Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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146 views

“a” personal en “Yo les presento a mi novio a mis padres”?

Estaba viendo la pregunta sobre el "a" personal y empecé a estudiar un poco el asunto. Me quedé con la duda, que pasa con la "a" personal en caso de que se agregue a un objeto indirecto. Pensé en ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

En esta oración compleja ¿cuáles son las oraciones subordinadas y qué función desempeñan?

Oración compleja: ha sido en la última década cuando la importación de vocablos de ese idioma ha crecido, sobre todo entre los jóvenes. Estoy un poco inseguro de cuáles son las oraciones ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Propogation of the subjunctive through clauses

Given the English sentence Call us when you leave so that we know that you're on your way. I understand that it would be translated as such: Llámanos cuando salgas para que sepamos que ...
2
votes
5answers
187 views

“Le lee un diario a ella” - Is the person who reads male or female?

The translator says the sentence is this in English: Le lee un diario a ella = He reads her a book. I thought it was "You read her a book" because it's unclear from the wording the gender of ...
2
votes
5answers
155 views

“echado” vs “echando”

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

Are leading periods really a part of written Spanish?

I keep coming across passages like this in the Spanish (original) version of Don Quixote: desfiguraban, dio una gran voz, diciendo: . ¡Jesús! ¿Qué es lo que veo? Y con el sobresalto se le cayó la ...
2
votes
3answers
266 views

Differences in usage between “dejar” and “permitir”?

My understanding is that dejar means "to let" and permitir means "to permit." Either of them can carry the meaning of "to allow," which is to say that they can be used interchangeably as follows: ...
2
votes
3answers
213 views

Continuing education after high school [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Spanish After Mango Languages Recently, I've been interested in learning a language. I took three years of Spanish in high school, and while I did better than the ...
2
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4answers
222 views

Pretérito Perfecto vs. Pretérito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Using “qué” or “quién” when talking about people

Imagine for a moment you know who stole your car (some thiefs for example): Sabemos qué personas lo hicieron. The above sentence is the same as saying: Sabemos quiénes lo hicieron. (Persons ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Turning a certain age in Spanish

I know tener is the verb used when talking about one’s age. So the following translation makes perfect sense: Tengo treinta años. I am 30 years old. But what if I want to translate the following ...
2
votes
4answers
126 views

gustar: “I like the cat” vs “The cat likes me”

I put this in the google translate page: the cat likes me i like the cat I get back the translation: el gato me gusta me gusta el gato which doesn't look right at all, and sure enough it gets ...
2
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4answers
351 views

The difference between empezar and comenzar

What is the difference between empezar and comenzar? Is one more formal than the other?
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Por vs para when discussing number of times

Which one would be the preposition of choice when discussing the number of times something happened? Examples: I saw her for the third time. She is visiting me for the first time.
2
votes
1answer
63 views

When to use “a”

"Last week I saw my husband's aunt" translated to "La semana pasada vi a la tia de mi esposo". I always miss the little "a" when I see a sentence like this. Could someone help me summarize when it is ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Cual es la diferencia entre “como” y “ya que”

Pensaba que eran lo mismo pero parece que no es así, ya que encontré una alternativa en una comprensión de lectura para DELE C1, que tiene ambas palabras como opciones: Pero este proceso solo ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Placement of “algunas veces” in between pluperfect verbs

No sé si es buena composición usar una expresión como algunas veces en una frase pluscuamperfecto entre haber y el verbo. Por ejemplo, ¿es la frase habían alguna vez leído corecta? I am not sure ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

diferente vs. otro/otra

I'm a bit confused about the differences in use of diferente and otro/otra. For example, I want to say "I'm a programmer like Javier, but I work for a different company." Would that be Soy un ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Ambiguity with “por”

Let’s consider the following sentence: Esta carta fue escrita por Juan. I know it translates into English as, “This letter was written by Juan.” But won’t it also translate as, “This letter was ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

What does “Le tengo” mean in “Le tengo miedo al fracaso”?

The sentence means "I am afraid of failure". Why do we use Le tengo instead of Yo tengo or Tengo? Moreover, why are we using al instead of de for of?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why is “buena” in different places depending on its use? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Significance of adjective placement In these phrases below, why is the word "buena" in different places? Are there good things? => ¿Hay cosas buenas? Are there ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Infinitive instead of past participle in Maná's “El Verdadero Amor Perdona”

In Maná's song "El Verdadero Amor Perdona" one of the verses contains the lines: Cómo pude haberte yo herido / engañarte y ofendido I'd think it should be "Como pude haberte yo herido / engañado ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Two verbs in a single sentence

We must turn off the faucet and save water. For the above construction, which of the below is more appropriate? Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorrar el agua. Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorramos el ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

¿Qué es un variante correcto de frase “Ya algunos días me (doler) la cabeza”?

Primero, pido perdón por mi español. Ya algunos días me duela la cabeza. Ya algunos días me duele la cabeza. ¿Si debemos usar el modo subjuntivo en esta oración? ¿Si la parte ya algunos días nos ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How does it form a conditional event which will happen in the future?

Talking about a conditional event which will happen in the future. But here, future form isn't used. Which of the below sentences is grammatically correct? Whenever these bills have been paid, ...
2
votes
2answers
423 views

Reflexivo: Se dativo

Could you please explain the below: Se dativo o intensificador del verbo. Con el mismo valor: me, te, nos, os. A veces, el pronombre reflexivo sirve únicamente para intensificar el significado ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Gramática: reflexivo

Dice que El reflexivo tiene un valor factitivo: No es el que hace directamente la acción, sino quien la ordena hacer. · Nos hicimos una casa en el pueblo. · Ayer me corté el pelo. I do not ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Sentence structure: el que, lo que

I've got three different writings for the meaning of "Only the present moment is what you can control.", could you please advise which one is more appropriate? Solo el presente es lo que se ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the rule for cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera?

I remember learning the rule for when to use cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera, but was always confused about the exact differences. When should each be used, and what role do number, gender, ...
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4answers
324 views
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5answers
169 views

Por vs. para vs. a vs. de

How do we translate the below sentence into Spanish? Meat is the only source of income for them. I have the following options: La carne es el único ingreso por ellos. La carne es el único ingreso ...
1
vote
4answers
238 views

“I was sick" in Spanish

I know it will take estar and in the present tense it’s easy to just say, “Estoy enfermo.” But how do I say it in the past tense? Which one of the below would be correct? estuve enfermo. estaba ...
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5answers
218 views

“¿De qué color es la camisa?” - What is “De” for?

It looks like this sentence can be formed without the "De" so what is it for?
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4answers
118 views

Translation of “can”

I know can is poder in Spanish. But generally it would indicate the ability to do something rather than the permission. You cannot drink. No puedo beber. The above sentence could imply: 1) ...
1
vote
4answers
358 views

Ser vs estar in this sentence

The sentence I want to translate is: The wine cellar should be dark and dry. Which of the following would be more appropriate and why? La bodega debe ser oscura y seca. La bodega debe estar oscura ...
1
vote
2answers
231 views

When is “se” used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
1
vote
3answers
161 views

What is the difference between “No puedo comer” and “No puedo como”?

I thought that you were supposed to use the conjugated version of comer when referring to the subject, but I see sentences formed like the first example. So what is the difference between both ...
1
vote
3answers
336 views

“Leísmo de cortesía” and consistency

I've read about the "leísmo de cortesía" i.e. the use of "le" and "les" as direct object pronouns when referring to a person or group you are addressing formally. Most of my learning resources never ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Ser vs estar in sentences about composition

Could someone please advise which is the verb of choice in sentences that talk about what things are made of or look like? See the following example: My bathroom is covered in tiles. For the above ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

How do you say 'mind you' in Spanish?

Ojo, este cuarto es no lugar para charlar. This room is not a place for talk. Any alternatives for it?
1
vote
2answers
121 views

Añadiendo “re” antes los verbos

En inglés se usa el prefijo re- antes un verbo para denotar hacer el verbo otra vez más.(assign --> reassign, randomize --> rerandomize). ¿Puede añadir este prefijo antes los verbos? (asignar -> ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Translating a legit double negative [duplicate]

Some may think this question is a duplicate of this How does one say "It's not nothing." but I feel the question was not answered fully, or at least I didn't learn very much from the ...
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2answers
97 views

Spanish for “to no end”

Consider the following translation: His laziness disgusts me. Me da asco su flojedad. What if I wanted to add "to no end" to the sentence? His laziness disgusts me to no end.
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2answers
138 views

“TANTO o más importante” vs “TAN o más importante”

Estaba haciendo ejercicios para el examen DELE C1 y había una pregunta de hueco: Pues bien, resulta que contemplar el mundo en tres dimensiones espaciales resulta que es ______ o más importante. ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

El uso de “haciendo que”

Esta frase fue traducida de inglés y pienso que la frase haciendo más fácil es un caso de anglicismo. ¿Es usada correctamente aquí? Las diferencias en el diseño emparejado tienen menos variabilidad ...
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2answers
336 views

¿Doble complemento directo?

¿Cuál es la resolución o las resoluciones al análisis de la siguiente oración? Consideramos a Pedro un buen maestro. Claramente no hay Complemento u Objeto Indirecto porque los dos aceptan ...
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1answer
766 views

Speakers' location in determining venir vs. ir

In English, we use the word "come" very loosely (at least in day-to-day spoken English): Want to come over to my place later? Can I come over to your house for New Years'? Can you come meet me at ...
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2answers
138 views

When should one use “para” for the English word “to”?

This is an extension of the question What is the difference between using "de" and "que" for the English word "to"? Consider the sentence "You have one minute to ...
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2answers
60 views

Article usage in Spanish

Ahorremos agua / Ahorremos el agua Manzanas son frutas / La manzana es una fruta / Manzana es una fruta Which of the above sets would be more appropriate? Spanish articles have always baffled me. To ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

“Que viene” vs “próximo”

I have seen the expression, “next year” translated as both “el año que viene” and “el año próximo.” Are there regional preferences? Which one is more natural and why? Which translation is particularly ...