”?

Primero, pido perdón por mi español. Ya algunos días me duela la cabeza. Ya algunos días me duele la cabeza. ¿Si debemos usar el modo subjuntivo en esta oración? ¿Si la parte ya algunos días nos ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How does it form a conditional event which will happen in the future?

Talking about a conditional event which will happen in the future. But here, future form isn't used. Which of the below sentences is grammatically correct? Whenever these bills have been paid, ...
2
votes
2answers
445 views

Reflexivo: Se dativo

Could you please explain the below: Se dativo o intensificador del verbo. Con el mismo valor: me, te, nos, os. A veces, el pronombre reflexivo sirve únicamente para intensificar el significado ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Gramática: reflexivo

Dice que El reflexivo tiene un valor factitivo: No es el que hace directamente la acción, sino quien la ordena hacer. · Nos hicimos una casa en el pueblo. · Ayer me corté el pelo. I do not ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the rule for cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera?

I remember learning the rule for when to use cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera, but was always confused about the exact differences. When should each be used, and what role do number, gender, ...
1
vote
4answers
362 views
1
vote
5answers
285 views

Por vs. para vs. a vs. de

How do we translate the below sentence into Spanish? Meat is the only source of income for them. I have the following options: La carne es el único ingreso por ellos. La carne es el único ingreso ...
1
vote
4answers
280 views

“I was sick" in Spanish

I know it will take estar and in the present tense it’s easy to just say, “Estoy enfermo.” But how do I say it in the past tense? Which one of the below would be correct? estuve enfermo. estaba ...
1
vote
5answers
256 views

“¿De qué color es la camisa?” - What is “De” for?

It looks like this sentence can be formed without the "De" so what is it for?
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vote
4answers
536 views

Ser vs estar in this sentence

The sentence I want to translate is: The wine cellar should be dark and dry. Which of the following would be more appropriate and why? La bodega debe ser oscura y seca. La bodega debe estar oscura ...
1
vote
4answers
123 views

Translation of “can”

I know can is poder in Spanish. But generally it would indicate the ability to do something rather than the permission. You cannot drink. No puedo beber. The above sentence could imply: 1) ...
1
vote
2answers
309 views

When is “se” used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
1
vote
3answers
187 views

What is the difference between “No puedo comer” and “No puedo como”?

I thought that you were supposed to use the conjugated version of comer when referring to the subject, but I see sentences formed like the first example. So what is the difference between both ...
1
vote
3answers
425 views

“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
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vote
2answers
146 views

Ser vs estar in sentences about composition

Could someone please advise which is the verb of choice in sentences that talk about what things are made of or look like? See the following example: My bathroom is covered in tiles. For the above ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

How do you say 'mind you' in Spanish?

Ojo, este cuarto es no lugar para charlar. This room is not a place for talk. Any alternatives for it?
1
vote
2answers
127 views

Añadiendo “re” antes los verbos

En inglés se usa el prefijo re- antes un verbo para denotar hacer el verbo otra vez más.(assign --> reassign, randomize --> rerandomize). ¿Puede añadir este prefijo antes los verbos? (asignar -> ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Translating a legit double negative [duplicate]

Some may think this question is a duplicate of this How does one say "It's not nothing." but I feel the question was not answered fully, or at least I didn't learn very much from the ...