Set of structural rules that govern the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language.

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83 views

When should one use “para” for the English word “to”?

This is an extension of the question What is the difference between using "de" and "que" for the English word "to"? Consider the sentence "You have one minute to ...
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2answers
96 views

Preterito Perfecto vs. Preterito Indefinido - which one is correct

If I want to say that my neighbor broke his leg this summer and couldn't walk for 3 months which tense should I use: preterito perfecto or preterito indefinido? So far I've come up with (indefinido ...
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3answers
198 views

Why does “Se habla español” translate to “We speak Spanish”?

I see on stores that they have a sign that says Se habla español. From first glance I would think that it is saying "It speaks Spanish". How is it unambiguous that it is saying "We speak Spanish"? I ...
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5answers
86 views

Por vs. para vs. a vs. de

How do we translate the below sentence into Spanish? Meat is the only source of income for them. I have the following options: La carne es el único ingreso por ellos. La carne es el único ingreso ...
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1answer
63 views

Ambiguity with “por”

Let’s consider the following sentence: Esta carta fue escrita por Juan. I know it translates into English as, “This letter was written by Juan.” But won’t it also translate as, “This letter was ...
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4answers
75 views

Reflexive “dejar”

I came across the below translation while browsing through a Spanish learning website today: Te has dejado el paraguas en el restaurante. You left your umbrella at the restaurant. I am confused ...
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3answers
226 views

Pluralization of “todo”

Should “todo tipo” be pluralized when translating the phrase, “all types of”? Consider this sentence: I grow all types/kinds of vegetables. Which of the below would be the correct translation and ...
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2answers
61 views

Word order in Spanish

The sentence I need to translate is this: Your threats are never going to frighten me. However, I am still not sure of the most appropriate word-order in Spanish and have ended up with the below ...
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1answer
84 views

“I was sick" in Spanish

I know it will take estar and in the present tense it’s easy to just say, “Estoy enfermo.” But how do I say it in the past tense? Which one of the below would be correct? estuve enfermo. estaba ...
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7answers
116 views

¿“No existe nadie” o “no existe alguien”?

¿Es correcto decir "No existe nadie"? Por ejemplo: "No existe nadie que haya aprobado el examen". ¿Lo correcto sería "No existe alguien que haya aprobado el examen"?
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2answers
90 views

Subjunctive with “asegurar”

Should the subjunctive be used after the verb "asegurar que"? The sentence I am trying to write is "La policía no se aseguraron que el niño tuviera un arma autentico o que él fuera una amenaza." ...
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2answers
53 views

Article usage in Spanish

Ahorremos agua / Ahorremos el agua Manzanas son frutas / La manzana es una fruta / Manzana es una fruta Which of the above sets would be more appropriate? Spanish articles have always baffled me. To ...
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2answers
55 views

“Que viene” vs “próximo”

I have seen the expression, “next year” translated as both “el año que viene” and “el año próximo.” Are there regional preferences? Which one is more natural and why? Which translation is particularly ...
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1answer
57 views

Two verbs in a single sentence

We must turn off the faucet and save water. For the above construction, which of the below is more appropriate? Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorrar el agua. Debemos cerrar el grifo y ahorramos el ...
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1answer
33 views

Usage of “a” with debido

The sentence I was trying to translate is: We had to cut short our vacation due to the storm. A Spanish learning site gave the translation as: Tuvimos que acortar las vacaciones debido a la ...
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2answers
61 views

"On screen” in Spanish

How does one translate the phrase, “on screen” into Spanish? Is the below sentence an appropriate attempt? Por pudor nunca besaría en la pantalla. Out of modesty, she would never kiss on screen.
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1answer
28 views

After much struggle

The sentence I am trying to translate is: The young man found work after much (a lot of) struggle. Is one of these the most appropriate way (somehow it doesn’t seem so to me, that’s why I ask)? El ...
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1answer
32 views

Hay que vs tener que vs deber

I understand that all three of them are the Spanish equivalent of “ought to” or “must” or “should". But I really need to know if there are any subtle differences in the sense they convey. Also, are ...
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4answers
294 views

Ser vs estar in this sentence

The sentence I want to translate is: The wine cellar should be dark and dry. Which of the following would be more appropriate and why? La bodega debe ser oscura y seca. La bodega debe estar oscura ...
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1answer
48 views

Turning a certain age in Spanish

I know tener is the verb used when talking about one’s age. So the following translation makes perfect sense: Tengo treinta años. I am 30 years old. But what if I want to translate the following ...
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2answers
44 views

“Something big” in Spanish

I want to say, “Something big is happening today.” Is the following translation the most appropriate? Algo grande va a pasar hoy. In the same vein, is the following the correct translation for, ...
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4answers
100 views

gustar: “I like the cat” vs “The cat likes me”

I put this in the google translate page: the cat likes me i like the cat I get back the translation: el gato me gusta me gusta el gato which doesn't look right at all, and sure enough it gets ...
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2answers
69 views

Por vs para when discussing number of times

Which one would be the preposition of choice when discussing the number of times something happened? Examples: I saw her for the third time. She is visiting me for the first time.
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2answers
34 views

Ser vs estar in sentences about composition

Could someone please advise which is the verb of choice in sentences that talk about what things are made of or look like? See the following example: My bathroom is covered in tiles. For the above ...
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1answer
77 views

Too big for him

While translating the phrase, “too big for him,” should we use "por" or "para"? In other words, which one of the below would be correct Spanish: Esa broca es demasiada pequeña por esta pared. ...
2
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1answer
157 views

What does “Le tengo” mean in “Le tengo miedo al fracaso”?

The sentence means "I am afraid of failure". Why do we use Le tengo instead of Yo tengo or Tengo? Moreover, why are we using al instead of de for of?
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2answers
110 views

“Lo peor ya ha pasado” - Why is “Lo” used?

The sentence translates to The worse has already passed. Why is lo used instead of el? When am I supposed to use one over the other?
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1answer
275 views

“Ella es nuestra madre” - Why is “nuestra” feminine?

Why is nuestra feminine if we do not know the gender of the people the speaker is referring?
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1answer
64 views

Uso de “heme aquí”

Lo he visto en alguna ocasión en literatura o alguna interpretación de español antiguo, pero no es muy común, supongo que de alguna forma su uso está obsoleto. Ahora las dudas: ¿Cual verbo es el ...
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1answer
73 views

What is “él” for in “Estoy aquí porque me ha enviado él”?

I found this sentence which makes sense except for the last word él: Estoy aquí porque me ha enviado él. I am here because he has sent me. What is the él doing here? At first when I read it I ...
1
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1answer
110 views

Why is trabajar being conjugated here?

Here is the sentence: Este gran libro es el resultado de años de trabajo duro. = This great book is the result of years of hard work. Why is trabajar being conjugated to the yo form? Is the ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

What is the difference between “al” and “a la”?

Consider the following sentence: Vamos a entender a la maestra. (We are going to understand the teacher) I remember seeing in a similar sentence the word al being used instead of a la. So are ...
5
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2answers
145 views

What is the difference between using “de” and “que” for the English word “to”?

Here are two examples where de and que are meant to translate to to in English: ¿Dónde tengo que dejar los documentos? = Where do I have to leave the documents? Es imposible de saber = It is ...
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3answers
129 views

What is the difference between “No puedo comer” and “No puedo como”?

I thought that you were supposed to use the conjugated version of comer when referring to the subject, but I see sentences formed like the first example. So what is the difference between both ...
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2answers
83 views

'de' in Yo me alegro de no estudiar

Yo me alegro de no estudiar: la mejor escuela es el teatro. (Literally?!:) I am glad to not study: the best school is the theater. Why is de used in this example? Is que (that) a reasonable ...
1
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2answers
148 views

When is “se” used before a verb?

I'm confused about when "se" should be used. I thought it would always go before a like here: Ella se mejora a su coche but I see here that it is not being used. Él observa a su hija My ...
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5answers
161 views

“Le lee un diario a ella” - Is the person who reads male or female?

The translator says the sentence is this in English: Le lee un diario a ella = He reads her a book. I thought it was "You read her a book" because it's unclear from the wording the gender of ...
3
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1answer
90 views

¿Cómo se escribe “x y y” ó “x e y”?, ¿“α o ω” ó “α u ω”?

Escribiendo textos con fórmulas matemáticas a menudo te encuentras con este tipo de problemas con los símbolos matemáticos. Pongo unos cuantos ejemplos: "... donde x e y son variables reales ..." ...
3
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1answer
131 views

¿Cuál es el análisis gramatical de “¿Cómo me le va?”?

Vivo en Colombia y con cierta frecuencia escucho la pregunta "¿Cómo me le va?" pero nadie me puede explicar por qué usa "me" en este caso. ¿Esta frase tiene aluna explicación gramatical? ¿Por qué no ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Is this a proper (non-awkward) translation? [closed]

Translate.com gives me this: "Mis libros son el agua, los de los grandes genios es el vino. Todo el mundo bebe agua." ...for this: “My books are water; those of the great geniuses is wine. ...
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3answers
106 views

When to use “una” and when to omit it

I recently came across this sentence: No tenemos fecha. which means "We do not have a date." The context of this may be when making an appointment with the dentist and you are saying you do not ...
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1answer
23 views

Translation: I was pushed into getting past simple pleasures of life in order to catch up with the standards of maturity

tiene dificultades con traducción, pero no soy una inglaterra y por eso la frase en inglés puede ser mal también: I was pushed into getting past simple pleasures of life in order to catch up with the ...
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3answers
189 views

¿Es una ofensa decir “Chale”?

A: Quiero ir a la casa de Juana a visitarla. B: ¡Chale! Vamos para allá mañana. ¿Es una ofensa decir "Chale" ?
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3answers
118 views

When to use “a un”

Here's a silly example: To translate I hear a cat and a horse this is what I was told was correct Oigo a un gato y a un caballo But if "a cat" or " a dog" translates to "un gato" or "un ...
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3answers
89 views

Is it “Tú juegas como el” or “Tú juegas como él”? [closed]

The sentence says "You play as him" but all of the choices have the last word as el instead of él. I believe "Tú juegas como él" to be the right choice, is that correct?
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2answers
150 views

“Los otros días” o “El otro día”

Tengo un debate con mi novia. Yo dije "Los otros días, yo fui a una corrida de toros en La Arena Mexico.". No sabiendo qué dia fue. Ella dice que lo correcto es decir "El otro día, yo fui a una ...
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2answers
67 views

Clarficiation needed on “su”

If I can say Su madre busca a su hermana. to mean Your mother is looking for your sister. And "su" can also be used to mean "their", then what if I want to say "Your mother is looking ...
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5answers
168 views

¿Es una ofensa decir la palabra “caray”?

¿Qué significa la palabra "caray", es una ofensa decirle a alguien "caray"? ¡Caray! Que estas haciendo aqui?
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5answers
189 views

“¿De qué color es la camisa?” - What is “De” for?

It looks like this sentence can be formed without the "De" so what is it for?
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4answers
209 views