Questions about grammatical (and natural) gender and agreement in the Spanish noun, adjective, and pronoun.

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4
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1answer
55 views

Gender agreement with “fin de semana”

Would it be el fin de semana próxima or el fin de semana próximo for next weekend? And how would you say last weekend in Spanish?
7
votes
3answers
349 views

Why do fruits seemingly have two genders?

Why fruits seemingly have two genders? (or maybe being bi-gender would be a better way to put it). I came across this phrase: "...frutas, verduras, cereales y frutos secos" So "la fruta" is ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Choosing gender of adjectives or object pronouns

I can best explain my question with an example. I am eating a delicious beefsteak (el bistec) at a friend´s house. I want to express how good it is, so without saying ´beefsteak´ I say, Está muy ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Este o Esto. Which one to use, when, where, why?

On Duolingo, I translated "I throw this" as "Yo tiro este" but it was wrong; the correct translation was "Yo tiro esto". But doesn't whether it's "este" or "esto" depend on the gender of the noun ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Agreement of adjectives with nouns

¿Es correcta esta frase? Coge la bolsa por el asa pequeño.
4
votes
3answers
72 views

Concordancia de género en el plural con adjetivos disyunctivos

Si tenemos dos cosas que comparten un sustantivo y solo se diferencian por un adjetivo, es posible escribir el sustantivo en plural y los adjetivos en singular (ejemplos del DPD): Las razas negra y ...
0
votes
4answers
116 views

Why so much controversy over a little old word like “Pan”?

According to translate.com, "the pan" is "el sartén". According to duolingo, the object suffers from gender confusion and can be either "el sartén" or "la sartén" Why would it have two different ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Género para “The TARDIS”

En una pregunta ya contestada anteriormente, Why do Spanish words have gender?, se decía que es muy subjetivo asignar un género a una palabra extranjera que se integra al español. Si en la lengua ...
-2
votes
1answer
109 views

Shouldn't agua be profundo instead of profunda? [duplicate]

According to Duolingo, the phrase "The water is not deep" should be translated "El agua no es profunda." instead of what I guessed, "El agua no es profundo." Since "agua" is masculine (el), shouldn't ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

Why is “El agua poco profunda” feminin? [duplicate]

Why is "el agua poco profunda" and not "profundo"? Agua is masculine although it ends with an "a". And from all what i've learnt so far it should be profundo.
7
votes
3answers
552 views

Why do Spanish words have gender?

English: What is the origin of gender in Spanish words? (la mesa, el perro) I come from another language (English) that doesn't have gender for nouns, except maybe a few things like ships, planes, ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Origin of gender-neutral nouns such as “la/el artista”, “la/el testigo”, “la/el poeta”

English: This question is more out curiosity than anything else, but I was wondering if there is a reason that nouns like "artista", "testigo", and "poeta" are gender neutral, meaning the word ending ...
5
votes
3answers
205 views

Is “número” masculine or feminine?

English: Consider this sentence "Mi habitación es la número cinco." Why couldn't "número" be masculine as in "el número cinco"? Does it have something to do with the gender of "habitación"? I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Why doesn't “verde” become “verda” when paired with a feminine noun?

Why does "verde" remain the same whereas "blanco" becomes "blanca" and "rojo" becomes "roja" in this sentence? "La bandera italiana es verde, blanca y roja" Green ("verde") retains the same ...
4
votes
3answers
269 views

¿Cuál es la regla para asignar el género a cantidades numéricas?

Hace unos días pregunté sobre el caso de Millonas. Sé que es un dísparate por decirlo del alguna manera. ¿Cómo lo sé? Por intuición, no sabría explicarlo mas que me suena a un dísparate. En ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Millones y Millonas

Viendo un video de Nicolas Maduro presidente de Venezuela el dice: Millones y millonas de Bolivar. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UrXQkPOvI7A en 0:42 ¿Es correcto decir millonas o es un modismo ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

¿Cuál es la concordancia de género apropiada?

En la oficina tenemos un jefe, y a una compañera le he dicho: "Él va a seguir siendo jefe tuyo" Ante lo que me ha surgido la duda, al ser "jefe de ti" ¿debería decirse "jefe tuya"?, ya que "ti" en ...
4
votes
4answers
127 views

What is the article for Avestruz?

Do you say Los avestruces or Las avestruces? I think I've seen both. Maybe both are accepted? In singular it is easier, and maybe it just extrapolates to the plural. In singular it's El avestruz, in ...
6
votes
3answers
453 views

“Empanada”, “Emparedado”, and their genders

Lately, I've started noticing how some Spanish nouns are merely past-participles of verbs (with the addition of a "-ado/-ada" suffix), and that those verbs are sometimes derived from other nouns by ...
0
votes
2answers
259 views

What is the significance of the gender of a noun in Spanish? [closed]

I'm just relying on memorization to conjure the gender of nouns. Perhaps if I understood etymologically why these genders came about, I would have an easier time remembering. There are three ...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

What is the gender of adjectives that describe implied nouns?

I went to a Mexican restaurant and this is how my conversation went: Yo: Quiero un vaso de agua de sandía. Camarera: ¿Chica o Grande? Yo: Chica. Why did the waitress use "chica" ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Identifying masculine and feminine words

Are there any tips to quickly identify words in Spanish as 'male' or 'female'? I am a new learner and have trouble with this.
6
votes
3answers
13k views

¿Se debe decir jefe o jefa al referirse a una persona de sexo femenino?

Mi jefe en el trabajo es una mujer. ¿Cómo es la forma correcta de referirse a un jefe que es mujer? ¿jefe o jefa? Algunos compañeros de trabajo le dicen jefa, yo le digo por su nombre sin embargo ...
5
votes
3answers
243 views

¿Cómo se usa la forma femenina de tema?

He leído que la palabra tema se puede usar en la forma femenina: la tema. ¿Qué significa la tema, y cómo se usa? ¿Es común? ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre el tema y la tema?
7
votes
3answers
3k views

¿Cuál es el diminutivo de mano, foto, moto, etc.?

Para las palabras que son femeninas pero terminan en o, ¿cuál es la forma diminutiva? O sea, ¿es el diminutivo de foto fotito o fotita? Y para mano, ¿es manito o manita? En el caso de mano, creo que ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

Género de derecha/o e izquierda

¿Por qué las palabras derecha e izquierda (en oraciones como "doblar a la derecha") tienen el género femenino y no el masculino? Y ¿por qué derecho (en masculino) significa "recto," pero derecha (en ...
6
votes
5answers
6k views

What are the differences between “el mar” and “la mar”?

Another question touched on this issue, but I wanted to ask in more detail. Mar is a noun that can be masculine or feminine. I have heard that there are subtle differences in connotations between the ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Why is the phrase “¡Hasta la próxima!” feminine?

Español Trad. de la pregunta: ¿Por qué es femenina la frase "¡Hasta la próxima!"? En la frase "¡hasta la próxima!, ¿por qué el género es femenino en lugar de masculino? ¿Es el género arbitrario, o ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Las palabras definidas como genero ambiguo como “internet” ¿se deben utilizar con artículo femenino o masculino?

Para el caso de la palabra "internet", tenía un profesor en preparatoria que comentaba que debería ser "la internet" puesto que "internet" es "la red de redes". Sin embargo aquí en México cuando ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the rule for cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera?

I remember learning the rule for when to use cualquier, cualquiera, and cualesquiera, but was always confused about the exact differences. When should each be used, and what role do number, gender, ...
5
votes
3answers
199 views

¿Por qué mis amigas dicen “listo” en vez de “lista” cuando están listas para ir?

He tenido la impresión de que debo de usar "lista" cuando me refiero a una mujer. Por ejemplo: Ella está lista para ir. Pero es común oír a mis amigas decir solo listo en este contexto. ¿Por ...
6
votes
2answers
99 views

Convention for group-recited, gender-specific, self-referencing pronouns

What convention (or conventions) exist for words that are recited by a group of people, but refer to oneself using gender-specific pronouns? The most common context is probably group worship in a ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Using female nouns to refer to males, how are adjectives affected?

Here is an English example where someone is referring to a man as a turtle: That turtle is slow. He is angry because he will not win. (calling that man a turtle) In Spanish, the referenced ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

What adjective ending to use with “algo masculino y/o algo femenino”

When you're using y/o with options of different genders, what's the correct ending to use for an adjective that modifies both? Specifically, I was writing: Si entras un usuario y/o contraseña ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Gender illusions?

This is a multiple question about genders. Recently I just wondered about this subject while writing and thought: Why is juez or concejal considered masculine while agente and detective are not? ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Are there other “feminine only” adjectives in Spanish besides “embarazada”?

In most if not all Spanish dictionaries I've checked, embarazada is only ever listed in its feminine form unlike all other adjectives I can think of. Is this semantic because it's considered that ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

¡Buenas! greeting in morning

Another question brings up the fact that in many countries, ¡Buenas! is used as a greeting (as an abbreviation of Buenas tardes or Buenas noches). In regions where this is the case, what should be ...
14
votes
2answers
799 views

Why are certain words ending in “a” masculine?

English: I'm referring to words like "el tema" or "el lema". Most words ending in "a" are feminine. This is actually the opposite of a similar question, ¿Por qué es la palabra ...
14
votes
3answers
203 views

Is the use of @ instead of 'a' or 'o' in order to refer to both masculine and femenine accepted?

I have seen several times the use of @ instead of 'a' or 'o' for refering masculine and femenine words at the same time. For example: Hola a tod@s. Is this an accepted use?
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Determining gender of words ending in “e”

When learning Spanish, there are basic rules taught about word gender: words ending in o are usually masculine, words ending in a are usually feminine. What about words ending in e? Are there any ...
43
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is “agua” masculine in singular form and feminine in plural? “El agua” / “Las aguas”

English Is there any rule that says that feminine nouns that start with "A" are converted to masculine or is it just done for phonetic (ie beauty) reasons? Does this happen in all Spanish speaking ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

¿Por qué es la palabra «mano» femenina?

En español, tenemos una regla en la cual, generalmente, se puede tener fé. Si una palabra termina con -o, es masculina. Sin embargo, palabras que terminan en -e o -a también pueden ser palabras ...