Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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Verbos con sus respectivas preposiciones

Cada vez que busco en un diccionario inglés-español un verbo (en inglés), el diccionario muestra generalmente la preposición que acompaña a ese verbo, a veces suelen ser dos o más preposiciones. Es ...
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1answer
123 views

Why is there an interrogative pronoun in this sentence which is not a question?

I've seen the use of interrogative pronouns in ordinary statements, not just questions. For example, from the book "Harry Potter y la piedra filosofal": "Los Dursley se estremecían al pensar qué ...
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3answers
191 views

When to use lo and le

When to use lo and le? Someone told me that le is used in Spain and lo is used in Latín America. Is there a rule on when to use them?
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6answers
347 views

“¿De qué color es la camisa?” - What is “De” for?

It looks like this sentence can be formed without the "De" so what is it for?
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1answer
101 views

What does the ending “-ón” signify?

English: Consider the following: rata -> ratón puerta -> portón gata -> gatón Does the -ón ending change anything? Which word should I use and why? Español: Considere lo siguente: ...
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2answers
67 views

Grande vs Gran usage

Los grandes imperios han dominado la humanidad. Why not can't gran replace grandes in the sentence?
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1answer
50 views

After much struggle

The sentence I am trying to translate is: The young man found work after much (a lot of) struggle. Is one of these the most appropriate way (somehow it doesn’t seem so to me, that’s why I ask)? El ...
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3answers
90 views

Usage of porque, por qué, porqué, y por que

>Trato de ayudarla _ no se deprima. Which form of "because" would you fill in the blank in the sentence to complete it?
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2answers
76 views

Estar vs Ser usage with muy bien

Está muy bien Why not say Es muy bien? In what context would you use está muy bien? What noun could you refer estar to? Could you refer estar to a person, place, or thing? Could you say él ...
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1answer
48 views

Use of ser vs estar with past participle

Se compró una figura que estaba hecho de madera. Why can't era be used in place of estaba?
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5answers
2k views

Determining gender of words ending in “e”

When learning Spanish, there are basic rules taught about word gender: words ending in o are usually masculine, words ending in a are usually feminine. What about words ending in e? Are there any ...
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2answers
72 views

imperative or subjunctive

In my Spanish class I have learnt that only the second person (s & pl) has distinct forms for the imperative, but the forms for all other persons are the same as for the subjunctive. ...
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2answers
48 views

Use of subjunctive and presence of doubt

Colón dijo: "Aunque tenga que buscarlos en las cárceles, los encontraré." Why is the subjunctive for the verb tener used? Can't the indicative be used instead of the subjunctive?
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2answers
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Uso de Ser vs Estar y objectos directos y indirectors

1.>Esta bolsa está rota. Por qué no puede usar "es" en vez de "estar" en esta frase?
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1answer
86 views

If soy and eres mean “I am” and “you are”, when should you use “yo soy” and “tú eres”? [duplicate]

Knowing that verbs imply the subject (unlike English), when is it necessary to be redundant and use the subject? I gathered that it is only used at the beginning of a conversation, but I'm not sure. ...
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6answers
10k views

Why does “Se habla español” translate to “We speak Spanish”?

I see on stores that they have a sign that says Se habla español. From first glance I would think that it is saying "It speaks Spanish". How is it unambiguous that it is saying "We speak Spanish"? I ...
5
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2answers
178 views

Plural form of letters

What is the correct plural of single letters? I encountered three variants: veinte a's, una b, dieciséis c's, trece d's, treinta e's, dos f's, ... (Source) dieciséis «a», una «b», quince «c», once ...
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1answer
76 views

What is a polite way of requesting something in Spanish? [closed]

I'm mainly concerned about grammar. The text between parenthesis gives you some context. I mainly want to know how to say a expression like that to ask (a person). I asked for a (polite request for ...
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2answers
127 views

Bien vs buen/bueno/buena to describe something good

I have encountered phrases like these: La buena comida. El buen hombre. Buenos días. However in none of these instances is it grammatically correct to substitute bien even though it ...
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2answers
77 views

When and why is a “determiner” necessary for a subject?

This answer mentions that: In Spanish, for a number of reasons ... , a subject must have some sort of determiner attached to it. For cena that could be an article like una or la; a quantifier like ...
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2answers
274 views

¿Cuál es el análisis gramatical de “¿Cómo me le va?”?

Vivo en Colombia y con cierta frecuencia escucho la pregunta "¿Cómo me le va?" pero nadie me puede explicar por qué usa "me" en este caso. ¿Esta frase tiene aluna explicación gramatical? ¿Por qué no ...
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2answers
102 views

Correction of Translations from English to Spanish [closed]

can you please correct my mistakes? My parents made me clean my room before allowing me to go out with my friends. Mis padres me obligan a limpiar mi habitación antes de permetirme salir con mis ...
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4answers
321 views

Can “mi” be used as a regular pronoun?

Mi is usually used like this: Esta es mi casa. --> This is my house. However, sometimes I've seen it used as a regular pronoun like this: Él tiene más libros que mi. --> He has more books ...
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2answers
104 views

definite article - and the use of “al”

I'm currently learning Spanish Grammar and hoping someone can help me out. I have a sentence in my book which is: Me gusta jugar al fútbol. And another sentence: Juega al fútbol todos los ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the correct order of object pronouns?

I know that there are (at least) three types of personal pronouns in Spanish (well, and English): direct, indirect, and reflexive. In cases where all three (or at least two) are present, what is the ...
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6answers
207 views

“echado” vs “echando”

Question 1: echado vs echando Observo al hombre echado en el suelo. I think this sentence translates into English as: He observed the person lying on the ground. Why does the Spanish ...
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1answer
310 views

What is the difference between “al” and “a la”?

Consider the following sentence: Vamos a entender a la maestra. (We are going to understand the teacher) I remember seeing in a similar sentence the word al being used instead of a la. So are ...
2
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1answer
94 views

diferente vs. otro/otra

I'm a bit confused about the differences in use of diferente and otro/otra. For example, I want to say "I'm a programmer like Javier, but I work for a different company." Would that be Soy un ...
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4answers
132 views

What's the function of 'a' in the following sentences?

"Mientras Pepe jugaba a el baloncesto": el baloncesto has no life nor related to human beings, why put "a" in the sentence, why not say like "mientras Pepe jUgaba el baloncesto". "Fue primero a la ...
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2answers
131 views

How do I write “when scheduled” for a future appointment?

At my job, I sometimes have to make a list of requirements for Spanish-speaking clients. This list entails certain appointments. For the "employment assessment" I also write the phrase "when ...
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1answer
55 views

Some questions about Spanish tenses and sentence structure [closed]

"Mientras Marcos jugaba al baloncesto con sus companeros, sintió calor y se quitó la chaqueta", I wanna know if I can speak this sentence in such way like "Mientras Marcos estuvo jugando al ...
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3answers
139 views

Probability: Future Perfect v. Conditional Perfect

What's the difference between using the future perfect to describe probability in the past and using the conditional perfect to describe probability in the past? Ex. Yo habré comido mucho. v. Yo ...
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5answers
948 views

When is the indirect object pronoun required in sentences with an indirect object?

Spanish ¿Cuándo son necesarios en una frase los pronombres indirectos y cuándo son opcionales? Creo que aprendí en el colegio que se requieren siempre (por ejemplo, "le dije a ella que..." es ...
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4answers
73 views

Conjugation of verb in sentence adverbial clause and subjunctive

Ellos lo hacen de manera que no (haber) errores. Why is this haya and not hay? The main clause is in the indicative.
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3answers
256 views

¿Es una ofensa decir “Chale”?

A: Quiero ir a la casa de Juana a visitarla. B: ¡Chale! Vamos para allá mañana. ¿Es una ofensa decir "Chale" ?
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4answers
127 views

Translation of “can”

I know can is poder in Spanish. But generally it would indicate the ability to do something rather than the permission. You cannot drink. No puedo beber. The above sentence could imply: 1) ...
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1answer
30 views

How to deal with personal direct object and indirect object?

When I try to translate this sentence Juan send his daughter to his mother I got this Juan envía a su hija a su madre Considering the following facts: su hija is a personal direct object ...
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2answers
74 views

Pretérito perfecto + subjuntivo presente

En mi país (Uruguay) hay una propensión muy grande a cometer el error que ilustro en el siguiente ejemplo: Juan me pidió que vaya a su casa. cuando debería ser Juan me pidió que fuera a su ...
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2answers
98 views

Learning Spanish [closed]

Can you give me some tips how I can start learning Spanish ? A way where I don't have to drill vocabularies and grammar. When I learned languages at school I was always able to read and write, but ...
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2answers
76 views

Translating a legit double negative [duplicate]

Some may think this question is a duplicate of this How does one say "It's not nothing." but I feel the question was not answered fully, or at least I didn't learn very much from the ...
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2answers
225 views

What is the difference between “es” and “está”?

Can any one please explain to me when should I use está in place of es? As far as my understanding goes es translates to is and está translates to this. But sometimes I see that está is translating ...
0
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3answers
142 views

¿De qué manera funciona el lo neutral?

¿Cuál es el "lo neutral"? ¿De qué manera funciona? ¿Cuáles son ejemplos del lo neutral en contexto? Mi maestro me dijo que debo buscar de que manera funciona "el lo neutral" en contexto. Pienso que ...
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2answers
385 views

¿Doble complemento directo?

¿Cuál es la resolución o las resoluciones al análisis de la siguiente oración? Consideramos a Pedro un buen maestro. Claramente no hay Complemento u Objeto Indirecto porque los dos aceptan ...
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1answer
146 views

Cual es la diferencia entre “como” y “ya que”

Pensaba que eran lo mismo pero parece que no es así, ya que encontré una alternativa en una comprensión de lectura para DELE C1, que tiene ambas palabras como opciones: Pero este proceso solo ...
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2answers
114 views

Spanish for “to no end”

Consider the following translation: His laziness disgusts me. Me da asco su flojedad. What if I wanted to add "to no end" to the sentence? His laziness disgusts me to no end.
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2answers
57 views

Usages of Se and Verbs [duplicate]

I get really confused about this and am looking for some kind of trick. It seems sometimes "se" means to do something to oneself and sometimes not. "Juan se ducha" (Juan showers himself) Other ...
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3answers
192 views

¿Qué se te ofrece?

Llevo más o menos tres años hablando español, dos de los cuales viví en Mexico. Pero algo que sigo sin entender es por qué, si hay alguna razón, decimos ¿Qué se te ofrece? y no ¿Qué te ofrezco? o ¿Qué ...
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4answers
254 views

Pretérito Perfecto vs. Pretérito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
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4answers
130 views

Pretérito perfecto compuesto: “E” en vez de “He”

Buenas ¿Al usar el préterito perfecto compuesto ("Yo he conseguido"), es correcto poner "E" en vez de "He"? La frase sería "Yo e conseguido". Temo que sea correcto. Al hablarse, supestamente el "h" ...
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3answers
211 views

Why is trabajar being conjugated here?

Here is the sentence: Este gran libro es el resultado de años de trabajo duro. = This great book is the result of years of hard work. Why is trabajar being conjugated to the yo form? Is the ...