Questions about grammatical (and natural) gender and agreement in the Spanish noun, adjective, and pronoun.

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3
votes
1answer
96 views

How does one use a single adjective to describe two or more nouns of different genders?

I was translating something from English into Spanish and hesitated a moment as I contemplated how best to do it. The phrase was Lists of Taiwanese counties and cities I hesitated because I wasn't ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

What percentage of nouns ending in -a are masculine and what percentage of nouns ending in -o are feminine?

I was going through a discussion thread over at duolingo ("How to use El and La in Spanish"), when I came upon the following question: Anyone know the percentage of Spanish nouns ending in -a that ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

¿Cuándo un aumentativo cambia el género del sustantivo?

Al respecto de ¿Por qué es bajón antónimo de subidón?, me surge la duda de por qué a veces el aumentativo de un nombre femenino mantiene su género, como señora/señorona, mientras que otras cambia, ...
3
votes
3answers
554 views

Are all sneaky weasels female?

I'm pretty sure I read "comadreja tramposa" (sneaky weasel, using the feminine gender) on Dilbert; it was being applied to the pointy-haired boss. So, assuming "comadreja" (feminine) is the name for ...
5
votes
3answers
198 views

How masculine are masculine nouns

This question betrays my poor beginner's Spanish, but what the heck... Do native/fluent Spanish speakers regard masculine/feminine nouns as possessing intrinsic "male/female" qualities, if only ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

El agua, La Argentina, why? [duplicate]

I saw this Why is "agua" masculine in singular form and feminine in plural? "El agua" / "Las aguas" but no one told the reason why Argentina is not El Argentina as agua ...
2
votes
3answers
152 views

¿Latinoamérica: por qué se usa “latino” con un sustantivo feminino?

El sustantivo "América" es feminino y "latino" es adjetivo. Así, ya que los adjetivos han de concordar con los sustantivos que modifican, ¿por qué se usa "latino" en lugar "latina" en el sustantivo ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Género de las profesionales del modelaje: ¿por qué no se dice “la modela”?

Escuché de pasada en un programa de televisión a un comentarista hablar de "la modela", refiriéndose a una señorita que ejerce el modelaje. Pensé que fue un lapsus, pero no, era sistemático y ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Gender-Number Agreement with Feminine Adjectives [duplicate]

I take a beginners spanish course in school and came across this blip one day. I was trying to describe a girl in a photo wearing pink socks as la niña lleva calcetines rosas. My teacher then said ...
3
votes
2answers
539 views

¿El o la app? ¿Un o una app?

La recomendación de la Fundéu es no abreviar y usar «aplicación» o, si se quiere abreviar, hacerlo de una forma más ¿española? y abreviarlo como «apli». Sin embargo es «app» lo que se sigue usando en ...
-1
votes
2answers
104 views

Beyond memorisation and time, how can you master Grammatical Gender in Spanish? [closed]

How can adult L2 learners learn, master, and remember Grammatical Gender more efficiently? Memorisation and time do not improve advanced L2 learners. Are there shortcuts or patterns or rules for ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Why is it “el arte moderno” and “las artes finas”?

(I'm a native Spanish speaker.) Why the apparent change of gender?
3
votes
1answer
195 views

Diferencias en palabras de género entre humanos y animales

En inglés tenemos ciertas palabras que se usa más a referirse al género de los humanos: man/woman boy/girl Y no usamos esas palabras para referirse a animales. Para animales usaríamos más male y ...
8
votes
3answers
542 views

¿Es correcto usar “@” para significar femenino/masculino?

He visto bienvenid@s con una @ para significar bienvenidos/bienvenidas. Casi estoy seguro que he visto otras palabras también en cuales meten @ para significar masculino/femenino, pero no puedo ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

¿Se dice “el pareja de baile” para referirse al caballero?

Necesito hablar sobre el baile, y parece que voy a usar la palabra pareja mucho: puede significar tanto la dama como el caballero como los dos juntos, si entiendo bien. Cuando la uso para referirse ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Where do you specify gender in a sentence?

I am studying Spanish with the Michel Thomas Method. It says that in Spanish, the gender is often not specified. For example: no lo compra - he/she is not buying puede mandárselo - can you ...
4
votes
2answers
238 views

Listing mixed male and female nouns. Muchos or muchas?

If I'm listing four things, three of which are female, would I say muchas or muchos? Tiene muchos playas, montañas, tiendas y restaurantes If restaurantes is male then do I start the sentence ...
3
votes
3answers
245 views

¿Por qué se usa el género femenino en estos casos?

En la frase "Nueva York," ¿por qué es el adjetivo "nuevo" declinado al género femenino? Pensaba que el masculino era el género predeterminado. Entonces por qué es el género femenino usado? ...
0
votes
2answers
295 views

Is there a way to differentiate between uncles, aunts, grandparents?

My wife told me that in Persian/Farsi, there are different words for "uncle", "aunt", "grandfather" and "grandmother" that indicate which side of the family they are from (father's brother, or mother'...
5
votes
2answers
371 views

¿Qué género tienen los extranjerismos?

Me he encontrado con el anglicismo "babymoon" y me ha surgido la duda: ¿Debo decir "el babymoon" o "la babymoon"? Y más en general, ¿cómo se determina el género de los extranjerismos? Por ejemplo: ¿...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

Using gender for nouns in a game

I’m writing a card matching game and want to show the name of the item on the card and say the name of the item. In previous games where we ask the child to find a shape, we’ve left out the gendered ...
2
votes
1answer
780 views

Is “Abue” both grandfather AND grandmother?

I know that "grandfather" is "Abuelo" in Spanish and that "grandmother" is "Abuela" in Spanish. I heard a youngster refer to his grandfather as "Abue" (OB-way); I guess this is something like "gramps"...
4
votes
2answers
134 views

What is the gender classification of a word which can take either gender?

A few words in Spanish have no specific gender. Generally (to my knowledge) these words refer to people, and the gender follows the gender of the person about whom is being spoken. Some examples: ...
4
votes
1answer
424 views

Gender agreement with “fin de semana”

Would it be el fin de semana próxima or el fin de semana próximo for next weekend? And how would you say last weekend in Spanish?
7
votes
3answers
525 views

Why do fruits seemingly have two genders?

Why fruits seemingly have two genders? (or maybe being bi-gender would be a better way to put it). I came across this phrase: "...frutas, verduras, cereales y frutos secos" So "la fruta" is ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Choosing gender of adjectives or object pronouns

I can best explain my question with an example. I am eating a delicious beefsteak (el bistec) at a friend´s house. I want to express how good it is, so without saying ´beefsteak´ I say, Está muy ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Este o Esto. Which one to use, when, where, why?

On Duolingo, I translated "I throw this" as "Yo tiro este" but it was wrong; the correct translation was "Yo tiro esto". But doesn't whether it's "este" or "esto" depend on the gender of the noun ...
1
vote
1answer
362 views

Agreement of adjectives with nouns

¿Es correcta esta frase? Coge la bolsa por el asa pequeño.
6
votes
3answers
389 views

Concordancia de género en el plural con adjetivos disyunctivos

Si tenemos dos cosas que comparten un sustantivo y solo se diferencian por un adjetivo, es posible escribir el sustantivo en plural y los adjetivos en singular (ejemplos del DPD): Las razas negra y ...
1
vote
4answers
231 views

Why so much controversy over a little old word like “Pan”?

According to translate.com, "the pan" is "el sartén". According to duolingo, the object suffers from gender confusion and can be either "el sartén" or "la sartén" Why would it have two different ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

Género para “The TARDIS”

En una pregunta ya contestada anteriormente, Why do Spanish words have gender?, se decía que es muy subjetivo asignar un género a una palabra extranjera que se integra al español. Si en la lengua ...
-2
votes
1answer
143 views

Shouldn't agua be profundo instead of profunda? [duplicate]

According to Duolingo, the phrase "The water is not deep" should be translated "El agua no es profunda." instead of what I guessed, "El agua no es profundo." Since "agua" is masculine (el), shouldn't ...
-1
votes
2answers
255 views

Why is “El agua poco profunda” feminin? [duplicate]

Why is "el agua poco profunda" and not "profundo"? Agua is masculine although it ends with an "a". And from all what i've learnt so far it should be profundo.
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do Spanish words have gender?

English: What is the origin of gender in Spanish words? (la mesa, el perro) I come from another language (English) that doesn't have gender for nouns, except maybe a few things like ships, planes, ...
4
votes
1answer
818 views

Origin of gender-neutral nouns such as “la/el artista”, “la/el testigo”, “la/el poeta”

English: This question is more out curiosity than anything else, but I was wondering if there is a reason that nouns like "artista", "testigo", and "poeta" are gender neutral, meaning the word ending ...
7
votes
3answers
719 views

Is “número” masculine or feminine?

English: Consider this sentence "Mi habitación es la número cinco." Why couldn't "número" be masculine as in "el número cinco"? Does it have something to do with the gender of "habitación"? I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
309 views

Why doesn't “verde” become “verda” when paired with a feminine noun?

Why does "verde" remain the same whereas "blanco" becomes "blanca" and "rojo" becomes "roja" in this sentence? "La bandera italiana es verde, blanca y roja" Green ("verde") retains the same spelling,...
4
votes
3answers
813 views

¿Cuál es la regla para asignar el género a cantidades numéricas?

Hace unos días pregunté sobre el caso de Millonas. Sé que es un dísparate por decirlo del alguna manera. ¿Cómo lo sé? Por intuición, no sabría explicarlo mas que me suena a un dísparate. En ...
5
votes
2answers
247 views

Millones y Millonas

Viendo un video de Nicolas Maduro presidente de Venezuela el dice: Millones y millonas de Bolivar. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UrXQkPOvI7A en 0:42 ¿Es correcto decir millonas o es un modismo ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

¿Cuál es la concordancia de género apropiada?

En la oficina tenemos un jefe, y a una compañera le he dicho: "Él va a seguir siendo jefe tuyo" Ante lo que me ha surgido la duda, al ser "jefe de ti" ¿debería decirse "jefe tuya"?, ya que "ti" en ...
5
votes
4answers
183 views

What is the article for Avestruz?

Do you say Los avestruces or Las avestruces? I think I've seen both. Maybe both are accepted? In singular it is easier, and maybe it just extrapolates to the plural. In singular it's El avestruz, in ...
7
votes
3answers
677 views

“Empanada”, “Emparedado”, and their genders

Lately, I've started noticing how some Spanish nouns are merely past-participles of verbs (with the addition of a "-ado/-ada" suffix), and that those verbs are sometimes derived from other nouns by ...
1
vote
2answers
485 views

What is the significance of the gender of a noun in Spanish? [closed]

I'm just relying on memorization to conjure the gender of nouns. Perhaps if I understood etymologically why these genders came about, I would have an easier time remembering. There are three ...
3
votes
2answers
396 views

What is the gender of adjectives that describe implied nouns?

I went to a Mexican restaurant and this is how my conversation went: Yo: Quiero un vaso de agua de sandía. Camarera: ¿Chica o Grande? Yo: Chica. Why did the waitress use "chica" ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

Identifying masculine and feminine words

Are there any tips to quickly identify words in Spanish as 'male' or 'female'? I am a new learner and have trouble with this.
14
votes
4answers
36k views

¿Se debe decir jefe o jefa al referirse a una persona de sexo femenino?

Mi jefe en el trabajo es una mujer. ¿Cómo es la forma correcta de referirse a un jefe que es mujer? ¿jefe o jefa? Algunos compañeros de trabajo le dicen jefa, yo le digo por su nombre sin embargo ...
6
votes
2answers
730 views

¿Cómo se usa la forma femenina de tema?

He leído que la palabra tema se puede usar en la forma femenina: la tema. ¿Qué significa la tema, y cómo se usa? ¿Es común? ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre el tema y la tema?
7
votes
3answers
7k views

¿Cuál es el diminutivo de mano, foto, moto, etc.?

Para las palabras que son femeninas pero terminan en o, ¿cuál es la forma diminutiva? O sea, ¿es el diminutivo de foto fotito o fotita? Y para mano, ¿es manito o manita? En el caso de mano, creo que ...
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Género de derecha/o e izquierda

¿Por qué las palabras derecha e izquierda (en oraciones como "doblar a la derecha") tienen el género femenino y no el masculino? Y ¿por qué derecho (en masculino) significa "recto," pero derecha (en ...
8
votes
5answers
15k views

What are the differences between “el mar” and “la mar”?

Another question touched on this issue, but I wanted to ask in more detail. Mar is a noun that can be masculine or feminine. I have heard that there are subtle differences in connotations between the ...